livestock productivity improvement Articles

  • African countries must improve livestock data

    Africa still suffers from a lack of good quality data on livestock that could be used to measure and improve progress as well as inform policymaking processes, scientists have said. Good data are crucial for identifying effective public and private sector investment opportunities, and in helpling to improve the ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Agricultural research policy framework for improved livelihoods security in crop-livestock production systems

    Concerns for sustainable development and poverty alleviation are forcing public agricultural research systems to focus on improving livelihoods security. Crop-livestock production systems are central to the livelihood security of the rural poor in India and some other countries of the tropics. With increasing population, urbanisation and incomes, massive increases are foreseen in demands for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pilot scale facility to determine gaseous emissions from livestock slurry during storage

    Livestock production is a growing source of air pollution, locally and to the wider environment. Improved livestock manure management has the potential to reduce environmental impacts, but there is a need for methodologies to precisely quantify emissions. This paper describes and evaluates a novel storage facility for livestock slurry consisting of eight 6.5-m3 cylindrical units. The stores may ...

  • Validation and Improvement of High Nature Value Farmland Identification

    The Concept of High Nature Value (HNV) farmland has been evolving over the last fifteen years in Europe. In the European Union this has been closely linked to the aim of integrating environmental concerns in the Common Agricultural Policy. The idea that nature values, environmental qualities, even cultural heritage are linked to or dependent on farming, also underlies and supports the concept of ...


  • Improving Food Security in the Sahel is difficult, but achievable

    Africa’s Sahel suffers from degraded soils, erratic rainfall, and an exploding population—all of which hold huge implications for the region’s food security. A recent speech quantified just how dire the situation is this year. Valerie Amos, the United Nations coordinator for emergency relief, estimated at a conference in Rome earlier this month that 20 million people in the ...

  • Organic Fertilizer Production Process

    Organic fertilizer Production Process   Mixing original and auxiliary materials   Mixing livestock manure,biogas residue or crop stalks and ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Water footprint of Xiamen city from production and consumption perspectives (2001–2012)

    Providing a comprehensive insight, water footprint (WF) is widely used to analyze and address water-use issues. In this study, a hybrid of bottom-up and top-down methods is applied to calculate, from production and consumption perspectives, the WF for Xiamen city from 2001 to 2012. Results show that the average production WF of Xiamen was 881.75 Mm3/year and remained relatively stable during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Control of algal production in a high rate algal pond: investigation through batch and continuous experiments

    For decades, arid and semi-arid regions in Africa have faced issues related to water availability for drinking, irrigation and livestock purposes. To tackle these issues, a laboratory scale greywater treatment system based on high rate algal pond (HRAP) technology was investigated in order to guide the operation of the pilot plant implemented in the 2iE campus in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preplant herbicides don`t increase forage production of cereal rye interseeded into bermudagrass

    Interseeding cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) into a bermudagrass sod [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] can increase season-long forage production and land use efficiency. However, previous research has shown that competition from the bermudagrass sod can significantly reduce autumn forage production from cereal rye. Our objective was to determine if the application of a preplant herbicide to a ...

  • Detection of universal GMOs marker 35S-Promoter and tNOS-Terminator by using qTOWER 2.2, real-time PCR

    1. Introduction Due to dramatically increment of human population, many countries realized that food insufficiency will be a big issue during the next decade. To improve agriculture and livestock, they started producing genetically modified organisms (GMO) with high productivity of yield and a resistance to insects and pathogenic ...


    By Analytik Jena AG

  • Industrial biotechnology applications for food security in Africa: opportunities and challenges

    Industrial biotechnology promises to help improve food security in Africa by providing alternative farm inputs for crop and livestock production, improving the processing of animal and plant products (and remains) and providing an additional market for farmers. Such innovations could diversify rural economies, create jobs and promote the development of environmentally and economically sustainable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing waste from confined animal feeding operations in the United States: the need for sanitary reform

    Confined food-animal operations in the United States produce more than 40 times the amount of waste than human biosolids generated from US wastewater treatment plants. Unlike biosolids, which must meet regulatory standards for pathogen levels, vector attraction reduction and metal content, no treatment is required of waste from animal agriculture. This omission is of concern based on dramatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulta neous determinat ion of nitrite and nitrate in processed foods

    Nitrite either alone or in combination with nitrate is added to food to preserve the color and taste and to prevent foods from becoming rancid. They are also used in food for their anti-microbial properties. Higher levels in vegetables and leafy greens are possible from the use of nitrate fertilizers and/or livestock manure. Nitrate can be reduced to nitrite at certain physiological conditions in ...


    By Pickering Laboratories, Inc.

  • Human health and trenbolone residue in bovine meat

    In recent years, hormones and hormone–like compounds have been frequently used in vegetable and livestock production to obtain a high yield performance in a shorter period of time. These anabolic agents are used for increasing the rate of weight gain, improving the feed efficiency, storing protein and decreasing fatness (Sawaya et al., 1998). But depending on the use of anabolics in animal feed, ...


    By University of Tehran

  • FLAX SEED LEAFLET

    Flaxseed (Linum usitatissiumum) also known as linseed, is thought to be one of the world’s oldest cultivated crops with evidence of cultivation dating back thousands of years. The crop is prized for its fibre and oil. The fibre, obtained from the stocks of the plant, is used to make fine linen and paper. The oil is used primarily for industrial purposes. The oil is probably best ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Worms & Black Castings for an Abundance of Healthy Crops

    Earthworms are more than just good fishing buddies, they naturally incorporate organic material into the soil, increasing the amount of microbes, improving the health of the soil, and increasing plant productivity. Both worms and black castings from worms provide your garden or farm with a nutrient rich and robust environment, able to ...


    By Vermitechnology Unlimited

  • Conserving and enhancing maize genetic resources as global public goods–a perspective from CIMMYT

    The growing demands for food, feed, and bioenergy worldwide will require a 2% per annum increase in global maize (Zea mays L.) production. Maize is one of the most important staple food crops across the developing world as well as being an important feed crop for global livestock production and the emerging biofuel industry. Maize genotypes can range from 0.5 to 5 m standing height at flowering, ...

  • Land, water, and forests : assets for climate resilient development in Africa

    Africa is a continent rich in natural resources. Its land, water, and forests underpin the sustained productivity of food crops and livestock on which millions of Africans depend directly for their livelihood and survival. These resources are major assets on which most countries depend for economic growth and sustainable development. In the face of growing climate change threats, such as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rising Meat Consumption Takes Big Bite out of Grain Harvest

    http://www.earth-policy.org/data_highlights/2011/highlights22 World consumption of animal protein is everywhere on the rise. Meat consumption increased from 44 million tons in 1950 to 284 million tons in 2009, more than doubling annual consumption per person to over 90 pounds. The rise in consumption of milk and eggs is equally dramatic. Wherever incomes rise, so does meat consumption. ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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