high moisture composting Articles

  • Field Testing Protocol For Compostable Packaging

    Compostable product disintegration trials conducted in British Columbia help lay groundwork for open source, field testing protocol. Compostable packaging holds great promise to aid in diverting food waste from landfill. However, even when certified compostable, the products disintegrate differently across facility types. A growing number of composting facilities see potential for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Advances in Oregon and Washington

    Over the years, different forces have served as drivers to help grow the composting industry. For example, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the perceived landfill crisis that led to state bans on disposal of yard trimmings. Composting also has benefitted from a push to meet recycling goals, which has prompted states and local governments to go beyond yard trimmings and into such ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Building Longevity into Composting Buildings

    There are a variety of corrosion resistant options for enclosed composting facilities, where the harsh environment shows no mercy to exposed metal surfaces. MOISTURE is no stranger in Canada's Maritime provinces, so when the Fundy Region Solid Waste Commission (FRSWC) in Saint John, New Bruns-wick embarked on a composting program, putting the operation indoors was a practical choice. The ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Innovations in Compost Facility Structures

    Untitled Document THE PROCESS of turning organic feedstocks - everything from yard trimmings, woody residuals, biosolids and manures - into compost involves moisture, heat and acids that can be tough on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Operator insights: compostable products

    Compostable products are increasingly a part of the formula when companies, institutions, municipal programs and special events decide to go green, usually to implement a food scraps diversion program. Due to increasing demand, the compostable products industry is growing rapidly, with many different options on the market. BioCycle has been covering developments in the compostable products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Contained Composting Systems Rewiew

    Having gained success in recycling yard trimmings, composters and recycling coordinators are reaching deeper into the organic residuals pile to capture other feedstocks. In particular, their sights are set on source separated food materials, from institutions (e.g. schools, hospitals), grocery stores and produce markets, food processors and commercial food service facilities (e.g. restaurants). A ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting of vegetable waste in subtropical climates

    This experiment examined the possibility of using composting as a method of waste disposal in subtropical countries, such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where temperatures are high and humidity is low. In order to simulate conditions in the UAE, a representative mixture of wastes generated in the UAE was prepared and tested at ambient temperatures resembling those of subtropical countries. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Certified Organic Farm Relies on Compost

    Located 50 miles northwest of Dayton, Ohio, the owners of Fresh Aire Farms grow crops on over 250 acres of farmland, relying on high quality compost as a soil conditioner and nutrient amendment. Dan and Michelle Young started composting seven years ago to reduce the amount of chemical inputs they had to buy. “We are a certified organic farm incorporating sound cropping principles,” says Dan ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Edmonton is a world-class composting city

    State-of-the-art compost facility draws visitors from around the world A Canadian composting facility has become a hub for industry experts from around the world. Visitors from virtually every continent have visited the Edmonton Composting Facility to learn how this state-of-the art facility is combining sewage sludge (biosolids) with residential solid waste, to create a high-quality ...


    By Vermeer

  • Latest Trends in Yard Trimmings Composting

    Untitled Document YARD TRIMMINGS composting has come a long way in the almost two decades since states began restricting disposal of leaves, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Chicken Manure Management, Recycling, and Composting

    Chicken Manure Fertilizer Manufacturing Process If you have chickens, you will have manure. Fortunately, chicken manure is among the most prized of manures. Fresh chicken manure is considered a “hot” manure, which is unsuitable for immediate use. Chicken manure needs to be composted and aged at least two to three months before you add it to your garden. If you don’t wait ...

  • Disposal Company Expands Composting Operations

    Since 1997, Texas Disposal Systems, Inc. (TDS) - an independently owned solid waste company located near Austin, Texas - has operated a composting division, Texas Organic Products (TOP). In our previous BioCycle report ( -Composting Is Alive and Well In Central Texas, - October, 1997), we described how TOP evolved after starting an initial grinding and static pile composting operation at our ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What`s New - In-Vessel Composting

    IF YOU are considering some sort of enclosed vessel for composting food residuals, yard trimmings, biosolids, manure, animal mortalities or other waste streams, there is no shortage of options to consider. Domestic and international technology providers offer agitated and nonagitated enclosed systems, as well as rigid and nonrigid containment. Unlike some of the other equipment categories in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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