leaf vegetable production Articles

  • Normalized difference vegetation index and soil color-based management zones in irrigated maize

    Spectral vegetation indices such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) have been shown to be useful for indirectly obtaining crop information such as photosynthetic efficiency, productivity potential, and potential yield. The objectives of this study were (i) to examine the relationships among NDVI determined early in the growing season, soil color-based management zones (SCMZ), ...

  • Ozone impacts on assimilation and allocation to reproductive sinks in the vegetatively propagated C4 weed, yellow nutsedge

    Crop production in many irrigated agricultural regions is challenged by both air pollution and weed pressure. Impacts of ozone (O3) on C4 plants have received little attention. Yet many important crops and weeds utilize the C4 pathway, including yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.). A previous study suggested that this species may respond to O3 exposure with enhanced allocation of ...

  • Organic coffee production, shade coffee, quality coffee

    Organic coffee can be considered to be passive or active. Passive organic coffee production systems are systems that do not apply any form of chemical input. Active organic coffee production systems also do not apply chemical inputs but in addition they comply with a range of other criteria needed for organic certification. Organic certification is a necessary step if the coffee is to be exported ...

  • Nitrogen uptake by radish, spinach and “Chingensai” from composted tea leaves, coffee waste and kitchen garbage

    A pot experiment was conducted to determine the effects of the application of composted tea leaves (TC), coffee waste (CC), and kitchen garbage (KC) on the nitrogen and nitrate accumulated in radish (Raphanus sativus L. cv. 'radicula pers'), Chingensai (Brassica campestris L. cv. 'Choyo No. 2'), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L. cv. 'Ban chu paruku') as compared with the effect of inorganic 15N ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • How Coffee Rust Affects The Coffee Industry Worldwide

    The coffee rust epidemic has reached a lot of countries all over the world and has been a major problem and threat to coffee plantations all over the world. The rust organism mainly attacks the leaves (though in some rare instances the rust was found on fruits and young stems.). The coffee rust is usually manifested by chlorotic young lessions or pale yellow spots before the sporulation is ...


    By BioNovelus Inc.

  • Compost, manure and synthetic fertilizer influences crop yields, soil properties, nitrate leaching and crop nutrient content

    From 1993 to 2001, a maize-vegetable-wheat rotation was compared using either 1) composts, 2) manure, or 3) synthetic fertilizer for nitrogen nutrient input. From 1993 to1998, red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum L.) were used as an annual winter legume cover crop prior to maize production. From 1999 to 2001, hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) served as the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and O3 differentially alter nitrogen acquisition in Peanut

    Elevated atmospheric CO2 and ozone (O3) may affect productivity of legumes in part by altering symbiotic N2 fixation. To investigate this possibility, measurements of plant biomass, N levels and natural 15N abundance ({delta}15N) were used to examine the effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on N acquisition in field-grown peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) using open-top chambers. Seasonal 12-h daily average ...

  • Editorial - Slam Dunks For Compost

    ISSUE deadlines dictate life in our office. This time around, I just couldn’t stop myself from learning more about the subject matter of the article I was writing. As a result, the entire issue was prepared, and there were three pages left for one of the most exciting articles I have worked on — converting brownfields and vacant lots into highly productive farms and gardens in neighborhoods that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A Breakthrough in Monocot Transformation Methods

    The ability to generate transgenic plants without regard to cultivar or genotype can be considered a holy grail of cereal crop transformation. Despite years of effort, it has been remarkably difficult to develop efficient methods for transformation of cereals. The preferred methods generally involve Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of cultured tissue or immature embryos, followed by callus ...


    By H Smith Plastics LTD

  • Biomimicry: solutions hidden in plain sight

    Some call it arrogance, the way human beings believe it is possible to out-smart nature with science and technology. Now, Houston and other large cities deal with excessive water runoff as a result of cutting down forests and paving over prairie. The fish in most ...

  • Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2016

    Sector Consultation The Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association partnered with Vineland to host a research strategy workshop in November 2014 with the goal of defining the top five research priorities for each crop group. Grower organizations were invited to nominate two representatives to participate on their behalf and a number of researchers from relevant fields were invited to ...

  • BioCycle world

    The Climate Action Reserve (CAR) Board of Directors unanimously adopted the Organic Waste Digestion (OWD) Project Protocol, which provides a standardized approach for quantifying, monitoring and verifying greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions from organic waste diversion projects. Development of the OWD protocol was described in a detailed article in last month’s BioCycle, “GHG Reductions From Organic ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization: Current research

    Materials and Methods Composting To Eradicate Fusarium Graminearum From Infested Livestock FeedInvestigators: Francis J. Larney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada; T. Kelly Turkington, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada Objectives: Fusarium head blight, caused by Fusarium graminearum, could potentially become a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Closed-Loop Companies

    At Big Rock Brewery, spent grain is used as cattle feed. Pictured here is brewmaster Paul Gautreau. Alberta may not always get an A-grade when it comes to the environment, but in some areas the province’s enterprises are on the leading edge. In industries from agriculture to forestry to beer, Alberta businesses are taking their own initiative to become closed-loop producers – that ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Understanding Compost Tea

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Commercial Experiences :Time for (compost) Tea in the Northwest

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Can superfoods boost the planet’s health, too?

    As demand for African and Asian tree-based superfoods grows, researchers and entrepreneurs eye ways to maximize benefits for the environment. It can seem like new health food fads pop up every week — fads that often fade as quickly as they appear. Two gaining steam lately, though, may be worth a longer look: baobab and moringa. Traditional fare in parts of Africa (and for moringa, ...


    By Ensia

  • Compost science journal of advocacy and foresight

    SEVERAL months ago, I started on a journey through the pages of Compost Science, beginning with the Spring, 1960 inaugural issue. I was confident that I could whip through the articles and news items in the several hundred issues of the magazine between 1960 and 2009, and be prepared to write this article for BioCycle’s 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition. Granted, there were interruptions, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Regional roundup

    Ithaca, New YorkCOMPOSTING PET WASTE AT DOG PARKCayuga Compost and Tompkins County Dog Owners Group launched a program on Earth Day this year to collect and compost pet waste at the Ithaca Dog Park. About 5,000 bags are used to collect 1,000 pounds of dog waste every month at the park. Plastic bags were previously provided by Wegmans supermarket, and disposed of in dumpsters going to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

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