dairy economics Articles

  • Farm digesters for small dairies in Vermont

    THROUGH its award-winning Cow Power program, Central Vermont Public Service (CVPS), a Vermont utility headquartered in the city of Rutland, is helping dairy farmers diversify their incomes by turning manure into electricity. The farmers process manure in anaerobic digesters to generate power, which CVPS customers voluntarily pay a premium to purchase. In addition to income from electricity sales, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Californias Dairies have more anaerobic funds

    Producers must be able to sell excess electricity and have markets for that power if projects are to be viable, says the CEO of Western United Resource Development. APPLICATIONS are now available for funding construction of anaerobic digestion systems on California dairies. The California Energy Commission has funds of $2.3 million provided through the Dairy Power Production Program (DPPP). To ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Reuse of dairy lagoon wastewater through SDI in forage crops

    Abstract California has become the leading dairy products producing state in the USA. This has resulted in farms commonly milking several thousand cows per day. The care and feeding of the animals has produced large waste streams commonly collected and stored in lagoons. Environmentally safe handling and reuse of the lagooned wastewater is the objective of this study. A system of ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Operationalising eco-efficiency in agriculture: the example of specialised dairy farms in Flanders

    Eco-efficiencies of a representative set of Flemish dairy farms were determined for the years 19891990 and 20002001. Eco-efficiency was measured as a combination of nitrogen (N) use efficiency and energy use efficiency, where N use efficiency (l milk kg-1 N surplus) is the ratio between the amount of produced milk and the farm-gate N surplus (= N input − N output). Energy use efficiency (l milk ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental input–output analysis of the New Zealand dairy industry

    This work presents data and analysis quantifying the total (direct and indirect) resource use and outputs (products and pollutants) of the New Zealand dairy industry for the year April 1997 to March 1998. It also identifies those sectors supplying the dairy industry which make significant indirect contributions to its total inputs and outputs. Although this data is 14 years old, it is the only ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cost-Benefit Analyses: Exploring the Economics of On-Farm Composting

    When exploring the merits of on-farm composting, the question most often raised is: What are the economics? How do the savings or revenues from on-farm composting compare to the costs? Of course, the answer is the ever present “it depends.” Expenses, resources, revenue opportunities, environmental constraints and circumstances vary greatly from one farm to the next. Most people would agree that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmental and Economic Perspectives of Milk Production in Feedlot and Grazing Systems

    Abstract Dairy production systems involve large inputs and large outputs. In environmental and economic terms, this means dairying is potentially a large consumer of natural resources and a generator of large amounts of pollutants and waste as green house gases (GHG) and manure. To ensure a sustainable milk production system; it becomes important to understand the environmental and ...


    By IFCN dairy research center

  • Zone tillage depth affects yield and economics of corn silage production

    Increasing numbers of dairies in northeastern United States are classified as confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Many dairy farmers in New York (NY) abandoned conventional and adopted zone tillage (ZT) in 4-yr corn (Zea mays L.) silage-alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) rotations on highly erodible land to comply with NY CAFO plans. Farmers now question optimum ZT depth because of increased ...

  • Zone tillage depth affects yield and economics of corn silage production

    Increasing numbers of dairies in northeastern United States are classified as confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Many dairy farmers in New York (NY) abandoned conventional and adopted zone tillage (ZT) in 4-yr corn (Zea mays L.) silage-alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) rotations on highly erodible land to comply with NY CAFO plans. Farmers now question optimum ZT depth because of increased ...

  • Farm digester progress in Pennsylvania

    The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is home to about 7,000 dairy farms with an average herd size of less than 100 cows. While nutrient and odor management are of great importance to these farms, their overall economic viability appears to be the primary factor driving installation of anaerobic digesters over the past few years. “Pennsylvania has 30 dairy digesters and about 5 swine digesters ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Air emissions of ammonia and methane from livestock operations: Valuation and policy options

    The animal husbandry industry is a major emitter of ammonia (NH3), which is a precursor of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) —arguably, the number-one environment-related public health threat facing the nation. The industry is also a major emitter of methane (CH4), which is an important greenhouse gas (GHG). We present an integrated process model of the engineering economics of technologies to ...

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Livestock development and poverty alleviation: revolution or evolution for upland livelihoods in Lao PDR?

    Livestock play a key role in the lives of poor, rural people in developing countries, providing a major proportion of their cash income, capital assets, draught power, fuel and fertilizer. Rapid growth in demand for meat and dairy products in Asia presents both opportunities and challenges for livestock development and poverty alleviation. This paper explores the potential of livestock ...

  • Bloat reduction potential of an Alfalfa cultivar selected for low initial Ruminal disappearance

    Foamy bloat causes large economic losses in beef and dairy grazing systems based on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Dry matter (DM) disappearance at initial stages of rumen fermentation is associated with bloat. The National Institute for Agricultural Technology, Argentina, developed a cultivar of alfalfa (Carmina) with low initial ruminal DM disappearance (LIRD). To study the bloat reduction ...

  • Is Energy Efficiency the correct path to a lower carbon economy?

    European researchers have identified a new “fuel” that by 2030 will be more important than oil. It’s called energy efficiency − the drive to get more bang from each buck spent on power. If the European Union member states adopt a 40% energy efficiency target, the sum of energy ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Brewer's Grain - Case Study

    Brewer's grain is a vegetable residue from the production of beer and other malt beverages. The material has a high nutritional value and is a popular feed supplement for livestock. Dairy farmers consider brewer's grain to be a highly palatable and absorptive feedstock that helps stimulate milk production. However, due to the high moisture content, fresh brewer's grain has a very short shelf ...


    By Flexus Balasystem AB

  • Whey milk - recovery of proteic substances

    The Client A Portoguese cheese factory producing a wide range of dairy products for the National market. The Challenge According to the type of dairy production, the curdling process produces an amount of whey equivalent to about 85-90% of the volume of transformed milk. The whey characteristics, which also determine its economic value, are strictly ...

  • Farm digester evolution in Vermont

    In the fall of 2012, Brian Jones of Joneslan Farm in Hyde Park, Vermont spread the first load of manure that had gone through the farm’s new anaerobic digester. “It didn’t smell at all,” recalls Jones. “And we’ve been told that the nitrogen in the digested manure is more available to the plants we grow.” When the Joneslan Farm digester went on line in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Progress in Anaerobic Digestion

    Compared to countries like Germany and Denmark, the United States and Canada have a long way to go in creating the fundamental policy incentives and regulatory mandates that will encourage market development for anaerobic digestion (AD). Someone recently asked me how many years it would take to deploy AD systems on farms in North America that are large enough to economically use them. Given ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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