harvesting mechanization Articles

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Physiological mechanisms underlying heterosis for shade tolerance in maize

    Heterosis in maize (Zea mays L.) confers stress tolerance. To better understand the physiological mechanisms underlying the differential response of a maize hybrid (CG60 x MBS1236) and its parental inbred lines to shading stress, studies were conducted in a field hydroponic system in Ontario, Canada, from 2004 to 2006. Shading stress consisted of a 55% reduction in incident solar radiation and ...

  • Identifying causes of mechanical defects and critical control points in fruit supply chains: an overview of a banana supply chain

    The issue of food losses is of high importance in the efforts to combat hunger, raise income and improve food security in many developing countries. Therefore, there is need to minimise food losses in agri–food supply chains. This study was conducted with the aim to identify causes of mechanical defects in banana fruit supply chain in Zimbabwe and to also establish critical control points at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Grapes Dehydration for Raisins Production in Turkey

    Raisins are produced commercially by drying harvested grape berries. In order for a grape berry to dry, water inside the grape must be removed completely from the interior of the cells onto the surface of the grape where the water droplets can evaporate. However, this diffusion process is very difficult because the grape skin contains wax in its cuticle, which prevents the water from passing ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • Participatory watershed management (PWM): an approach for integrated development of rural India: a case study from Karnataka, southern India

    Watershed management is an emerging concept for the efficient use of rain run-off in the rural areas of India. The approach to watershed management is participatory in nature, people friendly, location specific, processed based and geared to cater to the problems and needs of the rural communities. Operation of watershed management is ideal where the rainfall pattern is very short, uneven and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of a new retail packaging for sweet tamarind

    Sweet tamarind is a flavoursome tropical fruit that is rich in nutrients. The sweet tamarind takes the form of a shelled pod containing seed-bearing flesh. A major problem facing sweet tamarind retailers is that mechanical damage often occurs during the distribution process. This research has sought to propose solutions to this problem by taking the following approach: a) determining the physical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seed yield, development, and variation in diverse poa pratensis accessions

    Post-harvest residue removal is critical for high seed production of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.). Previous work showed some accessions have little yield reduction with mechanical removal of post-harvest residue compared with the controversial practice of open-field burning. Using 10 of these accessions, our objectives were (i) to relate seed yield and yield components in spaced plants ...

  • Bioconservacion in International Banana Congress of CORBANA & ACORBAT

    Bioconservacion ethylene absorption solutions present at the most important banana congress The 6th International Banana Congress, organised by CORBANA and ACORBAT, took place in Miami from 19 to 22 April. It is undoubtedly the most important technical, scientific, agro-industrial and commercial gathering of the banana industry in the world. Experts from around the world spoke of ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Timing of maturity in ultra-narrow and conventional row cotton as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate

    Ultra-narrow row (UNR) systems and N fertilizer can influence cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) crop maturation. Study objectives were to measure impacts of UNR systems and N fertilizer rates on cotton maturation and to identify mechanisms by which these effects occurred. The location was Burleson County, Texas. In the split plot design, whole plots were N rates of 0, 50, 101, and 151 kg ha–1. Split ...

  • Simulation of soil carbon dynamics under sugarcane with the CENTURY model

    Currently there is a trend for the expansion of the area cropped with sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.), driven by an increase in the world demand for biofuels, due to economical, environmental, and geopolitical issues. Although sugarcane is traditionally harvested by burning dried leaves and tops, the unburned, mechanized harvest has been progressively adopted. The use of process based models ...

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • Benefits of Ethylene Removal in the Conservation of Peaches and Nectarines.

    A recently-published scientific article has shown the benefits of ethylene removal with Bioconservacion technology for the quality and shelf life of peaches and nectarines. The main causes of post-harvest losses of peaches and nectarines include metabolic changes, reduced firmness of the flesh, mechanical damage and physiological disorders (internal browning). Peaches and nectarines are ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Case study - Benefits of ethylene removal in the conservation of peaches and nectarines

    A recently-published scientific article has shown the benefits of  ethylene removal with Bioconservacion technology for the quality and shelf life of peaches and nectarines. The main causes of post-harvest losses of peaches and nectarines include metabolic changes, reduced firmness of the flesh, mechanical damage and physiological disorders (internal browning). Peaches and nectarines are ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...

  • Corn response to competition: growth alteration vs. yield limiting factors

    Competition mechanisms among adjacent plants are not well understood. This study compared corn growth and yield responses to water, N, and shade at 74,500 plants ha–1 (1x) with responses to water and N when planted at 149,000 plant ha–1. Plant biomass, leaf area, chlorophyll content, reflectance, and enzyme expression (transcriptome analysis) were measured at V-12. Grain and stover yields were ...

  • The Importance of Scales in the Agricultural & Farming Industry

    Weighing scales are essential and necessary equipment required for a wide range of applications. Whether intended for personal, industrial or commercial use, they serve one important function – providing accurate weight measurements for varied loads. In the agricultural sector, scales are indispensable tools and without them, it would be almost impossible to manage farms or carry out trade! ...


    By Quality Scales Unlimited

  • Yield, quality, and fruit distribution in bollgard/roundup ready and bollgard ii/roundup ready flex cottons

    New transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) technologies Bollgard II/Roundup Ready Flex (BGII/RRF) provide additional mechanisms for the cotton crop to retain early initiated fruiting structures positioned in the lower canopy. It may be possible, therefore, for early fruit retention to become too high with these new technologies resulting in early cutout and reduced yield. The objective of this ...

  • Establishment and growth of self-seeded winter cereal cover crops in a soybean–corn rotation

    Perpetuating cereal cover crops through self-seeding may increase adoption by reducing risk and cost. Winter rye (Secale cereale L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) were used to develop self-seeding cover crop systems in a soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]–corn (Zea mays L.) rotation. Cereals were planted and managed chemically and mechanically in varying ...

  • The developmental neurotoxicity of PBDEs: Effect of DE‐71 on dopamine in zebrafish larvae

    The potential neurotoxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) is still a great concern. In the present study, we investigated whether exposure to PBDEs could affect the neurotransmitter system and cause developmental neurotoxicity in zebrafish. Two hours post fertilization (hpf) zebrafish embryos were exposed to different concentrations of the PBDE mixture DE‐71 (0‐100 µg/L). The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • How farm policy used to work

    In the period between the 1930s and 1992, farm bills generally instituted compensation policies that took the form of price supports. These policies were designed to manage the surplus production that resulted from centuries of developmental policies while allowing U.S. farmers the chance, with hard work and good management skills, to provide their family with a livelihood. Compensation policies ...


    By National Farmers Union

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