long-term plant watering system Articles

  • Model forecasts long-term impacts of forest land-use decisions

    The drive to develop crops for use as biofuel, continues to raise questions about additional uses of forest land.  A cutting edge computer model developed at North Carolina State University offers detailed insight to predict the environmental impact – along with understanding forest ecosystem response to global climate change. “We think the model will help policy makers and ...

  • The California rice cropping system: agronomic and natural resource issues for long-term sustainability

    California rice is produced on approximately 200,000 ha mostly in the Sacramento Valley. The crop is planted in April/May and harvested in September/October. The growing season is characterized by a Mediterranean climate with negligible rainfall, high solar radiation, and relatively cold nighttime temperatures, thus yields may exceed 9 t ha−1, 20% above the US average. California is a ...


    By Springer

  • Long-term fertilizer experiment network in China: Crop yields and soil nutrient trends

    Results are summarized for the first 15 yr of an eight-site, long-term experimental network in China designed to assess the sustainability of cropping systems in environments representing 70% of Chinese cropland. Systems were wheat–maize double cropping (two crops per year) at four sites, wheat–rice double cropping, rice-based triple cropping, and wheat or maize single cropping. Without ...

  • Using Compost To Control Plant Diseases

    Losses due to soilborne diseases on some greenhouse, nursery and vegetable crops can amount to thousands of dollars per acre annually. Until the 1930s, organic amendments — consisting of animal and green manures, coupled with crop rotation — were principal methods of control. But these approaches were largely abandoned for reasons of cost and inconvenience after commercial fertilizers and the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Case study: fish processing plant wastewater treatment

    Abstract This presentation describes the full scale installation of a wastewater treatment system at the Ocean Gold Seafood ("OCS") plant in Westport, Washington, USA. Local Government requires that fish processors remove total suspended solids (TSS), fats, oil and grease (FOGs) and colloidal materials almost completely in order to allow for efficient disinfection. The OCS plant had only ...

  • Case Study - Onion and Garlic Dehydration Plant

    Empire, Washoe County, Nevada, USA Geothermal Development Associates (GDA) designed a geothermal heating system for a large commercial vegetable dehydration plant located in the remote San Emidio Desert, about 160 kilometers north of Reno, Nevada, USA. Phase I of this project utilizes 63 l/sec of geothermal brine at 150°C to dehydrate either onions or garlic, depending ...

  • Cattail plants’ Biomass as a bulking agent in sewage Sludge composting and the effect of the produced Compost on cattail plants’ Growth

    In every Greek island there is at least one town with more than 20,000 inhabitants. Several smaller towns and villages range from a few hundreds to a few thousands in population. Usually in the larger towns there are sewage treatment facilities providing at least secondary treatment of wastewater. In most cases the effluent produced is drained to the sea and the sludge is dumped in landfills. In ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


  • What is it about this soil that protects plants from devastating disease?

    Figuring out why certain soils keep plant parasites at bay could be a boon for agriculture around the globe Plants around the world are constantly under attack — often with big implications for humans. In the 1960s, millions of elm trees in Britain, France and the U.S. fell victim to Dutch elm disease, which clogs the vessels that carry life-giving water to the trees’ leaves. ...


    By Ensia

  • A model approach to evaluate irrigation system water balance: an example from the Gediz Basin, Turkey

    An increase in the amount of water used for agriculture has resulted in the need for water savings and measurements in the agricultural sector. With the increasing competition for water, not only should irrigation water be considered, but also an approach encompassing the total water balance is necessary. A clear understanding of all the components of the water balance is essential so as to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Contained Composting Systems Rewiew

    Having gained success in recycling yard trimmings, composters and recycling coordinators are reaching deeper into the organic residuals pile to capture other feedstocks. In particular, their sights are set on source separated food materials, from institutions (e.g. schools, hospitals), grocery stores and produce markets, food processors and commercial food service facilities (e.g. restaurants). A ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • LA NIVELLE, France: Grand Systeme–Major agricultural pollution (unstable turbidity, pesticides and micro-organisms) and variation in water demand during the summer period.

    La Nivelle Ultrafiltration plant in the Basque country meets several constraints.The first is to provide a constant supply to the towns of Saint Jean de Luz, Ciboure and Urrugne, with the population varying from 20,000 to 100,000 inhabitants for a few months of the year.The second constraint is related to the agricultural and livestock farming activities. The quality of the raw water is not ...

  • Recent Papers on Water Reuse in Irrigation and Agriculture

    The long-term goal of this research is to develop the infra-technologies to reclaim effluents from wastewater treatment plants and reuse them for agricultural water demands. The objectives of this were: 1) to study the effects of various wastewater treatment levels on crop growth and yields; 2) to determine the pollution loads from wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Garden shop uses rainwater for bedding plants to beat the hosepipe ban

    With the all the rain water falling on the shop’s roof, plus the new yard roof, and being free of charge, Matthew decided to fit rainwater harvesting. He wanted to be able to water the bedding plants and flowers, which are such an important attraction for clients of the shop. The Site Yalden Garden Store in Chalfont St Giles, South Bucks, is a popular shopping destination ...

  • Soil and water: towards a larger-scale perspective of their relations

    Land use changes over time have altered relations between soils and water cycles throughout Europe. There are regions where forests were cut for agriculture or herding, or for industrial, mining, and/or railroad use. Soils were lost, through mud floods, and the water cycles changed so that their present status is one of badlands and/or desert-like areas. Early stages in the path to degradation ...

  • How to grow more food with less water

    Scientists and farmers collaborate on a quest for more efficient irrigation This story was co-published with Civil Eats, a daily news source for critical thought about the American food system. From reading the weather to choosing a ...


    By Ensia

  • Integrated system: Mulch and topsoil fit the bill in Florida

    Company offers a recycled alternative to cypress mulch and processes fines for soil blends. As the owner of a civil engineering firm and partner in a development company in Florida, Tim Jelus has plenty of experience with organic residuals generated by land clearing and construction and demolition (C&D) projects. A few years ago, he saw this material as an opportunity for a recycling ...


  • Expanding the applications of micro irrigation `Drip` treatment and disposal systems in Delaware

    Abstract An 18–month field evaluation of four micro–irrigation "drip" treatment and disposal systems was conducted to determine if reducing the separation distance between the bottom of the drip–line and the seasonal high water table (limiting condition) could be reduced from 18 inches to 12 inches. In this study three systems did not have advanced ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Large-scale irrigation - Understanding energy-water-food connections

    Original story at MIT News An MIT team is providing new understanding of the growing interconnections among three critical resources: energy, water and food. The work focuses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, where irrigation water is increasingly pumped from underground, a practice that is intensifying a preexisting shortage of energy. Using new and ...

  • Irrigation water requirements for seed corn and coffee under potential climate change scenarios

    The impact of potential future climate change scenarios on the irrigation water requirements (IRRs) of two major agricultural crops (coffee and seed corn) in Hawai'i was studied using the Irrigation Management System (IManSys) model. In addition to IRRs calculations, IManSys calculates runoff, deep percolation, canopy interception, and effective rainfall based on plant growth parameters, site ...


    By IWA Publishing

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