cow milk production Articles

  • Environmental and Economic Perspectives of Milk Production in Feedlot and Grazing Systems

    Abstract Dairy production systems involve large inputs and large outputs. In environmental and economic terms, this means dairying is potentially a large consumer of natural resources and a generator of large amounts of pollutants and waste as green house gases (GHG) and manure. To ensure a sustainable milk production system; it becomes important to understand the environmental and ...


    By IFCN dairy research center

  • The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products

    As all human water use is ultimately linked to final consumption, it is interesting to know the specific water consumption and pollution behind various consumer goods, particularly for goods that are waterintensive, such as foodstuffs. The objective of this study is to quantify the water footprints of soy milk and soy burger and compare them with the water footprints of equivalent animal products ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the Fat in your Milk Replacer

    Fat digestion in the young calf Commercial milk replacers are often compared and evaluated based on the percentage of protein and fat on the label.  Discussion rarely delves into what makes up the components of fat and its effects on digestion, absorption or growth.  Fats are comprised of short chain, medium chain and long chain fatty acids.  The length of the chain is ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Greenhouse gas, animal performance, and bacterial population structure responses to dietary monensin fed to dairy cows

    Received for publication January 27, 2009. The present study investigated the effects of a feed additive and rumen microbial modifier, monensin sodium (monensin), on selected variables in lactating dairy cows. Monensin fed cows (MON, 600 mg d–1) were compared with untreated control cows (CON, 0 mg d–1) with respect to the effects of monensin on the production of three greenhouse gases (GHG), ...

  • CAFO Manure Treatment-Struvite Removal and Struvite Prevention

    CAFOs (Confined Animal Feeding Operations) face struvite in their manure holding ponds and manure lagoons, as well as their recirculation systems. On a dairy farm in Neb. that operated with 15,000 milking cows, they were generating 500,000 gal per day of wastewater laden with manure.  Over the summer, they noticed a reduction in their pumping capacity because the first lagoon was ...

  • Application of artificial neural network to model the energy output of dairy farms in Iran

    An artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed to assess the energy input–output prediction in dairy farms of Iran. Data used were culled from 50 randomly selected farms using face to face questionnaire approach. The energy input–output analysis was carried out for the parameters of ANN model. Based on performance measures, single hidden layers with 16 neurons in the hidden ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research highlights cattle emissions reduction opportunity

    Researchers in Denmark have measured the quantities of greenhouse gases in the breath of dairy cows and demonstrated a heritable variability between individual animals. “This means that we have an opportunity to select for breeding those individuals which will produce offspring that generate less methane,” says Dr Jan Lassen who led the research project on individual methane ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Reuse of dairy lagoon wastewater through SDI in forage crops

    Abstract California has become the leading dairy products producing state in the USA. This has resulted in farms commonly milking several thousand cows per day. The care and feeding of the animals has produced large waste streams commonly collected and stored in lagoons. Environmentally safe handling and reuse of the lagooned wastewater is the objective of this study. A system of ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Farm digesters for small dairies in Vermont

    THROUGH its award-winning Cow Power program, Central Vermont Public Service (CVPS), a Vermont utility headquartered in the city of Rutland, is helping dairy farmers diversify their incomes by turning manure into electricity. The farmers process manure in anaerobic digesters to generate power, which CVPS customers voluntarily pay a premium to purchase. In addition to income from electricity sales, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Dairy Digester Opens Doors On Maryland Farm

    Kilby Inc., a 600-cow dairy operation located in Colora, Maryland, has the only operational commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) system in the state. In 2009, Kilby Inc. (the dairy farm and milk production business) began construction of a covered lagoon digester, which started operating in March 2011. The digester input consists of flushed cow manure (98% by volume) and food waste (2%), including ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Research highlights cattle emissions reduction opportunity - Case study

    Researchers in Denmark have measured the quantities of greenhouse gases in the breath of dairy cows and demonstrated a heritable variability between individual animals. Researchers in Denmark have measured the quantities of greenhouse gases in the breath of dairy cows and demonstrated a heritable variability between individual animals. “This means that we have an opportunity to select for ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Large scale dairy farmers in need of a solution - Case Study

    Alsafi Danone is one of the largest integrated dairy farms in the world. Controlling fallen stock and bio-security is critical to the upkeep of a healthy productive herd. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Client overview Alsafi Danone, are the largest integrated dairy farm in the world. They first opened in 1979 and have has since expanded to a herd of over ...

  • How farm policy used to work

    In the period between the 1930s and 1992, farm bills generally instituted compensation policies that took the form of price supports. These policies were designed to manage the surplus production that resulted from centuries of developmental policies while allowing U.S. farmers the chance, with hard work and good management skills, to provide their family with a livelihood. Compensation policies ...

  • Renewables Make Progress on Many Fronts: Grass Roots Ethanoll from Field Waste

    Progress in community digesters will bring fresh jobs and local control back to farm country - plus offering answers for global warming. FROM THE MIDWEST where native grasses, field waste and wood chips are fueling new biorefineries that are locally-owned to the Northwest where some 50 million gallons of raw manure are producing electricity and dried bedding, community digesters and on-farm ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Food Residuals on the Farm

    A county agency and a farmer in Vermont have teamed up to collect and compost food residuals and other organics. The Rutland County Solid Waste District (RCSWD), which is responsible for managing MSW for 16 cities and towns, began planning the food residuals composting program in December, 1996 with the Rutland Natural Resource Conservation District, one of 14 districts in Vermont that promotes ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A New Generation of GMOs

    Is synthetic biology on its way to our farms, markets and tables? Thousands of researchers will descend on Boston this fall for an event billed as the world’s largest gathering of synthetic biologists. The field is evolving so rapidly that even scientists working in it  ...


    By Ensia

  • Compost science journal of advocacy and foresight

    SEVERAL months ago, I started on a journey through the pages of Compost Science, beginning with the Spring, 1960 inaugural issue. I was confident that I could whip through the articles and news items in the several hundred issues of the magazine between 1960 and 2009, and be prepared to write this article for BioCycle’s 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition. Granted, there were interruptions, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Catastrophic cost of Foot and Mouth Disease

    Foot and Mouth disease has never completely disappeared. Although it has been almost 20 years since the last major outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease in the UK, which cost the industry more than £8 Billion, it does not mean that the disease is not still a very real risk to the economy. ...

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