manure nitrogen Articles

  • Nitrogen immobilization and mineralization kinetics of cattle, hog, and Turkey manure applied to soil

    Nitrogen mineralization and immobilization following manure application are critical processes influencing plant N supply and offsite N losses. We conducted laboratory experiments to examine the influence of these two processes in addition to N oxide gas production on N availability for 180 d following manure addition. A Tara loam (fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludoll) and a ...

  • Phytase supplemented poultry diets affect soluble phosphorus and nitrogen in manure and manure-amended soil

    Understanding P and N dynamics in manure-amended soil is essential for estimating the environmental impact of manure utilization in land applications. A laboratory incubation study was conducted to assess, (i) the effect of feeding a standard Australian commercial diet, and diets modified with phytase supplementation and reduced nonphytase phosphorus (NPP), on the concentrations of P and N (total ...

  • Nitrogen losses from dairy manure estimated through nitrogen mass balance and chemical markers

    Received for publication February 13, 2009. Ammonia is an important air and water pollutant, but the spatial variation in its concentrations presents technical difficulties in accurate determination of ammonia emissions from animal feeding operations. The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between ammonia volatilization and 15N of dairy manure and the feasibility of ...

  • Unlocking the potential of poultry manure

    The poultry industry is one of the largest and fastest-growing agro-based industries in the world. At the same time, the growth brings along a number of environmental problems. One of the major environmental problems is the accumulation of large amounts of wastes, e.g. manure. In order to mitigate these problems new economically sustainable technologies are needed. Manure has often been ...


    By Ductor Corp.

  • Poul-AR Valorization of poultry manure - Fertilizer and energy from poultry manure

    Application In contrast with generic manure types, poultry manure is very rich in nutrients as nitrogen (N) & phosphorus (P), but also in organic material. Both the form and the N/P ratio in which the nutrients are present make the manure less suitable for direct application as natural fertilizer. It leads to the release of large and undesired amounts of volatile ammonia into the ...


    By Colsen International b.v.

  • Chicken Manure Management, Recycling, and Composting

    Chicken Manure Fertilizer Manufacturing Process If you have chickens, you will have manure. Fortunately, chicken manure is among the most prized of manures. Fresh chicken manure is considered a “hot” manure, which is unsuitable for immediate use. Chicken manure needs to be composted and aged at least two to three months before you add it to your garden. If you don’t wait ...

  • Effects of reducing dietary nitrogen on ammonia emissions from manure on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall dairy barn at low (0–20°C) temperatures

    Received for publication December 30, 2008. This study was conducted to determine the potential for reducing ammonia (NH3) emissions from manure deposited on the floor of a naturally ventilated free stall barn by mid-lactation dairy cows fed reduced or normal N diets. Two crude protein (CP) diets (178 g kg–1 [high] and 159 g kg–1 [low] dry matter ), were used. The diets were fed to 48 Holstein ...

  • Nutrient transport characteristics of livestock manure in a farmlan

    Background :Livestock excretions containing high concentration of nutrient, pig liquid fertilizer, and cattle manure were applied to agricultural land. The characteristics of nutrient transport were examined in surface runoff and groundwater by an artificial rainfall event at real scale field site. Also, the effects of the artificial rainfall event on the characteristics of residual soil after ...

  • Removal and recovery of ammonia from chicken manure

    The feasibility of the conversion of organic nitrogen available in raw chicken manure (CM) into ammonia via hydrolysis and the removal of ammonia from anaerobically digested manure were evaluated in this study. Firstly, the hydrolysis experiments were performed and the effects of temperature, total solids (TS) content and retention time were investigated. The results showed that 90% of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production

    Introduction of Animal Manure or Sludge Organic Fertilizer Production Line Organic fertilizer production line is designed for producing organic fertilizer from animal manure or sludge, without any chemical ingredients. As chickens, pigs have a poor digestion, can only consume 25% of the nutrients, so other 75% of feed nutrients with feces discharge can be produced to the dry ...

  • Dutch Farmers Find It Pays To Manage Poultry Manure

    Poultry farmers in Holland face challenges similar to their North American counterparts in dealing with manure from concentrated operations where there is insufficient cropland for application. This creates a need for exporting manure from the producing farm to users in other places. Poultry operations in Holland differ from most North American poultry farms in that most are not vertically ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The mineralization of nitrogen from compost in the tropics

    The application of organic matter is very important in maintaining high and stable crop yields under tropical conditions. Most of tropical soils are characterised by low content of organic matter and low structure stability. Animal wastes contain many nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and other minerals. In addition to supplying nutrients, the application of animal wastes also ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Co-composting of poultry manure with low quantities of carbon-rich materials

    To study the feasibility of co-composting poultry manure with low quantities of high-value, carbon-rich materials experiments to characterize three pilot-scale piles were carried out. The piles comprised poultry manure (pile 1), poultry manure and straw (pile 2) and poultry manure and sawdust (pile 3), using wood chips as bulking agent. Pile 1 presented the highest losses of organic matter and ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Cover crop effects on the fate of N following soil application of swine manure

    Abstract  Cereal grain cover crops increase surface cover, anchor corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] residues, increase infiltration, reduce both rill and interrill erosion, scavenge excess nutrients from the soil, and are easily obtained and inexpensive compared to other cover crop options. The use of cereal grain cover crops in fields where manure application occurs ...


    By Springer

  • Barley yield and nutrient uptake for soil amended with fresh and composted cattle manure

    Limited research exists on the long-term effect of fresh (FM) versus composted manure (CM) from beef cattle on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) yield and nutrient uptake. Barley was grown (1999–2007) as silage on an irrigated clay loam soil in southern Alberta where organic amendments and fertilizer were annually applied for 9 yr in the fall of 1998 to 2006. The treatments were three rates (13, 39, 77 ...

  • Nitrate leaching in two irrigated soils with different rates of cattle manure

    Received for publication December 15, 2008. Manure applied to irrigated land may potentially contaminate groundwater with NO3–N. An 8-yr field experiment was conducted in southern Alberta, Canada, to determine the effects of different rates of manure on NO3–N accumulation in two irrigated soil types and NO3–N leaching to shallow groundwater. An annual cereal silage was grown at each site and ...

  • Barley yield and nutrient uptake for soil amended with fresh and composted cattle manure

    Limited research exists on the long-term effect of fresh (FM) versus composted manure (CM) from beef cattle on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) yield and nutrient uptake. Barley was grown (1999–2007) as silage on an irrigated clay loam soil in southern Alberta where organic amendments and fertilizer were annually applied for 9 yr in the fall of 1998 to 2006. The treatments were three rates (13, 39, 77 ...

  • Dairy cattle manure improves soil productivity in low residue rotation systems

    Mineral fertilizer alone may not sustain soil productivity in cropping systems that return little crop residues to the soil, unless additional organic residues and/or manure is applied regularly to the soil. The objective of the present study was to assess the long-term effects of mineral fertilization (No fertilizer, PK, and NPK) and manure addition (0 and 20 Mg ha–1 yr–1) on soil physical and ...

  • Long-term changes in Mollisol organic Carbon and Nitrogen

    Conversions of Mollisols from prairie to cropland and subsequent changes in crop production practices in the Midwestern USA have resulted in changes in soil organic matter. Few studies have used archived samples, long-term resampling of soils to a depth of 1 m, and space for time studies to document these changes. We resampled soils by depth (0–100 cm) in fields at 19 locations in central ...

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