crop production Articles

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • From electronic noses to invasive bees, 15 surprising trends for 2017

    What should we be thinking about when we think about the future of biodiversity, conservation and the environment? An international team of experts in horizon scanning, science communication and conservation recently asked that question as participants in the eighth annual Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for ...


    By Ensia

  • Vermicompost production and its use for crop production in the Philippines

    Vermicompost was produced with Perionyx excavatus and Eudrilus eugeniae using animal manures, leguminous leaves, grass and agro-forestry wastes. Yields of corn fertilised with vermicompost at 5t/ha and rice at 2t/ha of vermicompost were comparable with those for corn fertilised with 100% chemical fertilisers and 40% increase over the control for rice. Chinese cabbage and eggplant fertilised with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Changing climate changes soils

    Varied predictions for soil organic matter as climate changes The hottest months. The snowiest winters. Catastrophic floods and droughts. Climate change impacts lives across the world in drastic and unpredictable ways. This unpredictability also extends to the more subtle – yet still important – effects of climate change. For example, it is ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Growth analysis of biomass production in sole-crop and double-crop corn systems

    Increased biomass productivity could be achieved through double-cropping if extended growth duration could be realized with minimal reductions in growth efficiency relative to sole-cropping. To test this hypothesis, functional growth analysis was used to assess the relative importance of photosynthetic duration and efficiency in determining biomass production by sole-crop corn (Zea mays L.; SC) ...

  • Crop productivity and economics during the transition to alternative cropping systems

    Many environmental benefits accrue from reducing tillage and increasing crop diversity; however, economic factors often encourage the continued use of intensive tillage and specialized crop production. This study examined crop yields, input costs, and economic returns during the transition to a range of cropping system alternatives in the northern Corn Belt region, including different system ...

  • Productivity and nutrient dynamics in bioenergy double-cropping systems

    Double-crop systems have the potential to generate additional feedstocks for bioenergy and livestock utilization, and also to reduce NO3–N leaching relative to sole-crop systems. Field studies were conducted near Ames, IA, during 2005–2007 to evaluate productivity and crop and soil nutrient dynamics in three prototypical bioenergy double-crop systems, and in a conventionally managed sole-crop ...

  • Cover crop and nitrogen effects on maize productivity in no-Tillage Systems of the Brazilian cerrados

    Cover crops in direct seeding mulch-based cropping (DMC) systems can be an effective tool to optimize N management for crop production in the Brazilian cerrados. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of four cover crops on maize (Zea mays L.) grain yields in two fields that had been under DMC for 3 and 14 yr. We hypothesized that cover crops would optimize N supply to the maize ...

  • The income and production effects of biotech crops globally 1996–2009

    This paper provides an assessment of the economic impact at the farm level of agricultural biotechnology on global agriculture. It examines the economic impacts on yields, key costs of production, direct farm income, indirect (non-pecuniary) farm level income effects and impacts on the production base of the four main crops of soybeans, corn, cotton and canola. The analysis shows that there have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land application of sugar beet by-products: effects on Nitrogen mineralization and crop yields

    Land application of food processing wastes has become an acceptable practice because of the nutrient value of the wastes and potential cost savings in their disposal. Spoiled beets and pulp are among the main by-products generated by the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) processing industry. Farmers commonly land apply these by-products at rates >224 Mg ha–1 on a fresh weight basis. However, ...

  • In-situ soil moisture conservation: utilisation and management of rainwater for crop production

    The salient results of in-situ soil water conservation technologies that have been found suitable for increasing soil moisture in the arid and semiarid lands of eastern Kenya are reviewed. The results showed that Zai pits, tumbukiza and deep tillage when used together with soil fertility improvement can increase crop yields by 4–10 times in comparison to conventionally ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of trends in area, production and yield of important crops of India

    Information related to trends in different crops can aid the policy makers in recommending policies leading to sustainable increase in the food production. The present study was aimed at analyzing the trends in area, production and yield of important ...

  • Rotary batch blender mixes biological products that boost farm crops

    Agriculture has never been more challenging and fertility efficiency tools, such as inoculants, more important. Modern farmers rely on technology and production practices to significantly increase the yield of their food crops. Biological products like inoculants are a vital part of that strategy. Novozymes Biologicals is an industry leader in developing and manufacturing inoculants, which are a ...

  • Cover Crop and nitrogen effects on maize productivity in no-tillage systems of the Brazilian Cerrados

    Cover crops in direct seeding mulch-based cropping (DMC) systems can be an effective tool to optimize N management for crop production in the Brazilian cerrados. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of four cover crops on maize (Zea mays L.) grain yields in two fields that had been under DMC for 3 and 14 yr. We hypothesized that cover crops would optimize N supply to the maize ...

  • Summer cover crop and management system affect lettuce and cantaloupe production system

    Cover crops are widely used in both conventional and organic systems to protect and improve the soil. This study evaluated the effect of summer cover crop and management system on the production of fall romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and spring cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) from 1999 to 2003. Cover crop treatments included cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] incorporated (CPI), cowpea used ...

  • The income and production effects of biotech crops globally 1996-2009

    This paper provides an assessment of the economic impact at the farm level of agricultural biotechnology on global agriculture. It examines the economic impacts on yields, key costs of production, direct farm income, indirect (non-pecuniary) farm level income effects and impacts on the production base of the four main crops of soybeans, corn, cotton and canola. The analysis shows that there have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of public health hazard potential of wastewater reuse in crop production

    The potential health hazard due to the utilisation of wastewater for vegetable cultivation in the agricultural fields of Titagarh was assessed. The mean concentrations of Pb, Ni and Cu in the irrigation water and the mean Cd content in soil were above the recommended levels. The mean Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr and Ni contents of the vegetables were found to be above the Indian safety limits. The faecal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Crop response to rotation and tillage in peanut-based cropping systems

    Production of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in reduced tillage systems has increased in the United States during the past decade. However, interactions of tillage system and crop rotation have not been thoroughly investigated for large-seeded, Virginia market type peanut. Research was conducted at two locations in North Carolina during 1999 to 2006 to compare yield of corn (Zea mays L.), cotton ...

  • A call to conserve crops’ wild cousins

    Wild cousins aren’t always appreciated at family gatherings. But when it comes to crops, the opposite is often true: Plant breeding has historically relied on genes from plants growing in the wild as a source of diversity that can be introduced into crop plants to produce new crop varieties that are more resilient, nutritious and productive than those currently cultivated. As human ...


    By Ensia

  • Manure Compost A New Cash Crop

    A growing number of livestock producers are discovering manure compost as a new cash crop. When Mark Meyer refers to the “magic” at New Day Farms, he isn’t referring  to  the  liquid  egg  products  generated  by more than 2.5 million laying hens. Rather, Meyer, the environmental manager  at the Ohio facility, is talking about the ...

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