irrigation efficiency Articles

  • Study on the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and irrigation water efficiency

    Using the copula method, the joint probability distribution of irrigation water volume and efficiency is constructed, and their joint return period is also described to reveal the encounter probability of irrigation water volume and efficiency. Furthermore, the conditional probability of irrigation water efficiency with different water volumes is built to show the quantitative effects of flow on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Cotton subsurface drip and overhead irrigation efficiency, maturity, yield, and quality

    Subsurface drip (SSD) is used as a water-efficient alternative to overhead irrigation in many crops. This study compared soil water, water use, crop maturity, lint yield, and fiber quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown with SSD to cotton grown with overhead irrigation. Three experiments were conducted at two Georgia locations in 2004 and 2005. Treatments consisted of overhead irrigated, ...

  • Incentives and instruments for sustainable irrigation

    This book looks at Sustainable Irrigation in a holistic way, considering the multidisciplinary objectives of sustainable agriculture, sustainable water management, sustainable water infrastructure, sustainable irrigation communities and a sustainable environment, the need to reallocate water between competing users, and the need for water and food security in an environment of scarcity. It does ...


    By WIT Press

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating water use efficiencies for water management reform in Southern Alberta irrigated agriculture

    Water use technical efficiency (WUTE) and three definitions of water use economic efficiency (WUEE) were estimated for the four river sub-basins that encompass the 13 irrigation districts in Southern Alberta over a 5-year period: 2004–08. The average level of WUTE varied from 3.5 to 6.2 Mt dam−3. The gross economic value of crop production varied from Canadian (C)$345 to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficiency of maize irrigation scheduling in climate variability and extreme weather events in eastern Croatia

    This study was conducted (2010–2012) to analyse the efficiency of irrigation scheduling in maize production based on soil moisture measurements (Watermark soil moisture sensors) in years with extreme weather events at the research site of the Agricultural Institute in Osijek, eastern Croatia. Three irrigation treatments and four maize hybrids were studied. In the extremely rainy 2010, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding irrigation water use efficiency at different scales for better policy reform: a case study of the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia

    This paper examines water use efficiency and economic efficiency with a particular focus on the Murray-Darling Basin of Australia and the stated policy goal of increasing environmental flows of water in the Basin. The different measures of efficiency are explained, and their implications for water reform and the efficacy of market based approaches to addressing the water scarcity issues and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Clock House Farm: optimising growing conditions and irrigation efficiency in high volume soft fruit production - Case Study

    Clock House farm nestles in the rolling hills of Kent a few miles south of Maidstone in the UK. The expansive 250 acre farm grows a variety of fruit, including strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

  • Irrigation water demand and implications for groundwater pricing in Pakistan

    This study employs the positive mathematical programming (PMP) approach to estimate groundwater derived demand for irrigation using a cross-sectional dataset of 200 predominantly groundwater irrigated farms from the Punjab province of Pakistan. First, we find that the PMP optimal solution uses less water than what is available (being extracted) in order to make farmers allocate all the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the performance of participatory irrigation management in Antalya, Turkey

    This study examined 29 irrigation organizations in the province of Antalya, Turkey. Sufficiency, efficiency, sustainability and producer satisfaction were used as criteria for the productivity of irrigation networks. Differences in the irrigation organizations were compared and analyzed using a number of performance indicators. It was found that the irrigation associations had an irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The viability of treated piggery wastewater for reuse in agricultural irrigation

    Background The swine production is a very important economic matter, occupying prominent position in the worldwide market. However, it appears as the greater impacting activity for the water resources. Researches point a swine manure production of 105.6 million m3/year in Brazil, which resulted in a piggery wastewater rich in solids, nutrients, heavy metals, and pathogens. Moreover, ...

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Sugarcane responses to irrigation and nitrogen in semiarid south Texas

    Water and N are often limiting factors for sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) production. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different levels of water availability on sugarcane growth, yield, and responses to N application, and also to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative N application methods. Three irrigation levels (20% below crop evapotranspiration [ETc], full ETc replacement, ...

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Egypt: The role of water users` associations in reforming irrigation

    Egypt’s water resources are severely constrained. This calls for increasing the water use efficiency by improving irrigation management practice, as the agriculture sector is the main user of water resources. Much of the irrigation infrastructure is elderly and in need of rehabilitation. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LG Sound, controlling algae in irrigation reservoirs

    Algae growth in irrigation water can cause a serious problem. Algae in irrigation tanks can clog the entire irrigation system, such as the pumps, filters, drip-installation and sprinkler nozzles. Besides that the algae and their by-products can also be spread over the irrigated area. In addition, some types of fungi, also present in these waters, can be harmful for the plants grown. Typical ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Colorado Irrigation Canal Channels - Case Study

    Project Background “Different materials to protect canal liners had been tried in irrigation canals across the West over the past 15 or 20 years.   One typical method uses a low cost earthen material like clay. Over time, however, these systems begin to crack and start to leak.  It’s not a very efficient way to convey water,” notes Joe Kaul, Kaul ...


    By Presto Geosystems

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