crop water monitoring Articles

  • Satellite based drought monitoring and crop yield forecasting in the Sahel region - Case Study

    The Sahelian zone of West Africa is 400 to 800 km high and more than 4000 km wide. It is one of the very large semi-arid zones of the world, and rainfall is both scarce add highly irregular. To mitigate the effects of drought in the Sahel, flexible response polities and mechanisms are required for different production systems, protection measures, and decision making. Unfortunately, quantitative, ...

  • Emissions from Crops - POST Note

    Agriculture contributes 9% of the UK’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions burden and 10-12% globally. Although there is a long-term declining trend from UK agriculture, the sector may account for a larger share of overall emissions in the future as other sectors reduce emissions. This POSTnote focuses on reducing GHG emissions from growing and storing arable and horticultural crops. ...


    By UK Parliament

  • Studying the Effect of Global Warming on Tropical Crops

    Researchers have long been using impact studies to study the effects of climate change on cocoa growth. These studies mimic conditions predicted at the end of the century1 such as higher levels of drought and higher levels of atmospheric CO2. Studies have shown that increased levels of CO2 may help offset the negative effects of reduced water availability on the ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • Prevent harmful conditions from damaging crops with sensor alerts

    Your algae monitoring and control system is all set up, humming along efficiently, and the algae is growing well. Your solenoids are controlling the CO2 input so that your pH is always on target. Coolers (or heaters) are controlling your temperature. Maybe you even have automatic harvesting based on the density of your algae. But what happens if one of the devices breaks down? Pumps, valves, ...


    By Algae Lab Systems

  • Crop protection 2.0: reducing environmental impact in the EU Is it feasible?

    By 2023 all EU member states must be complying with more stringent guidelines related to Integrated Pest Management (IPM). “The essence of the new guideline is reducing the environmental impact of pesticides,” says Piet Boonekamp, manager of the Bio-interactions and Plant Health business unit at Wageningen UR. “In principle this European goal can be achieved, as has been shown ...

  • Spectral Reflectance Properties of Winter Cover Crops in the Southeastern Coastal Plain

    Conservation tillage is a commonly adopted best management practice for reducing runoff and erosion, and increasing infiltration. Yet current methodologies in place to monitor conservation tillage adoption are largely inappropriate for regional or national assessments. A major goal of this study was to evaluate the spectral response properties of four alternative winter cover crops using remotely ...

  • Brassica cover crops for Nitrogen retention in the mid-Atlantic coastal plain

    Received for publication February 5, 2008. Brassica cover crops are new to the mid-Atlantic region, and limited information is available on their N uptake capabilities for effective N conservation. Forage radish (Raphanus sativus L. cv. Daikon), oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus L. cv. Adagio), and rape (Brassica napus L. cv. Dwarf Essex) were compared with rye (Secale cereale L. cv. Wheeler), a ...

  • Quantitative microbial risk assessment applied to irrigation of salad crops with waste stabilization pond effluents

    A quantitative microbial risk assessment model for estimating infection risks arising from consuming crops eaten raw that have been irrigated with effluents from stabilization ponds was constructed. A log-normal probability distribution function was fitted to a large database from a comprehensive monitoring of an experimental pond system to account for variability in Escherichia coli ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-temporal variation in water consumption of summer maize as determined by the Water Transformation Dynamical Processes Experimental Device

    A better understanding of the multi-temporal variation in evapotranspiration (ET) at different crop growth stages is the key for determining a reasonable irrigation schedule. In this study, a new device known as ‘Water Transformation Dynamical Processes Experimental Device’ (WTDPED) was used to monitor ET for maize under controlled environmental and groundwater conditions, and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project

    Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have ...


    By Senix Corporation

  • Effects of drip irrigation promotion policies on water use and irrigation costs in Valencia, Spain

    The aim of this study is to conduct an ex post analysis of the generalized implementation of drip irrigation in the last two decades in the Valencia Region (Spain). Due to the important role played by water users' associations (WUAs) in this socio-technological change in the region, this research was based on 77 interviews with different WUAs that provided information prior and subsequent to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil and Water Benefits: Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms

     Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms Jeff and Pam Riesgraf — who manage a certified organic dairy and crop operation near Jordan, Minnesota — began composting manure from their dairy herd in 1993. They had two major objectives. First, they wanted to reduce weed seeds naturally present in manure. At the same time, they understood the need to protect water quality by ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The development of a coupled model (PCPF-SWMS) to simulate water flow and pollutant transport in Japanese paddy fields

    A new coupled model (PCPF–SWMS) was developed for simulating fate and behavior of pollutant in paddy water and paddy soil. The model coupled the PCPF- 1, a lumped model simulating pesticide concentrations in paddy water and 1 cm-surface sediment compartment, and the SWMS-2D, a finite element numerical model solving Richard’s and advection-dispersion equations for solute transport in soil ...


    By Springer

  • From (cyber)space to ground: new technologies for smart farming

    Increased water demand and climate change impacts have recently enhanced the need to improve water resources management, even in those areas which traditionally have an abundant supply of water, such as the Po Valley in northern Italy. The highest consumption of water is devoted to irrigation for agricultural production, and so it is in this area that efforts have to be focused to study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of wastewater irrigation on soil properties and turfgrass growth

    Reuse of treated wastewater for turf irrigation is often viewed as one way to maximize existing urban water resources. The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of treated wastewater for turfgrass and assess the effects of continuous use of treated water on the soil and crop. Two turfgrass plots irrigated with drinking water and treated wastewater were monitored over a two-year ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Subsurface drip and overhead irrigation: a comparison of plant boll distribution in upland cotton

    Although subsurface drip (SSD) is used as a water-efficient alternative to overhead irrigation in many crops, the effects of SSD on the distribution of bolls on cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.) have not been thoroughly examined. The purpose of this study was to add to the current knowledge about the effects of SSD on cotton yield dynamics. Cultivar DP 488 BG/RR was grown in three studies ...

  • High Technology that Revolutionized Farming

    How are we going to feed the growing population by 2050? How we are going to double our food supply and how will the farming be sustainable? All the answers involve farm technology. Farm technology creates the ability to grow plants that are disease resistant, to use the equipment that can target individual crops and strengthen the rice that can survive drought and flooding and literally save ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Corn, a Vital Staple Food in Africa

    Africa contributes the least to global warming than any other continent. However, it suffers greatly from some of the more serious impacts of climate changes. The statistics are shocking: Africa emits roughly 4% of greenhouse gas emissions, while the United States emits 23% of the total global greenhouse gasses. Unfortunately, along with Asia, Africa is the region where crop production is the ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Fate of indicator microorganisms under nutrient management plan conditions

    Nutrient management plans (NMPs) for application of wastewater from concentrated animal feeding operations are designed to meet crop water and nutrient requirements, but implicitly assume that pathogenic microorganisms in the wastewater will be retained and die-off in the root zone. A NMP was implemented on a field plot to test this assumption by monitoring the fate of several fecal indicator ...

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