irrigation scaling control Articles

  • Large-scale irrigation - Understanding energy-water-food connections

    Original story at MIT News An MIT team is providing new understanding of the growing interconnections among three critical resources: energy, water and food. The work focuses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, where irrigation water is increasingly pumped from underground, a practice that is intensifying a preexisting shortage of energy. Using new and ...

  • Cannabis Irrigation-Israel

    Getting to Know Cannabis Farming Israel’s agricultural industry is ripening for the beginning of medical cannabis export, with the expected passage of medical export legislation by the end of the year. The timing is particularly fruitful for growers who are interested in succeeding in a new venture that is still in its infancy. The rewards are also high: Israel’s Health and ...


    By KIM

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Peru: Olmos irrigation project sparks development debate

    The recently launched irrigation and hydropower Olmos megaproject in Peru is hailed a ‘masterpiece of engineering’ aimed ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Soil and water: towards a larger-scale perspective of their relations

    Land use changes over time have altered relations between soils and water cycles throughout Europe. There are regions where forests were cut for agriculture or herding, or for industrial, mining, and/or railroad use. Soils were lost, through mud floods, and the water cycles changed so that their present status is one of badlands and/or desert-like areas. Early stages in the path to degradation ...

  • Different Asias, same problems: negotiating the state-user interface in surface irrigation in China and India

    This paper explores the dynamic interface of state-water users' relationships in large-scale surface irrigation in India and China, to inquire to what extent the issues encountered in large-scale irrigation management and governance are independent of regime characteristics. Though operating in very different overall political regimes, China and India exhibit strong similarities in the way a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Novel simulation-based algorithms for optimal open-loop and closed-loop scheduling of deficit irrigation systems

    The scarcity of water compared with the abundance of land constitutes the main drawback within agricultural production. Besides the improvement of irrigation techniques a task of primary importance is solving the problem of intra-seasonal irrigation scheduling under limited seasonal water supply. An efficient scheduling algorithm has to take into account the crops' response to water stress at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brazil: Controlled Composting In Developing Countries

    For more than six years, pilot and large-scale composting experiments have been done at the University of Vicosa in Vicosa, Brazil. We focused on low cost technologies, forced aeration techniques, vector and leachate control, process monitoring, staff training, and technical assistance to farms and city councils. It seems that an unwritten law for solid waste management for developing countries ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Using Compost To Control Plant Diseases

    Losses due to soilborne diseases on some greenhouse, nursery and vegetable crops can amount to thousands of dollars per acre annually. Until the 1930s, organic amendments — consisting of animal and green manures, coupled with crop rotation — were principal methods of control. But these approaches were largely abandoned for reasons of cost and inconvenience after commercial fertilizers and the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Control of algal production in a high rate algal pond: investigation through batch and continuous experiments

    For decades, arid and semi-arid regions in Africa have faced issues related to water availability for drinking, irrigation and livestock purposes. To tackle these issues, a laboratory scale greywater treatment system based on high rate algal pond (HRAP) technology was investigated in order to guide the operation of the pilot plant implemented in the 2iE campus in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Supply- and demand-side management of water in Gujarat, India: what can we learn?

    Agriculture in Gujarat has grown rapidly over the last decade, driven at least partly by diversification to high value crops and dairying. High value agriculture requires better water control and offers higher returns for irrigation. Farmers, farm communities and the state government in Gujarat have responded to this requirement by implementing large-scale water supply and demand management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Canopy gas exchange measurements of cotton in an open system

    A portable, open transparent chamber system for measuring canopy gas exchanges was developed and tested. Differentials between incoming and outgoing atmospheric H2O and CO2 concentrations were used to calculate canopy transpiration (E) and net assimilation (A) at 10-s intervals using solenoid valve actuated sample lines connected to an infrared gas analyzer. A programmable data logger controlled ...

  • Omaha beach golf course

    The rich green swathes of the new extension of Omaha Golf Course are visual proof of high technol¬ogy at its best, enabling lush ungated grass to survive all year round despite being bordered on two sides by ocean and estuary and buitt on a combination of sand dunes and wetlands. It is a world first, and an international success story for the three main players - local drainlayer Ivor Jones, ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • Separation of solids and disinfection for agronomical use of the effluent from a UASB reactor

    The present work addresses the preparation of the effluent from a full-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for drip irrigation of orange crops. The pilot plant included a lamella plate clarifier followed by a geo-textile blanket filter and a UV disinfection reactor. The clarifier operated with a surface load of 115 m3m−2d−1, whereas the filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Xylem helps Italian Winery toast success

    A case study on the Pasqua Vigneti e Cantine Winery, Verona Italian wine is enjoyed by many all over the world. However, to grow the best grapes, develop the best flavour and ensure success on a global scale, a seamless production process needs to be in place behind the scenes. The family-run Pasqua Winery in Verona, Northern Italy, has been making wine for over ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • California Vineyard Finds Large Role for Compost

    Untitled Document I CAME to Robert Sinskey Vineyards (RSV) with experience in both small and large-scale wine-grape farming, all of it in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Could food shortages bring down civilization?

    One of the toughest things for people to do is to anticipate sudden change. Typically we project the future by extrapolating from trends in the past. Much of the time this approach works well. But sometimes it fails spectacularly, and people are simply blindsided by events such as today’s economic crisis. For most of us, the idea that civilization itself could disintegrate probably seems ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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