liquid manure treatment Articles

  • Biocontained mortality compost using liquid manure

    During disease outbreaks, composting has been used to safely dispose of carcasses and infectious solid manure. However, optimized methods have not been established to use liquid manure (> 80% water content, WC) from dairies as the substrate for mortality composting. In April of 2007, a 3x2 factorial study was conducted in wooden compost bins (240 x 240 x 140 cm) lined with 0.5 mm plastic to a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Physico-Chemical P Removal from the Liquid Fraction of Pig Manure as an Intermediary Step in Manure Processing

    Abstract  Intensive animal farming has resulted in overproduction of manure in parts of the industrialized world. The localized excessive nutrient emission has detrimental effects on both ecology and economy. In response to European guidelines, Flanders (Belgium) has imposed obligations on the agricultural sector to process a portion of the produced animal manure. To achieve the stringent ...


  • Case Study - Manure Magic

    Manure Magic is a patented product that can help support successful manure management programs throughout the world, such as field applications as fertilizer, because of its ability to liquefy the manure, which makes it much easier to administer. Application Examples The increase in regulatory requirements in dealing with animal waste solids has required growers to closely ...


    By DryLet

  • Cover crop and liquid manure effects on soil quality indicators in a corn silage system

    Due to a lack of surface residue and organic matter inputs, continuous corn (Zea mays L.) silage production is one of the most demanding cropping systems imposed on our soil resources. In this study, our objective was to determine if using cover/companion crops and/or applying low-solids liquid dairy manure could improve physical, chemical, and biological soil properties and overall soil quality. ...

  • Dietary cation–anion difference and tetany index of timothy forage fertilized with liquid swine manure

    Incidence of metabolic disorders increases when dairy cows (Bos taurus) are fed forages that have a high dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) (>250 mmolc kg–1 dry matter, DM) or high grass tetany (GT) index (>2.2), both associated with high forage K concentration, often caused by applications of liquid swine manure (LSM). We determined how DCAD and GT index of timothy (Phleum pratense L.), ...

  • Zonejection: Conservation tillage manure nutrient delivery system

    Manure application in minimum till (MT) systems is a challenge worthy of attention because residue cover is a keystone for environmental protection. To develop a system combining zone tillage and manure application into one operation (zonejection), two experiments were conducted. In Exp. 1, liquid swine manure (LSM) was applied in fall or spring for two site years (A, B). In Exp. 2, LSM was ...

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Enhancing nutrient cycling by coupling cover crops with manure injection

    Coupling winter small grain cover crops (CC) with liquid manure injection may increase manure nutrient capture. The objectives of this research were to quantify manure injection effects using target swine (Sus scrofa) manure N rates of 112, 224, and 336 kg N ha–1 on CC plant density, fall and spring shoot biomass, N, P, and K uptake and subsequent corn (Zea mays L.) yield. A winter rye (Secale ...

  • Nitrogen immobilization and mineralization kinetics of cattle, hog, and Turkey manure applied to soil

    Nitrogen mineralization and immobilization following manure application are critical processes influencing plant N supply and offsite N losses. We conducted laboratory experiments to examine the influence of these two processes in addition to N oxide gas production on N availability for 180 d following manure addition. A Tara loam (fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludoll) and a ...

  • Transport Of Fecal Bacteria From Poultry Litter and Cattle Manures Applied to Pastureland

    Abstract  Land applications of manure from confined animal systems and direct deposit by grazing animals are both major sources of bacteria in streams. An understanding of the overland transport mechanisms from land applied waste is needed to improve design of best management practices (BMPs) and modeling of nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. Plots were established on pasturelands receiving ...


  • Evaluation of second-generation Multistage Wastewater Treatment System for the removal of malodors from liquid swine waste

    Wastewater quality and malodors in a second generation implementation of environmentally superior technology (EST) were monitored over three cycles of pig (Sus scrofa) production and 15 mo. The wastewater treatment system consisted of three modules: solids separation, biological N removal, and P recovery/wastewater disinfection. While approximately more than 90% of the wastewater suspended solids ...

  • Effect of tillage and rainfall on transport of manure-applied cryptosporidium parvum oocysts through soil

    Received for publication September 30, 2008. Most waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis have been attributed to agricultural sources due to the high prevalence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in animal wastes and manure spreading on farmlands. No-till, an effective conservation practice, often results in soil having higher water infiltration and percolation rates than conventional tillage. We ...

  • Removal of Phosphorus from livestock effluents

    Received for publication December 12, 2007. For removal of phosphorus (P) from swine liquid manure before land application, we developed a treatment process that produces low P effluents and a valuable P by-product with minimal chemical addition and ammonia losses. The new wastewater process included two sequential steps: (i) biological nitrification and (ii) increasing the pH of the nitrified ...

  • Huxley hutterite brethren colony case study

    A. Farm Description Barn Type: 80 stall free stall barn with saw dust on floor. Manure Handling: Barn houses 80 cows over 8 pits, each 7 feet deep and 12 feet wide. Manure is stored under the slatted floor for 6 months and then agitated and pumped out. B. The Problems: As the pits are pumped ammonia levels rise significantly resulting in problems for barn staff ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Free and Conjugated Estrogen Exports in Surface-Runoff from Poultry Litter–Amended Soil

    Land application of animal manures such as poultry litter is a common practice, especially in states with surplus manure. Past studies have shown that animal manure may contain estrogens, which are classified as endocrine-disrupting chemicals and may pose a threat to aquatic and wildlife species. We evaluated the concentrations of estrogens in surface runoff from experimental plots (5 × 12 ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Financing an anaerobic digester

    LENDERS are generally well disposed to projects that diversify revenues while lowering costs and mitigating risks. Add a ready source of equity and you are well on the way toward financing a project that is a win-win proposition for the lender and the project developer. Such is the case with the anaerobic digester project at Geerlings Hillside Farm (GHF). The Geerlings's 8,000-head hog farm is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Influence of temperature during the initial phase of Composting on biological activity and emission of Ammonia and dinitrogen oxide

    Composting is a robust and cheap biological treatment method useful for all solid biodegradable waste. The performance of composting can vary substantially depending on managing conditions such as oxygen supply and compost temperature. Oxygen and temperature affects the rate of degradation and may also influence emission of NH3 and N2O. The gaseous N losses during composting from organic ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Project aims to produce fertilizer from wastes

    With the highest cattle density in northeastern Wisconsin and urban sprawl sprawling, Brown County has accelerated its investigation into how to handle growing amounts of dairy manure and industrial wastes spread on a diminishing land base.Applying waste on limited crop acreage has led to groundwater contamination issues and pollution problems of lower Green Bay.The solution lies in a value-added ...


    By FEECO International, Inc.

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