crop development monitoring Articles

  • Satellite based drought monitoring and crop yield forecasting in the Sahel region - Case Study

    The Sahelian zone of West Africa is 400 to 800 km high and more than 4000 km wide. It is one of the very large semi-arid zones of the world, and rainfall is both scarce add highly irregular. To mitigate the effects of drought in the Sahel, flexible response polities and mechanisms are required for different production systems, protection measures, and decision making. Unfortunately, quantitative, ...

  • The problems with the arguments against GM crops

    New evidence shows that arguments against GM crops are unfounded, says Margaret Karembu. The year 2013 marked the 18th consecutive year of commercial cultivation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or now commonly referred to as biotech crops. And in just under two decades, the volume of ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Science and development highlights of 2012

    The year was marked by one of the most anticipated global environmental meetings in 20 years: the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The summit was a ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Asia–Pacific Analysis: Plan for growth in biotech crops

    South-East Asian nations should follow the Philippines down the path to biotech crops for food security, argues Crispin Maslog. Since biotechnology-derived crops were introduced in 1996, they have been adopted at an unprecedented rate, according to the 2011 annual report of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) released earlier this year. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Crop protection 2.0: reducing environmental impact in the EU Is it feasible?

    By 2023 all EU member states must be complying with more stringent guidelines related to Integrated Pest Management (IPM). “The essence of the new guideline is reducing the environmental impact of pesticides,” says Piet Boonekamp, manager of the Bio-interactions and Plant Health business unit at Wageningen UR. “In principle this European goal can be achieved, as has been shown ...

  • Brazil: Controlled Composting In Developing Countries

    For more than six years, pilot and large-scale composting experiments have been done at the University of Vicosa in Vicosa, Brazil. We focused on low cost technologies, forced aeration techniques, vector and leachate control, process monitoring, staff training, and technical assistance to farms and city councils. It seems that an unwritten law for solid waste management for developing countries ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • FESA Micro Insurance: Crop insurance reaching every farmer in Africa - Case Study

    The Food Early Solutions for Africa (FESA) project was millenium project aimed at research and development of reliable, low cost drought index insurance based on EARS satellite data products. FESA was completed in 2013 and succeeded by SUM-Africa, which aims to scale up micro-insurance activities in Uganda and Mali. ...

  • Edible flowers greenhouses monitored, controlled with AgroAmitec

    Not far from Tel Aviv Mr. and Mrs. Simon Mizrahi grow edible flowers which they export worldwide. In order to assure high quality and high yields, free of diseases, which is ready for the market on schedule -Mr. Mizrcahi grows his crop in greenhouse that are being monitored and controlled using AGROAMITEC Climate Control which was developed in co-operation with ...


    By Amitec Ltd.

  • Focus on Australia & New Zealand: Composting Developments In Australia And New Zealand

     Composting Developments In Australia And New Zealand An Emerging Industry Takes Shape To deal with the waste stream in Australia and New Zealand, all strategies refer to organics recycling as a “fundamental vehicle for reaching future waste reduction targets,” notes Edmund Horan of RMIT University in Melbourne. “Composting provides a mechanism, not only for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The development of a coupled model (PCPF-SWMS) to simulate water flow and pollutant transport in Japanese paddy fields

    A new coupled model (PCPF–SWMS) was developed for simulating fate and behavior of pollutant in paddy water and paddy soil. The model coupled the PCPF- 1, a lumped model simulating pesticide concentrations in paddy water and 1 cm-surface sediment compartment, and the SWMS-2D, a finite element numerical model solving Richard’s and advection-dispersion equations for solute transport in soil ...


    By Springer

  • Glasshouse hygiene - the importance of staying clean

    The nature of ornamental crops will mean plants are often in production for a long time, which can result in pest and disease carry over; so, it’s crucial that growers employ a rigorous hygiene and disinfection routine between crops. Start clean Starting the season with remnants of inoculum in the glasshouse, means growers are already on the backfoot, as the growing ...


    By Certis UK

  • Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences (GDAAS) - Case Study

    There are 13 research institutes under the GDAAS, including specific foods and crops and fertilizer research. The main mission of the institution is to carry out non-profit research around agricultural science and techniques.  As one of the most important agricultural crops institutions, the Crops Research Institute has been focusing on the development of new varieties of crops, cultivation ...

  • Method for irrigation scheduling based on soil moisture data acquisition

    The water requirements of crops are dependent on evapotranspiration (ET), soil chemistry, and the crop’s maximum allowable depletion (MAD). Direct measurements of root zone soil moisture, water application along with published ET values and soil textures, can be used in a soil water balance model that can significantly optimize irrigation efficiency. Over the past five years, advancements in ...

  • Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from cropland production in the United States, 1990–2004

    Received for publication June 9, 2008. Changes in cropland production and management influence energy consumption and emissions of CO2 from fossil-fuel combustion. A method was developed to calculate on-site and off-site energy and CO2 emissions for cropping practices in the United States at the county scale. Energy consumption and emissions occur on-site from the operation of farm machinery and ...

  • Compost Science & Utilization current research March 2007

    Crop Response Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost Investigators: William F. Brinton and Eric Evans, Woods End Research Laboratory, Inc., Mt. Vernon, Maine Objectives: To determine the quantity of total and water-soluble boron in compost and other sources and their relationship to plant performance and toxicity symptoms; and to establish toxicity thresholds ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What makes farmers try new practices?

    Change is never easy. But when it comes to adopting new agricultural practices, some farmers are easier to convince than others. A group of researchers at the University of Illinois wanted to know which farmers are most likely to adopt multifunctional perennial cropping systems -- trees, shrubs, or grasses that simultaneously benefit the environment and generate high-value products ...


    By ScienceDaily

  • SUM-Africa: Scaling up micro-insurance services in Mali and Uganda - Case Study

    The SUM-Africa project provides low-cost satellite based drought insurance services to smallholder farmers in Mali and Uganda. By teaming up with Planet Guarantee in Mali and Agriculture Reinsurance Consultants in Uganda we aim to use satellite technology to improve food security and financial inclusion in developing countries. ...

  • HCBD uptake into edible plant

    Client: Confidential Location: UK Services: Research and Development, Human Health Risk Assessment Summary: This research programme increased the knowledge base regarding uptake of HCBD, enabling a better understanding of exposures to this compound in the environment During discussions with the public and within ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • The Difficulty of Defining Adaptation Finance

    While working on tracking adaptation finance for our Adaptation Finance Accountability Initiative project, we often get the question “What is adaptation finance?” or “What counts as adaptation finance?” To our embarrassment, we ...

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