crop stress tolerance Articles

  • Enhanced tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses in transgenic Alfalfa accumulating trehalose

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important forage crop in many countries with high biomass production and the third-most-cultivated crop in the United States, with high protein content and potential use as biofuel. Here we describe the use of a chimeric translational fusion of yeast trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (EC 2.4.1.15) and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.12) genes to ...

  • Development of drought-tolerant canola (Brassica napus L.) Through genetic modulation of ABA-mediated stomatal responses

    Canola is one of the most important oilseed crops, and its seed yield and quality are significantly affected by environmental stresses such as drought. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is induced by drought and triggers stomatal closure to reduce transpiration, which accounts for >90% of water loss in plants. The ABA-mediated stomatal response is a dosage-dependent process that can be ...

  • Measurement of photosynthetic performance in crop plants under South African climatic conditions

    A key objective of the research conducted by Dr Riekert van Heerden (riekert.vanheerden@nwu.ac.za) at North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa and Drs Kobie de Ronde (and team members) and Joseph Asiwe at the Agricultural Research Council (ARC–Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute & ARC–Grain Crop Institute) is to increase the production of crops important for the ...


    By PP Systems

  • Field of genes: Uncovering EGRINs (Environmental Gene Regulatory Influence Networks) in Rice that Function During High-temperature and Drought Stress

    Heat and drought stress greatly restrict crop productivity, but most of what we know about a plant’s response to these stresses comes from controlled laboratory studies. This factor, along with the complex nature of these responses, has hampered efforts to breed and engineer crops with improved stress tolerance. Plants respond to fluctuating environments through the altered expression of ...


    By H Smith Plastics LTD

  • Mutagenesis, selection, and allelic analysis of epicuticular wax mutants in sorghum

    Epicuticular wax forms an outer coating on the aerial surfaces of many crop plants and is implicated in tolerance to several environmental stresses including drought. Advances in knowledge of biosynthesis and secretion of these leaf surface waxes could lead to improvements in crop-stress tolerance. To study the genetics of epicuticular wax deposition, we screened for bloomless (bm) and ...

  • Agricultural innovation and biotechnology development towards sustainable goals: can we make it more pro-poor?

    Agriculture continues to change – driven by innovation and new technology. Genetics and breeding have revolutionised agricultural systems, and the 'Green Revolution', based on higher yielding varieties of dwarf wheat and rice, is arguably the greatest achievement in food crop development. Gene technologies now offer additional opportunities, where new traits improving crop protection ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mining and harnessing natural variation: A little magic

    The success of a breeding program depends on having adequate diversity in the germplasm. However, as advanced breeding stocks and materials are generated, one casualty is the diversity itself. As a result, breeding programs in many crop species have reached a point of diminishing returns and it is feared that unless new diversity is infused into the breeding germplasm, we face catastrophic ...

  • Cross inoculation studies: Response of Vigna mungo to inoculation with rhizobia from tree legumes growing under arid environment

    Cross-inoculation experiments were conducted in the greenhouse to test the rhizobia isolated from nodules of seven tree legumes for their effectiveness in Vigna mungo plants. The tree legumes included Albizia lebbeck, Dalbergia sissoo, Leucaena leucocephala, Pithecellobium dulce, Prosopis cineraria, Prosopis glandulosa and Prosopis juliflora, all growing under arid environment. Rhizobia from ...

  • Grain sorghum and corn comparisons: yield, economic, and environmental responses

    Grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is often grown where water stress is expected. But, improved drought tolerance in corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids has resulted in increased dryland corn production in preference to grain sorghum. However, grain sorghum may still have a yield advantage over corn in drought prone environments. This study was conducted to determine if grain sorghum has either a ...

  • Response of bt and near-isoline corn hybrids to plant density

    Transgenic Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids with resistance to corn rootworm (CRW; Diabrotica spp.) or European corn borer [ECB; Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner)] can have greater tolerance to water and nutrient stress, and thus may have higher optimum plant densities. Experiments were conducted following soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] over nine site-years in Illinois to ...

  • How to create resilient agriculture

    Durable food security and agricultural growth depend on development strategies with resilience built in from the start, says Gordon Conway. Economic growth with resilience to environmental threats will be central to the agenda of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in June this year, which aims to map out a pathway of sustainable development for the planet. ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2016

    Sector Consultation The Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association partnered with Vineland to host a research strategy workshop in November 2014 with the goal of defining the top five research priorities for each crop group. Grower organizations were invited to nominate two representatives to participate on their behalf and a number of researchers from relevant fields were invited to ...

  • A New Generation of GMOs

    Is synthetic biology on its way to our farms, markets and tables? Thousands of researchers will descend on Boston this fall for an event billed as the world’s largest gathering of synthetic biologists. The field is evolving so rapidly that even scientists working in it  ...


    By Ensia

  • Food sustainability: Key resources

    From contentious hunger estimates to trends in agriculture, Zareen Pervez Bharucha outlines a range of resources. Hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity The website of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations is a key resource and offers access to several reports on hunger and ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • One Year Later · Persistent Herbicides in Compost

    ONE YEAR has passed since the Washington State University (WSU) composting facility and the Spokane Regional Compost Facility discovered traces of persistent herbicides in their composts. In Spokane, the source of contamination is a compound called clopyralid. Compost contamination at WSU initially involved the herbicide picloram, but clopyralid has since been detected in the compost also. In ...


  • Learning from past civilizations

    To understand our current environmental dilemma, it helps to look at earlier civilizations that also got into environmental trouble. Our early twenty-first century civilization is not the first to face the prospect of environmentally induced economic decline. The question is how we will respond. As Jared Diamond points out in his book Collapse, some of the early societies that were in ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Impact of Agri-environment measures

    The application of agri-environment contracts concerning 1 farmer in every 7 and delivering environmental services over 20% of European farmland, marks a very significant step towards sustainability. The target set in the 5th Environmental Action Programme of 15% coverage by 2000 has thus already been exceeded. The requirement on Member States to apply the regulation throughout their territories ...

  • California Vineyard Finds Large Role for Compost

    Untitled Document I CAME to Robert Sinskey Vineyards (RSV) with experience in both small and large-scale wine-grape farming, all of it in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What’s Happening to the Birds?

    Following in Rachel Carson’s footsteps, a new generation of scientists investigates a new generation of pesticides. Christy Morrissey is driving her white pickup truck along Canada’s endless prairie highway, windows open, listening for birds. She points to the scatter of ponds glinting in the landscape, nestled among fields of canola that stretch as far as the eye ...


    By Ensia

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