irrigation product Articles

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Keyhole Gardens; Positive Impact on Food Security

    World hunger is a constant problem. It has been one of the most widely discussed topics in recent years. Rapidly increasing global population, limited natural resources, and climatic changes, has resulted in the need for a sustainable increase in food production. Scientists, governments, and organizations across the world are working together to bring innovations and good farming practices which ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

  • The effects of surface water abstraction for rice irrigation on floodplain fish production in Bangladesh

    Abstraction of surface water for irrigation poses a serious threat to the sustainability of floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh. Previous fisheries research has accorded a central role to dry-season (Rabi) water maintenance in safeguarding the health of the fishery, but rice irrigation water abstraction dries up water bodies at a rapid rate. Having reviewed various aspects of this water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aerated biofilter with seasonally varied operation modes for the production of irrigation water

    Water reuse for agricultural irrigation can contribute to the conservation of valuable water resources and opens the possibility to reuse the wastewater's nutrients (N and P) at the same time. As irrigation is usually limited to vegetation periods, effluent requirements for treated wastewater may vary seasonally. A process concept for wastewater treatment with variable operation modes for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Deficit irrigation optimization of cotton with aquacrop

    Given the current pressures to reduce irrigation water use, it is important to optimize the use of water in irrigated agriculture. This work was aimed at determining the optimum level of applied irrigation water (AIW) for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in southern Spain under several climatic and agricultural policy scenarios. To generate the yield response to variations in AIW, we ...

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of deficit irrigation and fertilization on cucumber

    Soil water budgets are essential in determining the proper timing and amount of irrigation. Organic fertilizers can be substituted for commercial fertilizers; however, information is sparse on the interaction of irrigation management and nutrient source on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) production. This study evaluated nutrient source and irrigation management on growth and yield of cucumber grown ...

  • Monitoring Water Resources Beyond Irrigation

    Over the past year, California’s governor has taken unprecedented action, requiring Californians to drastically cut potable urban water use. While the restrictions may seem harsh to some, it actually provides an opportunity for building managers and community association boards to implement an effective long-term water conservation program. And the result can be significant dollar savings. ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Rice production with minimal irrigation and no nitrogen fertilizer by intensive use of treated municipal wastewater

    We designed a new cultivation system of rice with circulated irrigation to remove nitrogen from treated municipal wastewater effectively and assessed the possibility of nitrogen removal in the new system without any adverse effects on rice production through bench-scale experiments through two seasons. Overgrowth of the rice plant, which can lead to lodging and tasteless rice, was found in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Net biome productivity of irrigated and rainfed maize–soybean rotations: modeling vs. Measurements

    Estimates of agricultural C sequestration require an understanding of how net ecosystem productivity (NEP) and net biome productivity (NBP) are affected by land use. Such estimates will most likely be made using mathematical models that have undergone well-constrained tests against field measurements of CO2 exchange as affected by management. We tested a hydraulically driven soil–plant–atmosphere ...

  • The viability of treated piggery wastewater for reuse in agricultural irrigation

    Background The swine production is a very important economic matter, occupying prominent position in the worldwide market. However, it appears as the greater impacting activity for the water resources. Researches point a swine manure production of 105.6 million m3/year in Brazil, which resulted in a piggery wastewater rich in solids, nutrients, heavy metals, and pathogens. Moreover, ...

  • A policy option for valuing irrigation water in the dry areas

    Participants at the international conference on policies for water and food security in the dry areas, held in June 2013, agreed that, given the fast pace of depletion of groundwater, the issue of water valuation in the dry areas is no longer one of whether or not, but rather of how. Policies that have been or are perceived to have adverse effects on the cost of agricultural production or food ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fertilization and blending alternatives for irrigation with desalinated water

    Received for publication April 29, 2008. In arid-zone agriculture where available irrigation water is saline, desalination is becoming an attractive method for increasing yields and reducing negative environmental consequences. However, irrigation with desalinated water can be problematic if essential nutrients, including Ca, Mg, and S, removed during reverse osmosis, are not reintroduced. We ...

  • Leaching of three sulfonylurea herbicides during sprinkler irrigation

    Sulfonylurea herbicides are widely applied on the Canadian prairies to control weeds in a variety of crops. Several sulfonylurea herbicides are mobile in soil, and there is concern about their possible movement to ground water. This study was performed to assess the susceptibility of three sulfonylurea herbicides commonly used in prairie crop production to leach under a worst-case scenario. ...

  • Analysis of constructed wetland performance for irrigation reuse

    Most of the wastewater treatment systems in small rural communities of the Cova da Beira region (Portugal) consist of constructed wetlands (CW) with horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF). It is believed that those systems allow the compliance of discharge standards as well as the production of final effluents with suitability for reuse. Results obtained in a nine-month campaign in an HSSF bed pointed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the performance of participatory irrigation management in Antalya, Turkey

    This study examined 29 irrigation organizations in the province of Antalya, Turkey. Sufficiency, efficiency, sustainability and producer satisfaction were used as criteria for the productivity of irrigation networks. Differences in the irrigation organizations were compared and analyzed using a number of performance indicators. It was found that the irrigation associations had an irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of rigid scheduling on productivity and water-use of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown under small-scale irrigation

    This paper evaluates the results of a study highlighting the effect of rigid scheduling on crop water use and soil water extraction patterns, crop coefficients, crop response functions and water-use efficiency (WUE). The cumulative Penman potential evapotranspiration (Etp) at the end of the season reached around 400 mm and the total depth of water applied between planting and harvest through ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clock House Farm: optimising growing conditions and irrigation efficiency in high volume soft fruit production - Case Study

    Clock House farm nestles in the rolling hills of Kent a few miles south of Maidstone in the UK. The expansive 250 acre farm grows a variety of fruit, including strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

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