controlled agricultural product design Articles

  • Developing of DLI (Daily Light Integral) and Spectrum Control Systems for Scientific Cultivation in Agriculture

    Abstract: This study presents a DLI (Daily Light Integral) and Spectrum-Based Scientific Cultivation Control System (DAS) Development, Design and Application of Luminaire. Effective planning and monitoring of the environmental conditions of plant growth have vital importance in terms of efficiency and control. Nowadays, beyond the control systems that are mainly focused on climate and ...


    By StellarNet, Inc.

  • Agroforestry Buffers Reduce Runoff from Agricultural Watersheds

    Despite increased attention and demand for the adoption of agroforestry practices throughout the world, rigorous long-term scientific studies confirming environmental benefits from the use of agroforestry practices are limited. The objective of this study was to examine nonpoint-source pollution (NPSP) reduction as influenced by agroforestry buffers in watersheds under grazing and row crop ...

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • CRISPR is coming to agriculture — with big implications for food, farmers, consumers and nature

    Gene editing offers dramatic advances in speed, scope and scale of genetic improvement. It also offers an opportunity for more nuanced GMO governance. Very few technologies truly merit the epithet “game changer” — but a new genetic engineering tool known as CRISPR-Cas9 is one of them. Since we first developed the ability to alter the genetic material inside a plant or animal in ...


    By Ensia

  • Boost grain preservation before production

    Better grain storage would save money and feed over a billion, says Digvir S. Jayas. It deserves more attention. Annually over 2.6 billion tonnes of grains — cereals, oilseeds and pulses — are grown and then stored along the chain from producers to consumers. Most countries do not systematically report how much grain becomes unfit for human consumption during storage, but ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production

    Introduction of Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production Line Organic fertilizer production line is designed for producing organic fertilizer from animal manure or sludge, without any chemical ingredients. As chickens, pigs have a poor digestion, can only consume 25% of the nutrients, so other 75% of feed nutrients with feces discharge can be produced to the dry ...

  • Boosting Compost Markets : Iowa Studies Ways to Control Highway Erosion

    EROSION during and after road construction creates large amounts of silt, which deteriorates water quality and causes ecological problems. Iowa agencies continue to conduct studies to verify the value of compost as an economical way to prevent runoff along the state’s 100,000 miles of roadway. Next month will begin the second half of a two-year research project that involves the Iowa Department ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Effects of pulsed atrazine exposures on autotrophic community structure, biomass, and production in field‐based stream mesocosms

    We performed a multiple‐pulsed atrazine experiment to measure responses of autotrophic endpoints in outdoor stream mesocosms. The experiment was designed to synthetically simulate worst‐case atrazine chemographs from streams in agricultural catchments to achieve 60‐day mean concentrations of 0 (control), 10, 20, and 30 µg/L, respectively. We dosed triplicate streams with pulses of 0, 50, 100, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • U.S. national organic program approves ban on engineered nanomaterials from organic products

    On December 17, 2010, the US National Organic Program (NOP) voted to accept the recommendation of the US National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) to prohibit engineered nanomaterials from the production, processing, and packaging of certified organic products. The decision was made with little fanfare, but has big implications. Background The NOP is a federal program managed under ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • U.S. National Organic Program Approves Ban on Engineered Nanomaterials from Organic Products

    On December 17, 2010, the US National Organic Program (NOP) voted to accept the recommendation of the US National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) to prohibit engineered nanomaterials from the production, processing, and packaging of certified organic products.  The decision was made with little fanfare, but has big implications. Background ...


    By Acta Group

  • Integrating ecosystem services into crop protection and pest management: Case study with the soil fumigant 1,3‐dichloropropene and its use in tomato production in Italy

    Ecosystems provide the conditions for producing food, regulating water, and providing wildlife habitats; these, among others, are known as ecosystem services (ESs). Food production is both economically and culturally important to southern European farmers, particularly in Italy where farmers grow flavorsome tomatoes with passion and pride. Growers rely on pesticides for crop protection, the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The implications of US Government policy on the development and use of biopesticides

    Biopesticides developed and used in the future will emerge against the backdrop of the environmental effects associated with the use of conventional pesticides and government policies designed to control these effects. In the final analysis, farmers' choices on pesticides will be influenced by the prevailing costs and benefits of conventional pesticides and their alternatives, including ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Indigenous biodiversity `crucial` to forest futures

    Forestry experts are calling for an increase in the use of native tree species in reforestation projects, arguing that they are better for biodiversity and can slow the pace of global warming. The recommendation ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Seaweed compost as an amendment for horticultural soils in Argentina

    Seaweed (fresh, dry) or its products (extracts, composts, soil conditioners) have been long used in agriculture to enhance plant growth and productivity. In this study, we evaluated the effects that seaweed composts at different doses and degree of maturation had on the yield of tomatoes (Licopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. platense) grown on a horticultural soil in northeastern Patagonia. We used ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Measurement of photosynthetic performance in crop plants under South African climatic conditions

    A key objective of the research conducted by Dr Riekert van Heerden (riekert.vanheerden@nwu.ac.za) at North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa and Drs Kobie de Ronde (and team members) and Joseph Asiwe at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC–Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute & ARC–Grain Crop Institute) is to increase the production of crops important for the ...


    By PP Systems

  • Dredge Dealer Dairy Specialists Wins Business Ethics Award

    Dairy Specialists, an SRS Crisafulli agricultural dredge dealer for more than two years, was awarded with the Colorado-based CEBA Bill Daniels Business Award in March for conducting every aspect of its business ...


    By SRS Crisafulli, Inc.

  • The 1996 “Freedom to Farm” Farm Bill

    The period of U.S. farm bills where the instruments were designed around compensation policies that used price support/supply management programs allowing farmers to remain in production during long periods of low prices—the result of four centuries of publicly-sponsored developmental policies—ended with the adoption of the 1996 Farm Bill. In some important ways, the demise of price ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • So what is the role of commodity programs? Can they even be justified?

    No matter what our area of daily activity, it is natural and even necessary that we myopically focus on the problems and issues of the day. But it is also important to step back once in a while to consider how the situations of today fit into a longer-term context. Along that line, we are in the midst of a series of columns that goes beyond the agricultural issues and policy motivations of today, ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • How green was my Vertical Farm?

    By 2050, 80% of the earth’s population will live in cities and 3 billion more people will need to be fed. The simple fact is we are running out of available land to grow enough food to feed them. If we can’t grow our cities outward to find more arable land, the only solution is to grow them upwards. This may change the way we design cities forever.The problem is real and immediate. Even by most ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Agroecology Taps a Wellspring of Farming Knowledge

    Agroecology shares family farmers' evolving knowledge — and should go mainstream, says Fernando R. Funes-Monzote. Over recent decades, formal research and extension, led by governments and big enterprises, have led to novel answers for emerging problems in agriculture. However, these have generally ...


    By SciDev.Net

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