crop-based biofuel Articles

  • Yield and breakeven price of ‘Alamo’ switchgrass for biofuels in tennessee

    Research on how land suitability affects yields and breakeven prices for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) grown as a bioenergy crop is lacking for the U.S. Southeast. Data from a 3-yr multilocation experiment at Milan, TN, were analyzed to determine the influence of soil drainage and landscape position on switchgrass yield and farm-gate breakeven price. Plots were seeded in 2004 with ‘Alamo’ at ...

  • USGS Study Points To Biofuel Crop Related Land-Use Change Reducing Honey Bee Habitat

    On August 29, 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a study on the result of land-use changes on North and South Dakota commercial honey bee colonies in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. USGS scientists found that grasslands and other landscape ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Genetic improvement of Sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: II. QTL for stem and leaf structural carbohydrates

    Digestion and fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass (i.e., structural carbohydrates) are predicted to deliver higher yields of energy per hectare than sugar and starch (nonstructural carbohydrates), yet little research on genetic variation in crop feedstock biomass traits has been conducted. We investigated the genetic basis of leaf and stem biomass yield and composition in a population derived ...

  • Jojoba: A Potential Desert Oil Crop

    Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis usually grows to a height of 1-2m and may reach heights of three meters or more under ideal growing conditions. S. chinensis has a normal life span of at least 100 years and may live more than 200 years. Pollination is via wind or insects. The fruit is a green capsule enclosing as many three seeds. When ripe (3-6 months after fertilization) the capsule splits and ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Focus Bioenergy No 4 2004: Energy crops - a resource for development

    Agricultural fuels like energy forest, straw fuels, ley crops, oil crops and grain can be used for heat, electricity or transports and may become an important complement to forest fuels in replacing the fossil fuels. Cultivation of Salix is already commercially viable in Sweden. The future for agricultural fuels depends on many factors: how the EU’s common agricultural policy will develop, how ...


    By Elmia AB

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Economic Feasibility of Sustainable Non-Food Feedstock Based Biodiesel Production: Moringa

    Development of Moringa as a biofuel crop has largely been underway in India, at CJP where scientists have been assessing new crops to support sustainable rural development. CJP is dedicated to the development of oil seed bearing trees - non-food multiple vegetable oil plantation and technologies in order to reduce dependence on fossil fuels, bring greater control and security of fuel supply and ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • No easy transition

    In September 2007, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Laguna, the Philippines, brought together some 41 experts from agricultural research institutes from around the world for three days. They were brought together by the realization that biofuel production had doubled in the previous five years and was likely to double in the next five. While the US and Brazil produced 90% of ...

  • Simulating switchgrass growth and development under potential and water-limiting conditions

    Anticipating a demand for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as a source for biofuel production, a crop simulation model of this crop can be a component of a biofuel decision support system. The objective of this effort was to develop and test a model for switchgrass, based on robust empirical relationships between plant behavior and the environment. The model simulates date of annual growth ...

  • Mitigating climate change through oil palm cultivation

    Oil palm requires 7-11 times less land area than soyabean, rapeseed and sunflower to produce the same amount of oil. Therefore, the use of palm oil for food and biofuel, has saved 97-159 million ha of land from being deforested for cultivation with lower yielding oil crops. This has avoided 27-45 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2-e) emissions. Oil palm also sequesters eight times more CO2 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Harvesting Corn Stover and Soil Quality

    Corn stover, left in fields after corn grain harvest, has been identified as a potential feedstock to help supply biofuel needed to offset a portion of the 14 million barrels of oils consumed daily by the U.S. transportation sector. It was projected to supply 256 million tons of the 1.4 billion tons of biomass (232 million Mg out of 1.3 billion Mg) estimated to be available each year. Corn stover ...

  • Evaluating the environmental benefits of industrial symbiosis: discussion and demonstration of a new approach

    In this study, a computer model that includes a pulp mill, a paper mill, a sawmill and a biofuel upgrading plant, together with the possible energy and material exchanges between them, is used to evaluate the environmental impact of a possible Industrial Symbiosis (IS) arrangement in the forest industry. The method used is called the Method for analysis of INDustrial energy systems (MIND), which ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOE accepting nominations for biomass research and development technical advisory committee

    On July 15, 2015, DOE posted a solicitation notice for candidates for the Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee. According to the notice, DOE is specifically looking for candidates with experience in biobased industrial/commercial products, non-federal government engineers or scientists, academia with expertise in ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Simulation of soil carbon dynamics under sugarcane with the CENTURY model

    Currently there is a trend for the expansion of the area cropped with sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.), driven by an increase in the world demand for biofuels, due to economical, environmental, and geopolitical issues. Although sugarcane is traditionally harvested by burning dried leaves and tops, the unburned, mechanized harvest has been progressively adopted. The use of process based models ...

  • Soil carbon levels in irrigated western corn belt rotations

    Proposals promoting the use of massive amounts of crop residues and other lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production have increased the need for evaluation of the sustainability of cropping practices and their effect on environment quality. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of crop rotation and N fertilizer management and their stover production characteristics on soil organic carbon ...

  • Making use of biotechnology applications in Turkish agriculture: Why is it not yet happening?

    One of the primary challenges for developing countries is to create new opportunities for sustainable economic development through the use of new technologies such as biotechnology. In this context, the use of agricultural biotechnology to produce cheap biofuel made from agricultural crops as well as agricultural waste (cellulose) might have a great potential to promote rural development in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new and multi-functional variety of sugar cane adapted to Spanish conditions

    A drought-resistant variety with 30% more fibre Al Costa, head of the Alkol consultancy, champions the return of sugar-cane growing to Spain as it is a highly versatile raw material for bioenergy and ideal conditions for it exist in many regions of the country. A drought-resistant variety with more fibre More than 80% of the area planted in Spain is taken ...

  • Ethanol from sugar beet in The Netherlands: energy production and efficiency

    Prospects for ethanol production from sugar beet in The Netherlands have been analysed using measured production data from two experimental farms and literature on beet to ethanol conversion. The analyses include beet cultivation and harvesting, transport to the factory, conversion into ethanol and delivery of the ethanol to distribution points. Under the prevailing conditions, ethanol production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOE announces $55 million to fund GENSETS And TERRA programs

    On June 18, 2015, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $55 million in funding for projects to accelerate biomass development and develop generator technologies under the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). The funding will be divided between two of ARPA-E's ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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