farm policy Articles

  • How farm policy used to work

    In the period between the 1930s and 1992, farm bills generally instituted compensation policies that took the form of price supports. These policies were designed to manage the surplus production that resulted from centuries of developmental policies while allowing U.S. farmers the chance, with hard work and good management skills, to provide their family with a livelihood. Compensation policies ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Policy instruments in support of organic farming in Austria

    This paper explores the connection between agricultural policy measures and the development of organic farming in Austria from 1991 onwards. First, past policy measures are reviewed. Then, various new policy strategies for the further development of the organic sector in Austria are elaborated and their potential impact discussed. The analysis suggests that the current direct policy measures ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The 1996 “Freedom to Farm” Farm Bill

    The period of U.S. farm bills where the instruments were designed around compensation policies that used price support/supply management programs allowing farmers to remain in production during long periods of low prices—the result of four centuries of publicly-sponsored developmental policies—ended with the adoption of the 1996 Farm Bill. In some important ways, the demise of price ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Conflicting farmers' objectives and environmental policies: the case of a Mediterranean farm

    In dry land areas of the Mediterranean region, farmers' decisions are particularly difficult due to irregular rainfall. Yield risk, soil erosion and desertification are important problems. Decision-making behaviour of farmers is supposed to incorporate a particular concern in the adoption of strategies to decrease income variability, to conserve soil and to guarantee a comfortable level of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • `EU Policies for Olive Farming: Towards Sustainanble Production in Europe` by WWF&Birdlife International, supported by the EEB and FoEE

    Since the 1990s, BirdLife International and WWF, the global conservation organisation, have been voicing concern over the environmentally damaging trends in European olive farming, and calling for fundamental changes to the CAP market regime governing the sector. In 2001, a report was published, setting out the main environmental issues, and making detailed proposals for a complete reform of the ...

  • Building a static farm level spatial microsimulation model for rural development and agricultural policy analysis in Ireland

    Using statistical matching techniques, economists can now create attribute rich datasets by matching across the common variables in two or more datasets. The farm level spatial microsimulation model developed in this paper uses one of many combinational optimisation techniques – simulated annealing – to match the Irish Census of Agriculture to the 2005 Irish National Farm Survey (NFS). Using the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investing in people and evidence for sustainable farming

    Evaluation of farming systems, new ideas and learning with practitioners should be part of a transformed agriculture. Food security is difficult to pin down. It can be explained simply as access to enough food. But behind that simplicity lies an interconnected web of factors — from food prices to ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Agroecology Taps a Wellspring of Farming Knowledge

    Agroecology shares family farmers' evolving knowledge — and should go mainstream, says Fernando R. Funes-Monzote. Over recent decades, formal research and extension, led by governments and big enterprises, have led to novel answers for emerging problems in agriculture. However, these have generally ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • It is vital to reinvigorate organic farming research

    Organic farming can deliver food sustainably, but only with compelling science to boost its use, argues Ged Buffee. With increased yields and ecological stability becoming critical concerns for agricultural development, there's ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Opinion: Greening European Agriculture Policy – A Step Forward?

    The long-awaited resolution of the deadlock over the future of European farm subsidies appears to be in sight. After lengthy and tortuous discussions, the European Commission, Council and European Parliament reached a political agreement on 26 June 2013 setting out the main parameters for the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) from 2015.1 These are based, in large part, on proposals ...


  • Healthy, Fair and Profitable: A Win-Win Pesticide Policy

    A new report released by the Pacific Institute and the California Green Scissors project makes the case for changing the way pesticides are regulated in California. According to the report, if California significantly increased its funding for sustainable agriculture -- instead of just spending money to regulate pesticide usage -- we could aid California farmers, improve the public health and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Farm planning in nitrate sensitive agricultural areas

    One of the main aims of the Rural Development Plan under the EU Common Agricultural Policy is the protection of nitrate sensitive areas through agri–environmental schemes. This paper presents a mathematical programming model for farm planning in agricultural areas that are sensitive to nitrates. A bilevel linear programming (BLP) model is developed, that can achieve the optimal farm production ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Factors influencing the conversion to organic farming in Norway

    Determinants of the decision to convert to organic farming methods are examined by applying bivariate analyses and a multinomial logit model to a survey of 1018 Norwegian crop and dairy farmers. The results show that 4% of the conventional respondents plan to convert by 2009, which may imply that the national goal of 10% organically managed area will not be achieved. The analysis indicates that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • COOL: A salute to consumers in the International Year of Family Farming

    This month we are celebrating one particular aspect of the International Year of Family Farming: the consumer. In order to be successful, family farmers must always have consumers and their needs in mind, which is why NFU has been a long-time champion of Country-of-Origin Labeling (COOL) for meat, poultry and seafood. More than 90 percent of consumers want to know the origin of their food, and ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Conversion of coconut gene farms threatens diversity

    The land conversion of coconut gene banks located in research farms across the Asia-Pacific threatens the future of coconut diversity, researchers warn. A coconut gene bank in Indonesia was recently converted into a racetrack while another in Samoa was turned into a prison, SciDev.Net has learned. Scientists in Southeast Asia are worried that ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Development of Indonesian Fish Farming & Aquaculture Production

    Part 1.Fish Farms Market Overview in Indonesia Part 2.Reasons Why Fishery Industry Develops Fast in Indonesia Part 3.Fish Farm Types in Indonesian Part 4.Sustainable Development of the Fishery in Indonesia Fish Farms Market Overview in Indonesia Fish farming is the ...

  • Urban farming is booming, but what does it really yield?

    City-based agriculture produces 15 to 20 percent of food globally. In the U.S., its benefits go far beyond nutrition. This story was produced in collaboration with the Food & Environment Reporting Network, a non-profit investigative news organization. ...


    By Ensia

  • Determinants of farm-level adaptation diversity to cyclone and flood: insights from a farm household-level survey in Eastern India

    A large number of farmers' livelihoods are susceptible to cyclones and floods, and farmers are taking up several adaptation mechanisms. Previous studies, therefore, have examined determinants of various adaptation options and provide policy suggestions to promote a specific one. However, options are undertaken at different points depending on the nature and intensity of extreme events. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Costs of land use for conservation in Central Europe and future agricultural policy

    In Germany and other countries of Central Europe, biodiversity in the rural countryside is best conserved by applying traditional land-use methods, such as low input sheep and cattle grazing. These are very uneconomical according to conventional accounting and can only be carried out at present by benefitting heavily from the subsidy schemes of the CAP. Trade liberalisation demands the abolition ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decision support model for water policy in the presence of waterlogging and salinity

    Irrigation improves food security and human wellbeing. Poorly managed irrigation can raise watertables inducing waterlogging and salinity. Excessive groundwater withdrawals can lower watertables, impacting drainage and interlinked hydroeconomic systems. Sustainable irrigation management thus remains a global water policy challenge. This study develops a framework for using market-based ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you