crop temperature measurement Articles

  • Sprinkler irrigation changes maize canopy microclimate and crop water status, transpiration, and temperature

    During a sprinkler irrigation event some water is lost due to wind drift and evaporation (WDEL). After the irrigation event, plant-intercepted water is lost due to evaporation. The water lost causes microclimatic changes which could result in positive or negative plant physiological changes. We studied the microclimatic and physiological changes on two fields grown with maize (Zea mays L.) ...

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Prediction of daily crop reference evapotranspiration (ET0) values through a least-squares support vector machine model

    Real-time prediction of daily reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is the basis for estimating crop evapotranspiration and for computing crop irrigation requirements. In recent years, least-squares support vector machines (LSSVMs) have been applied for forecasting in many fields of engineering. In this paper, LSSVMs are applied to forecast ET0 using public weather forecasting data (minimum and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stevens Water and US Farm Bill Helps Farmers Optimize Crop Irrigation & Fertilization

    Agriculture is a major element for survival of the human race and of the economic system. 42 percent of the world’s laborers are employed in agriculture, making it by far the most common occupation. With agriculture using approximately 60 percent of available fresh water withdrawals, concerns continue to grow over farmers implementing water conservation practices. Also, increasing contamination ...

  • Interactive effects of landscape position and time of application on the response of spring wheat to fall-banded urea

    The objective of this experiment was to quantify the effect of landscape position and time of application on the agronomic efficiency of fall-banded urea [CO(NH2)2] for spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in the eastern prairie region of Canada. Landscape positions in this experiment were defined as high and low based on their relative elevations to one another within the field. Fertilizer ...

  • Quantifying vapor drift of dicamba herbicides applied to soybean

    Recent advances in biotechnology have produced cultivars of corn, soybean, and cotton resistant to the synthetic‐auxin herbicide dicamba. This technology will allow dicamba herbicides to be applied in new crops, at new periods in the growing season, and over greatly expanded areas, including postemergence applications in soybean. From past and current use in corn and small grains, dicamba vapor ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Methane flux in cropland and adjacent riparian buffers with different vegetation covers

    Received for publication September 12, 2008. While water quality functions of conservation buffers established adjacent to cropped fields have been widely documented, the relative contribution of these re-established perennial plant systems to greenhouse gases has not been completely documented. In the case of methane (CH4), these systems have the potential to serve as sinks of CH4 or may provide ...

  • Easter Freeze of 2007: analysis by the National Climatic Data Center

    Unseasonably warm weather in March 2007 over the eastern half of the United States prompted early growth of many agricultural and horticultural crops, ranging from wheat in the Central Plains to fruit trees and pastures across the Southeast and parts of the Midwest. March monthly temperatures averaged between 2 and 6°F above normal in these areas, and this was the second warmest March on record ...

  • Tillage effects on soil carbon balance in a semiarid agroecosystem

    Tillage systems may affect soil C sequestration, with a potential impact on crop productivity or organic matter mineralization. We evaluated crop yield, C inputs to the soil, and in situ CO2–C fluxes under no-till and conventional tillage (disk tillage) during the 3- to 6-yr period from the installation of an experiment in an Entic Haplustoll of the Semiarid Pampean Region of Argentina to ...

  • How to grow more food with less water

    Scientists and farmers collaborate on a quest for more efficient irrigation This story was co-published with Civil Eats, a daily news source for critical thought about the American food system. From reading the weather to choosing a ...


    By Ensia

  • Evaluation of climate change impacts and adaptation strategies for maize cultivation in the Himalayan foothills of India

    This study evaluates the impacts of climate change on rainfed maize (Zea mays) yield and evaluates different agro-adaptation measures to counteract its negative impacts at Sikkim, a Himalayan state of India. Future climate scenarios for the 10 years centered on 2025, 2055 and 2085 were obtained by downscaling the outputs of the HadCM3 General Circulation Model (GCM) under for A2 and B2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lessons learned from potato growers down-under

    Andy Alexander, specialist potato consultant and agronomist, has provided advice across the UK and Australia for over 35 years, and has travelled to the southern continent over 17 times. He explains how adapting to change in a volatile climate has been key to success for growers in Australia, and what lessons UK growers can take from this. “My role is to provide business ...


    By Certis UK

  • India needs micro-level data for climate action

    India needs micro-level scientific assessment at the state, district and village levels for effective planning and implementation of measures to combat climate change, a national workshop has highlighted. The workshop on climate-resilient ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Wireless Greenhouse Monitoring and Control

    CAS DataLoggers Provides the Intelligent Automated Solution A fruit crop experiment station needed to remotely monitor and control its climate systems in a number of greenhouses.  The proposed system needed to monitor soil moisture content and temperature and actively control irrigation and airflow by opening and closing windows to ensure that the appropriate temperature was ...


    By CAS DATALOGGERS

  • Could food shortages bring down civilization?

    One of the toughest things for people to do is to anticipate sudden change. Typically we project the future by extrapolating from trends in the past. Much of the time this approach works well. But sometimes it fails spectacularly, and people are simply blindsided by events such as today’s economic crisis. For most of us, the idea that civilization itself could disintegrate probably seems ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2016

    Sector Consultation The Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association partnered with Vineland to host a research strategy workshop in November 2014 with the goal of defining the top five research priorities for each crop group. Grower organizations were invited to nominate two representatives to participate on their behalf and a number of researchers from relevant fields were invited to ...

  • Salmon aquaculture could incorporate seaweed and sea urchins to reduce nitrogen enrichment

    Farming fish together with seaweed and other species could help improve the sustainability of aquaculture and reduce pollution. A new study provides a tool for designing sustainable fish farming systems and calculates their potential to recycle waste. An example of a salmon farming system incorporating seaweed and sea urchins could reduce nitrogen releases to the environment by 45%. Over half of ...

  • Analysis of Selected Herbicides And Related Metabolites in a Coastal Lagoon Under The Influence of Water Runoff: Sediment and Biota

    Coastal lagoons are subjected to strong anthropogenic pressures as a consequence of their location between Land and Sea. Among other contaminants, they are receiving high nutrient loadings and pesticides, mainly of agricultural origin, from heavily exploited watersheds. Since the number of chemicals released into the water systems is high, there is a need to classify them and the associated risk, ...


  • The complex nature of GMOs calls for a new conversation

    An honest discussion of genetically modified organisms must move beyond narrow concepts of human health to the wider social and environmental impacts of engineered crops. The GMO debate is one from which I’ve kept a purposeful distance. For one thing, it’s an issue that has already garnered more than its fair share of attention. For another, when you consider that many ...


    By Ensia

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