forest plantation cultivation Articles

  • Shrinking forests: The many costs

    In early December 2004, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo 'ordered the military and police to crack down on illegal logging, after flash floods and landslides, triggered by rampant deforestation, killed nearly 340 people,' according to news reports. Fifteen years earlier, in 1989, the government of Thailand announced a nationwide ban on tree cutting following severe flooding and the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat

    The palm oil sector has created in the past few decades millions of jobs. Over the next decade, the Indonesian government plans to double the annual production of palm oil, creating new jobs for an estimated 1.3 million households. Although the cultivation of oil palm on peatlands creates new income opportunities for many farmers in the short term, longer term economic implications remain ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The commercialisation of the indigenous economy and its impact on the environment of Modhupur Garh, Bangladesh

    The level of destruction of the natural sal (shorea robusta) forest of Modhupur Garh in Bangladesh has pushed the forest-dwelling indigenous Garo community into cash crop production, forcing them to move away from their traditional subsistence economy. Cash crop production started in Modhupur region with pineapple cultivation which, in recent years, has been superceded by Banana monoculture. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bankers, what are the risks of your peatland investments?

    The world’s increasing demand for palm oil and pulp wood for paper production attracts the private sector to invest more and more in these businesses in Indonesia and Malaysia. But are banks, the creditors of these businesses, aware of the risks of their investments in palm oil and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Controlled burning in peat lands owned by small farmers: a case study in land preparation

    The 1997/1998 forest fires in Indonesia resulted in the destruction of at least 10 million ha of forests and non-forestlands and the release of more than 2.6 G tons of carbon. These fires made Indonesia one of the largest contributors of greenhouse gases in the world. It is now recognized that about 80 – 90% of the fires came from agricultural and industrial plantation estates using fire for land ...


    By Springer

  • Divestments oil palm on peat has solid scientific basis

    In the Malaysia Chronicle of 17 January 2014, Sarawak Oil Palm Plantation Owners Association (Soppoa) mentions that there is no credible ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Facts & figures on palm oil

    Introduction Palm oil is a vegetable oil that is a common ingredient in a wide variety of products, ranging from biscuits, bread and noodles to shampoo, candles and deter-gents. It has been estimated that around half of all packaged items found in supermarkets contain it. Palm oil is also used as biofuel. The use of palm oil is expected to continue growing, with an esti-mated doubling of ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


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