forest establishment Articles

  • Forest Fires in Europe 2005

    The European Union is supporting since the Eighties the efforts implemented by Member States to fight forest fires in all their stages: prevention, suppression and restoration. That’s because forest fires can severely affect all the functions developed by the forests of the Community from the economic, ecologic and social point of view; they can also better and more effectively be counteracted ...


  • Protecting and restoring forests

    Protecting the earth’s nearly 4 billion hectares of remaining forests and replanting those already lost are both essential for restoring the earth’s health, an important foundation for the new economy. Reducing rainfall runoff and the associated flooding and soil erosion, recycling rainfall inland, and restoring aquifer recharge depend on simultaneously reducing pressure on forests and on ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • The Chilean Water Allocation Mechanism, established in its Water Code of 1981

    A long narrow strip of land (no more than 430 km wide) between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Chile stretches 4,630 km from near lat. 18°S to Cape Horn (lat. 56°S), including at its southern end the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island shared with Argentina. In the Pacific Ocean are Chile's several island possessions, including Easter Island, the Juan Fernández ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The nature of the right or interest created by a market for forest carbon

    Increasingly, the global community is recognizing the need to engage the forest sector as a critical tool to mitigate global warming. A significant opportunity for this sector is the emerging global greenhouse gas emissions trading market. Yet, for forests to be included effectively in emissions trading markets, the nature of the legal rights in forestbased greenhouse gas reductions should be ...

  • Warsaw Climate Meeting Makes Progress on Forests, REDD+

    For most observers, the outcomes of this year’s climate negotiations in Warsaw, Poland COP 19 were an inadequate response to climate change. But there was one bright spot— negotiators made big advances on a program called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation ( ...

  • Forest Focus Monitoring Database - Validation Methodology

    Forest Focus (Regulation (EC) No 2152/20031) is a Community scheme for harmonised, broad-based, comprehensive and long-term monitoring of European forest ecosystems. It concentrates in particular on protecting forests against air pollution and fire. To supplement the monitoring system, Forest Focus stipulates the development of new instruments relating to soil monitoring, carbon sequestration, ...


  • Forests worldwide at risk of dying due to drought

    Forests worldwide are at increased risk of death from drought, which is occurring more frequently and are more severe, according to researchers at the University of Stirling in Scotland. Sarah Greenwood, a postdoctoral researcher in the University of Stirling’s Faculty of Natural Sciences, said: We can see that the death of trees caused by drought is consistent across different ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • 4 Reasons Assessing Governance Matters for Forests and People

    The world’s forests and the people who depend on them face a host of challenges—including deforestation, rural poverty, and degradation of critical ecosystem services. These negative outcomes are often exacerbated by weak forest ...

  • Bringing the forest to market: Structuring avoided deforestation projects

    As national leaders continue to negotiate the scope of a post-2012 global emission reduction regime, the role that reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will play in any such framework is high on the agenda. At the same time, the voluntary carbon market is emerging as a valuable testing ground for REDD, with both public actors and the private sector beginning to ...

  • Bamboo: The Secret Weapon in Forest and Landscape Restoration?

    In the world of forestry, bamboo doesn’t always get the credit it deserves. Dismissed as a weed or marginalized in traditional forest management, bamboo could actually play an important role in forest and landscape restoration. With adequate attention, investment, and the right standards in place, it could become ...

  • The effects of Picea schrenkiana forest litter on snow surface albedo

    In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of the snow albedo of different underlying surfaces based on measurements of shortwave radiation and observations of forest litter on snow surfaces, both in an open, unforested environment and in areas with differing forest canopy openness. The fractional litter coverage was obtained through the binarization of digital photos of forest litter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tuning In: Tracking wood from Honduran Forests to U.S. Guitars

    This study focuses on two supply chains for mahogany that originate in remote biodiversity-rich forests in Honduras. These supply chains were selected because they involve small forest community cooperatives that, compared with industrial operations, have a lower capacity to respond to market requirements for legal wood, including the U.S. Lacey Act. ...

  • Nutrient sorption dynamics of resin membranes and resin bags in a tropical forest

    Plant root simulator (PRS) probes, a resin membrane technology, are increasingly used to measure soil nutrient availability in agricultural and nonagricultural systems. Like other resin technologies, the charged surface is meant to sorb nutrients until saturation; however, there is evidence that it acts as a dynamic exchanger in soils with low nutrient availability. This study compared the ...

  • New mapping technology: Nova Scotia’s powerful ally in protecting valuable forests

    The government of Nova Scotia announced an ambitious plan earlier this month to protect 245,000 hectares of forest and park land, establishing the Canadian province as a conservation leader in one of the world’s most heavily forested nations. Roughly ...

  • Safeguarding forests and People: A framework for designing a national system to implement REDD+ safeguards

    Background Around the world, members of governments, civil society, and the private sector are grappling with how to design and implement initiatives that reduce greenhouse gas emissions by slowing, halting, and reversing forest loss. These efforts have been spurred at least in part by the agreements onlong-term cooperative action (LCA) that Parties to the United Nations Framework ...

  • 2 Things You Need to Know about Indonesia`s Forest Moratorium

    Indonesia’s forest moratorium, a policy aiming to protect an area the size of Japan from development, represents one of the most ambitious conservation schemes ever established in the country. But is it actually making progress in improving the forest sector? WRI’s new working paper, ...

  • Accommodating multiple interests in local forest management: a focus on facilitation, actors and practices

    This paper is concerned with three questions. When, if at all, is facilitation worthwhile? When dealing with local forest management, what exactly should facilitators focus on? How does empowerment fit into facilitation efforts? Two case studies, one concerned with the establishment of the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park in Perú, the other with the impact of changes in forest legislation on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Forest Focus Database System - Technical Report 2004 Level II Data

    Forest Focus (Regulation (EC) No 2152/20031) is a Community scheme for harmonised, broad-based, comprehensive and long-term monitoring of European forest ecosystems. It concentrates in particular on protecting forests against air pollution and fire. To supplement the monitoring system, Forest Focus stipulates the development of new instruments relating to soil monitoring, carbon sequestration, ...


  • Seven decades of Calcium depletion in organic horizons of Adirondack forest soils

    We used repeated sampling of the forest floor to determine if there was a net loss of Ca from organic horizons of Adirondack forest soils between 1930 and 2004. In 1984, we established 48 permanent plots in spruce–fir, northern hardwood, and pine stands located in areas sampled by Carl C. Heimburger in the early 1930s. Following Heimburger's protocols and analytical methods, we measured pH and ...

  • Satellite-Based forest clearing detection in the Brazilian Amazon: FORMA, DETER, and PRODES

    The advent of near-real-time forest monitoring can dramatically strengthen efforts by governments, businesses, and communities to conserve and sustainably manage the world’s forests. This issue brief introduces a system called FORest Monitoring for Action (FORMA), which provides near-real-time information on new forest clearing in the humid tropical forests of Asia, Africa, and Latin ...

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