composting toilets Articles

  • Inactivation kinetics of indicator microorganisms during urea treatment for sanitizing finished compost from composting toilet

    This study aimed at estimating the sanitizing effectiveness of urea treatment by studying the inactivation kinetics of selected indicator microorganisms. Finished composts from a composting toilet were inoculated with indicator microorganisms and subjected to different urea concentrations (0.5–2% w/w) and temperatures (22, 32 and 42°C). The inactivation kinetics parameters were determined in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brazil: Controlled Composting In Developing Countries

    For more than six years, pilot and large-scale composting experiments have been done at the University of Vicosa in Vicosa, Brazil. We focused on low cost technologies, forced aeration techniques, vector and leachate control, process monitoring, staff training, and technical assistance to farms and city councils. It seems that an unwritten law for solid waste management for developing countries ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Experience in improving fertiliser value of compost by enriching with urine

    Urine contains a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and could act as valuable plant fertiliser. But urine is often either flushed down a toilet or enters a pit latrine, thus being lost to agriculture and increasing surface and groundwater contamination with nitrogen. Ecological sanitation concepts are closing the loop of nutrients contained in wastewater with agriculture. Besides ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Volunteer vacation destinations

    The benefits of taking a holiday are well-known: They can reduce stress, rekindle relationships and rejuvenate body and mind. But the break from your 9 to 5 routine can also benefit the world around you. Around the globe there are opportunities to give back to the environment and local communities, through taking a volunteer vacation. Great expectations The key to a successful ...


    By green24

  • In Business World

    In Business and BioCycle are holding their 7th Annual Conference on Renewable Energy From Organics Recycling, October 1-3, 2007 in Indianapolis, Indiana. The conference highlights renewable energy projects that cross a range of technologies and feedstock sources. Small and large-scale anaerobic digestion projects that incorporate animal manures, as well as food processing residuals, fats/ ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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