harvesting mechanization Articles

  • Mechanisms involved in soybean rust-induced yield reduction

    Soybean rust (SBR; caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. and P. Syd.) leads to premature leaf loss and yield reduction. The objectives of this study were to assess effects of SBR infection on soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] yield and to identify causes for the yield reduction. Experiments were conducted in the 2005–2006 and 2006–2007 growing seasons at Londrina, Brazil. The five treatments were ...

  • Physiological mechanisms underlying heterosis for shade tolerance in maize

    Heterosis in maize (Zea mays L.) confers stress tolerance. To better understand the physiological mechanisms underlying the differential response of a maize hybrid (CG60 x MBS1236) and its parental inbred lines to shading stress, studies were conducted in a field hydroponic system in Ontario, Canada, from 2004 to 2006. Shading stress consisted of a 55% reduction in incident solar radiation and ...

  • Sugar Beet Harvest Simplified with Aire-O2 Tritons

    Overview: Sucrafor, a COSUMAR Groupe sugar beet processing plant in north east (Oriental) of Morocco, North Africa, designed a wastewater treatment plant to maintain high organic loads through anaerobic, anoxic, and aerated lagoons; as they crush more than 5,000 tons of sugar beets daily. Due to the high organic loads and tightening BOD/COD standards, Aeration Industries ...

  • Sugar Beet Harvest Simplified with Aire-O2 Tritons - Case Study

    Overview: Sucrafor, a COSUMAR Groupe sugar beet processing plant in north east (Oriental) of Morocco, designed a wastewater treatment plant to maintain high organic loads through anaerobic, anoxic, and aerated lagoons; as they crush more than 5,000 tons of sugar beets daily. Due to the high organic loads and tightening BOD/COD standards, Aeration Industries International’s ...

  • Identifying causes of mechanical defects and critical control points in fruit supply chains: an overview of a banana supply chain

    The issue of food losses is of high importance in the efforts to combat hunger, raise income and improve food security in many developing countries. Therefore, there is need to minimise food losses in agri–food supply chains. This study was conducted with the aim to identify causes of mechanical defects in banana fruit supply chain in Zimbabwe and to also establish critical control points at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sugarcane postharvest residue management in a temperate climate

    Full retention of sugarcane (interspecific hybrids of Saccharum spp.) postharvest residue may reduce ratoon crop yields. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different residue removal timings and methods on sugarcane yield. A two-factor (timing and method) experiment was conducted on both clay and silt loam soils in southeastern Louisiana. Removal timings consisted of the ...

  • Grapes Dehydration for Raisins Production in Turkey

    Raisins are produced commercially by drying harvested grape berries. In order for a grape berry to dry, water inside the grape must be removed completely from the interior of the cells onto the surface of the grape where the water droplets can evaporate. However, this diffusion process is very difficult because the grape skin contains wax in its cuticle, which prevents the water from passing ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • The protean relationship between boreal forest landscape structure and red squirrel distribution at multiple spatial scales

    This paper investigates two fundamental questions in landscape ecology: what influence does landscape context, or the composition of the matrix, have on an animals’ response to landscape structure, and how does this relationship extrapolate between landscapes? We investigate how the distribution of North American red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) in the boreal mixedwood forest is influenced ...


    By Springer

  • Development of a new retail packaging for sweet tamarind

    Sweet tamarind is a flavoursome tropical fruit that is rich in nutrients. The sweet tamarind takes the form of a shelled pod containing seed-bearing flesh. A major problem facing sweet tamarind retailers is that mechanical damage often occurs during the distribution process. This research has sought to propose solutions to this problem by taking the following approach: a) determining the physical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seed yield, development, and variation in diverse poa pratensis accessions

    Post-harvest residue removal is critical for high seed production of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.). Previous work showed some accessions have little yield reduction with mechanical removal of post-harvest residue compared with the controversial practice of open-field burning. Using 10 of these accessions, our objectives were (i) to relate seed yield and yield components in spaced plants ...

  • Bioconservacion in International Banana Congress of CORBANA & ACORBAT

    Bioconservacion ethylene absorption solutions present at the most important banana congress The 6th International Banana Congress, organised by CORBANA and ACORBAT, took place in Miami from 19 to 22 April. It is undoubtedly the most important technical, scientific, agro-industrial and commercial gathering of the banana industry in the world. Experts from around the world spoke of ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Ethylene absorption solutions

    The 6th International Banana Congress, organised by CORBANA and ACORBAT, took place in Miami from 19 to 22 April. It is undoubtedly the most important technical, scientific, agro-industrial and commercial gathering of the banana industry in the world. Experts from around the world spoke of the evolution and market trends in the banana market, phytosanitary regulations and advances with regard to ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Simulation of soil carbon dynamics under sugarcane with the CENTURY model

    Currently there is a trend for the expansion of the area cropped with sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.), driven by an increase in the world demand for biofuels, due to economical, environmental, and geopolitical issues. Although sugarcane is traditionally harvested by burning dried leaves and tops, the unburned, mechanized harvest has been progressively adopted. The use of process based models ...

  • Timing of maturity in ultra-narrow and conventional row cotton as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate

    Ultra-narrow row (UNR) systems and N fertilizer can influence cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) crop maturation. Study objectives were to measure impacts of UNR systems and N fertilizer rates on cotton maturation and to identify mechanisms by which these effects occurred. The location was Burleson County, Texas. In the split plot design, whole plots were N rates of 0, 50, 101, and 151 kg ha–1. Split ...

  • Benefits of Ethylene Removal in the Conservation of Peaches and Nectarines.

    A recently-published scientific article has shown the benefits of ethylene removal with Bioconservacion technology for the quality and shelf life of peaches and nectarines. The main causes of post-harvest losses of peaches and nectarines include metabolic changes, reduced firmness of the flesh, mechanical damage and physiological disorders (internal browning). Peaches and nectarines are ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Case study - Benefits of ethylene removal in the conservation of peaches and nectarines

    A recently-published scientific article has shown the benefits of  ethylene removal with Bioconservacion technology for the quality and shelf life of peaches and nectarines. The main causes of post-harvest losses of peaches and nectarines include metabolic changes, reduced firmness of the flesh, mechanical damage and physiological disorders (internal browning). Peaches and nectarines are ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Timing of maturity in ultra-narrow and conventional row cotton as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate

    Ultra-narrow row (UNR) systems and N fertilizer can influence cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) crop maturation. Study objectives were to measure impacts of UNR systems and N fertilizer rates on cotton maturation and to identify mechanisms by which these effects occurred. The location was Burleson County, Texas. In the split plot design, whole plots were N rates of 0, 50, 101, and 151 kg ha–1. Split ...

  • The emergence of urban agriculture: Sydney, Australia

    Across the world the phenomenon of urban agriculture (UA) is defining itself after emerging from a mainly grass-roots response, evidenced in the Sydney Metropolitan Region by the Hawkesbury Harvest phenomenon and the Sydney Food Fairness Alliance, to powerful global forces which are negatively and paradoxically impacting on the quality of life of urban and farming communities. In the developed ...

  • QTLs affecting α -Tocotrienol, α -Tocopherol, and total Tocopherol concentrations detected in the ogle/tam o-301 oat mapping population

    Consumption of oat (Avena sativa L.) products has been credited with reducing the risk of various diseases. This may be due in part to tocopherol content. Studies have shown variation in -tocotrienol, -tocopherol, and total tocopherol levels among oat cultivars, however, the genetic basis of these traits is unknown. The objectives of this study were to examine the genetic mechanisms affecting ...

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


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