forest erosion Articles

  • Protecting and restoring forests

    Protecting the earth’s nearly 4 billion hectares of remaining forests and replanting those already lost are both essential for restoring the earth’s health, an important foundation for the new economy. Reducing rainfall runoff and the associated flooding and soil erosion, recycling rainfall inland, and restoring aquifer recharge depend on simultaneously reducing pressure on forests and on ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Indigenous biodiversity `crucial` to forest futures

    Forestry experts are calling for an increase in the use of native tree species in reforestation projects, arguing that they are better for biodiversity and can slow the pace of global warming. The recommendation ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Tropical forest conservation legislation and policy: a global perspective

    This article reviews tropical rainforest legislation and policy of countries around the world. It documents the alarming erosion of rainforest resources and preserves, and evaluates the effectiveness of law and policies promulgated to arrest that erosion. The problems associated with rainforest depletion are treated in the context of the world's exploding population, as well as the economic needs ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Decade After Asian Tsunami, New Forests Protect the Coast

    The tsunami that struck Indonesia in 2004 obliterated vast areas of Aceh province. But villagers there are using an innovative microcredit scheme to restore mangrove forests and other coastal ecosystems that will serve as a natural barrier against future killer waves and storms. On the day that the Indian Ocean tsunami hit his village a decade ago, fisherman Hajamuddin was at sea. It was ...


    By Wetlands International

  • A sustainable solution for massive coastal erosion in Central Java - Towards Regional Scale Application of Hybrid Engineering

    Deltaic populations in western Indonesia are increasingly threatened by rapid shoreline degradation and erosion. In just a few decades, some coastal areas have retreated by more than two kilometres1. Housing, roads and valuable land is literally swept into the sea. This loss of land continues unabated, sometimes by tens of metres per year. The erosion causes saline intrusion, affecting drinking ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Mangroves for Coastal Resilience

    Coastal wetlands such as mangrove forests strongly contribute to the safety, food security and income of tens of millions of people throughout the tropics. Wetlands International has helped to restore and conserve thousands of hectares of mangrove forests, closely working with coastal communities. We aim to increase coastal resilience and reduce disaster risk by championing and enabling ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Water, soil and nutrient losses caused by Wenchuan Earthquake: a case study in Pengzhou

    Wenchuan Earthquake triggered a large number of geological hazards, dramatically stimulating soil erosion. This study was carried out in Pengzhou County, Sichuan Province. By comparison of sediment, runoff and nutrient losses in earthquake-damaged forests (EF) and unaffected forests (UF), the actual status of soil erosion after the Wenchuan Earthquake was investigated by runoff plots. Results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Benefits of minimum tillage case study

    In Hungary, the MARGINS project is being conducted near Lake Balaton - the largest lake in Central Europe. The lake is renowned for its beauty and wildlife. Its surrounding hilly landscape is covered with rich brown forest soil. This landscape is, however, prone to soil erosion -in particular, rills develop when soil is weakened by excessive tillage and exposed to intense rainstorms. If not ...


    By Syngenta

  • Animation: restoring eroded coast Java by Building with Nature

    Northern Java's coasts suffer from severe erosion. In one decade, some coastal areas have retreated by three kilometres. Developmnet of coastal infrastructure and aquaculture went hand in hand with the removal of protective mangrove forests and the disturbance of sediment flows towards the coast and floodplains. Replanting of mangroves has not been successful, as the sediment balance is too ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Book Byte: We Can Reforest the Earth

    Protecting the 10 billion acres of remaining forests on earth and replanting many of those already lost are both essential for restoring the earth’s health. Since 2000, the earth’s forest cover has shrunk by 13 million acres each year, with annual losses of 32 million acres far exceeding the regrowth of 19 ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Assessing agroforestry`s advantages

    Agroforestry, the deliberate placement of trees into crop and livestock operations, can help capture substantial amounts of carbon on agricultural lands while providing production and conservation benefits. However, we currently lack tools for accurately estimating current and projected carbon values in these systems. In North America, windbreaks are an effective carbon-capturing option. Only ...

  • Belize`s Coastal Capital: The economic contribution of Belize`s coral reefs and mangroves

    This study evaluated the average annual contribution of reef- and mangrove-associated tourism, fisheries, and shoreline protection services to the economy of Belize. Coastal and marine ecosystems provide vitally important goods and services to countries in the Caribbean. This study looks at only three out of the many culturally and economically valuable services provided by these ecosystems in ...

  • A comprehensive approach to reduce disaster risk in which care for people and nature go hand in hand

    Multiple times a year, severe tropical storms and typhoons hit the Philippines. Fortunately, the population is very resilient. After each disaster, they reconstruct their lives with creative solutions. But due to climate change and increasing pressure on ecosystems, the number of natural disasters and their impact are only expected to increase. Working together to better protect communities ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Planting trees and managing soils to sequester carbon

    As of 2007, the shrinking forests in the tropical regions were releasing 2.2 billion tons of carbon per year. Meanwhile, expanding forests in the temperate regions were absorbing 0.7 billion tons of carbon annually. On balance, a net of some 1.5 billion tons of carbon were being released into the atmosphere each year, contributing to global warming. The tropical deforestation in Asia is driven ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Mangrove coasts: a muddy story (Part 3)

    In my first blog, I introduced the term “ecosystem services”, which has become a popular way to refer to the value of ecosystems. This is an important concept as it provides a counter-argument to the often narrow-minded and short-eyed approach of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Agroforestry Mitigates Climate Change

    Climate changes, as one of the biggest threats to a global food security, highly influence natural resources that are essential for crop production. Farming is not only affected by the impact of climate changes, but it’s also a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. Intensive farm practices that include both farm production and change of land use, directly affect the ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...

  • Is zero deforestation possible for the Brazilian Amazon?

    Yes — if we make sure economic growth, social justice and agriculture are part of the picture. From 2005 to 2014, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest went from 19,014 square kilometers (7,342 square miles) to 5,012 square kilometers (1,935 square miles): a reduction of about 70 percent. Impressive, to be sure, but the rate still remains high. Additionally, ...


    By Ensia

  • State of the Art Information on Mangrove Ecosystems in Indonesia

    Status and Trends of Mangroves in Indonesia GENERAL CONDITION OF MANGROVES IN INDONESIA Indonesia is a tropical archipelago with coastlines measuring a total length of 95,181 km, making it the country with the fourth longest coastline in the world (EarthTrends WRI, 2003, and Rompas, RM.2009). All along the coast are the estuaries of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • How can we create jobs, reduce food prices and boost economies?

    The fate of heads of state across the globe is tied in large part to their ability to ensure employment, economic growth, and access to cheap food and clean water. Rising food prices have helped topple dictators across the Middle East. Europe, the United States, Japan and other major economies are spending trillions of dollars to restore growth and jobs. Too often, efforts to address ...

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