forest plantation cultivation Articles

  • Shrinking forests: The many costs

    In early December 2004, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo 'ordered the military and police to crack down on illegal logging, after flash floods and landslides, triggered by rampant deforestation, killed nearly 340 people,' according to news reports. Fifteen years earlier, in 1989, the government of Thailand announced a nationwide ban on tree cutting following severe flooding and the ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat

    The palm oil sector has created in the past few decades millions of jobs. Over the next decade, the Indonesian government plans to double the annual production of palm oil, creating new jobs for an estimated 1.3 million households. Although the cultivation of oil palm on peatlands creates new income opportunities for many farmers in the short term, longer term economic implications remain ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The commercialisation of the indigenous economy and its impact on the environment of Modhupur Garh, Bangladesh

    The level of destruction of the natural sal (shorea robusta) forest of Modhupur Garh in Bangladesh has pushed the forest-dwelling indigenous Garo community into cash crop production, forcing them to move away from their traditional subsistence economy. Cash crop production started in Modhupur region with pineapple cultivation which, in recent years, has been superceded by Banana monoculture. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bankers, what are the risks of your peatland investments?

    The world’s increasing demand for palm oil and pulp wood for paper production attracts the private sector to invest more and more in these businesses in Indonesia and Malaysia. But are banks, the creditors of these businesses, aware of the risks of their investments in palm oil and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Rajang Delta threatened by floods

    This paper presents a case study of the Rajang Delta in Sarawak, Malaysia where peatland subsidence will cause flooding, rendering more than half of the Rajang Delta unsuitable for any agriculture cultivation due to severe floods in 50 years. The land area which will be inundated is 3 times the size of Singapore!! What a great loss! Case study summary: The case study reveals that ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Controlled burning in peat lands owned by small farmers: a case study in land preparation

    The 1997/1998 forest fires in Indonesia resulted in the destruction of at least 10 million ha of forests and non-forestlands and the release of more than 2.6 G tons of carbon. These fires made Indonesia one of the largest contributors of greenhouse gases in the world. It is now recognized that about 80 – 90% of the fires came from agricultural and industrial plantation estates using fire for land ...


    By Springer

  • Divestments oil palm on peat has solid scientific basis

    In the Malaysia Chronicle of 17 January 2014, Sarawak Oil Palm Plantation Owners Association (Soppoa) mentions that there is no credible ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


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