dairy flooring Articles

  • Effects of reducing dietary nitrogen on ammonia emissions from manure on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall dairy barn at low (0–20°C) temperatures

    Received for publication December 30, 2008. This study was conducted to determine the potential for reducing ammonia (NH3) emissions from manure deposited on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall barn by mid-lactation dairy cows fed reduced or normal N diets. Two crude protein (CP) diets (178 g kg–1 [high] and 159 g kg–1 [low] dry matter ), were used. The diets were fed to 48 Holstein ...

  • Huxley hutterite brethren colony case study

    A. Farm Description Barn Type: 80 stall free stall barn with saw dust on floor. Manure Handling: Barn houses 80 cows over 8 pits, each 7 feet deep and 12 feet wide. Manure is stored under the slatted floor for 6 months and then agitated and pumped out. B. The Problems: As the pits are pumped ammonia levels rise significantly resulting in problems for barn staff ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Industry Takes Shape: Why Digesters Make Dollar Sense Now

     THIRTY years ago, when I was a college student studying ways to convert manure to electricity, we speculated that the 1970s would be the decade of the innovators, the 1980s for the launch of operating projects, and the 1990s when the mainstream adopted the technology. Now I think our predictions for the mainstream were ten to 15 years premature — but it is happening! During the 1990s, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum : Compost Research On Wisconsin Organic Farm

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Preconsumer Collection : Composting Food Service Scraps at Resort

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Affordable new compost technology provides in-vessel levels of gas emission and odor control

    Increasingly stringent air-emission regulations and demands to better control odors has put an economic strain on industries that recycle large amounts of organic materials, such as compost facilities, dairies, and feedlots. ECS has recently introduced an affordable composting technology to greatly improve facility compliance and odor control. This technology is the AC Composter. Air Quality ...

  • Composting Food Residuals on the Farm

    A county agency and a farmer in Vermont have teamed up to collect and compost food residuals and other organics. The Rutland County Solid Waste District (RCSWD), which is responsible for managing MSW for 16 cities and towns, began planning the food residuals composting program in December, 1996 with the Rutland Natural Resource Conservation District, one of 14 districts in Vermont that promotes ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Aerobic Composting 101

    If you have recently purchased a compost tumbler bin, let me be the first to say congratulations! You’ve just taken the first step toward aerobic composting. What is aerobic composting, you ask, and why is it so great? In this article, we’ll explain how aerobic composting works and what you need to do to get started. There are two main types of composting, aerobic and anaerobic. ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Compost integral in new website in building soil

    A website called “BuildingSoil” has been launched by the Washington Organic Recycling Council to help builders preserve healthy soil on building sites. It's the latest Soils for Salmon project which aims to change standard site development practices. These new “soil best management practices” will soon be required by local governments around western Washington, as they update local codes to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What`s New - In-Vessel Composting

    IF YOU are considering some sort of enclosed vessel for composting food residuals, yard trimmings, biosolids, manure, animal mortalities or other waste streams, there is no shortage of options to consider. Domestic and international technology providers offer agitated and nonagitated enclosed systems, as well as rigid and nonrigid containment. Unlike some of the other equipment categories in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting

    Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting This overview of systems and operational projects describes factors which contribute to their success as well as the challenges that have forced sites to close. Many different approaches are being used to process large volumes of organic residuals with earthworms, ranging from relatively simple land and labor-intensive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Logistics of composting urban yard trimmings

    GROVER Landscape Services, Inc. operates several composting facilities in northern California. Its site in Vernalis receives yard trimmings and food waste from various communities around the San Francisco Bay area, between 70 and 100 miles to the east. These include the City of Berkeley, portions of Alameda County, City of San Francisco, City of Livermore and others. Materials also arrive from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Food Waste Composting Progress In The Southeast

    Communities all over the Southeast are exploring program options to reach recycling goals set as high as 75 percent in some states. Many now have organics recycling — including food waste collection and composting — on their radar to increase existing recycling rates, especially once the capture of “low-hanging fruit” such as newspaper, plastic and aluminum, etc. is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Financing an anaerobic digester

    LENDERS are generally well disposed to projects that diversify revenues while lowering costs and mitigating risks. Add a ready source of equity and you are well on the way toward financing a project that is a win-win proposition for the lender and the project developer. Such is the case with the anaerobic digester project at Geerlings Hillside Farm (GHF). The Geerlings's 8,000-head hog farm is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Mixed MSW composting in transition

    WITHOUT a doubt, composting the mixed municipal solid waste stream is a “niche” business. It is an MSW management option that seems to be viable in very specific situations. In some instances, these plants were built to service tourist destinations, often in somewhat rural areas where recycling is difficult and landfills are distant. In several other cases, public agencies built plants to extend ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost science journal of advocacy and foresight

    SEVERAL months ago, I started on a journey through the pages of Compost Science, beginning with the Spring, 1960 inaugural issue. I was confident that I could whip through the articles and news items in the several hundred issues of the magazine between 1960 and 2009, and be prepared to write this article for BioCycle’s 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition. Granted, there were interruptions, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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