cow barn Articles

  • Effects of reducing dietary nitrogen on ammonia emissions from manure on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall dairy barn at low (0–20°C) temperatures

    Received for publication December 30, 2008. This study was conducted to determine the potential for reducing ammonia (NH3) emissions from manure deposited on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall barn by mid-lactation dairy cows fed reduced or normal N diets. Two crude protein (CP) diets (178 g kg–1 [high] and 159 g kg–1 [low] dry matter ), were used. The diets were fed to 48 Holstein ...

  • Huxley hutterite brethren colony case study

    A. Farm Description Barn Type: 80 stall free stall barn with saw dust on floor. Manure Handling: Barn houses 80 cows over 8 pits, each 7 feet deep and 12 feet wide. Manure is stored under the slatted floor for 6 months and then agitated and pumped out. B. The Problems: As the pits are pumped ammonia levels rise significantly resulting in problems for barn staff ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Himmerland dairy farm case study

    A. PRE-TREATMENT Barn Type: 60 tie stall dairy barn. Mats used in stalls. Manure Handling: Barn houses about 17 – 20 cows along each of two 120 foot parallel pits 2.5 feet wide and 5 to 9 feet deep (stepped). The pits gravity drain to the center of the pit and then flow out to an outside manure storage pit via 2.5 foot square pipe. Half of south gutter is used to handle parlour wash. ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Florida Dairy Succeeds With AD System

    North Florida dairy with 6,100 mature cows and 5,500 replacements installed anaerobic digestion system that is yielding multiple benefits. Dairy farming in Florida has financial and logistical challenges, including hot, humid summers; high electrical costs; access to fresh water; odor; greenhouse emissions and sandy soil issues. Alliance Dairies in Trenton, Florida has found sustainable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Farm digesters for small dairies in Vermont

    THROUGH its award-winning Cow Power program, Central Vermont Public Service (CVPS), a Vermont utility headquartered in the city of Rutland, is helping dairy farmers diversify their incomes by turning manure into electricity. The farmers process manure in anaerobic digesters to generate power, which CVPS customers voluntarily pay a premium to purchase. In addition to income from electricity sales, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Anaerobic Digestion at Dairy Farms

    The need to upgrade dairy waste management practices to overcome pollution problems is leading more farmers to seek solutions with anaerobic digestion technology. Two recent examples of this trend are underway at California sites. The Cal Poly Dairy is located adjacent to the California Polytechnic State University campus in San Luis Obispo. The dairy milks 180 cows with a total population of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Food Residuals on the Farm

    A county agency and a farmer in Vermont have teamed up to collect and compost food residuals and other organics. The Rutland County Solid Waste District (RCSWD), which is responsible for managing MSW for 16 cities and towns, began planning the food residuals composting program in December, 1996 with the Rutland Natural Resource Conservation District, one of 14 districts in Vermont that promotes ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Renewables Make Progress on Many Fronts: Grass Roots Ethanoll from Field Waste

    Progress in community digesters will bring fresh jobs and local control back to farm country - plus offering answers for global warming. FROM THE MIDWEST where native grasses, field waste and wood chips are fueling new biorefineries that are locally-owned to the Northwest where some 50 million gallons of raw manure are producing electricity and dried bedding, community digesters and on-farm ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Industry Takes Shape: Why Digesters Make Dollar Sense Now

     THIRTY years ago, when I was a college student studying ways to convert manure to electricity, we speculated that the 1970s would be the decade of the innovators, the 1980s for the launch of operating projects, and the 1990s when the mainstream adopted the technology. Now I think our predictions for the mainstream were ten to 15 years premature — but it is happening! During the 1990s, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Dairy Digester Opens Doors On Maryland Farm

    Kilby Inc., a 600-cow dairy operation located in Colora, Maryland, has the only operational commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) system in the state. In 2009, Kilby Inc. (the dairy farm and milk production business) began construction of a covered lagoon digester, which started operating in March 2011. The digester input consists of flushed cow manure (98% by volume) and food waste (2%), including ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost integral in new website in building soil

    A website called “BuildingSoil” has been launched by the Washington Organic Recycling Council to help builders preserve healthy soil on building sites. It's the latest Soils for Salmon project which aims to change standard site development practices. These new “soil best management practices” will soon be required by local governments around western Washington, as they update local codes to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Cost-Benefit Analyses: Exploring the Economics of On-Farm Composting

    When exploring the merits of on-farm composting, the question most often raised is: What are the economics? How do the savings or revenues from on-farm composting compare to the costs? Of course, the answer is the ever present “it depends.” Expenses, resources, revenue opportunities, environmental constraints and circumstances vary greatly from one farm to the next. Most people would agree that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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