micro-irrigation product Articles

  • The effects of surface water abstraction for rice irrigation on floodplain fish production in Bangladesh

    Abstraction of surface water for irrigation poses a serious threat to the sustainability of floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh. Previous fisheries research has accorded a central role to dry-season (Rabi) water maintenance in safeguarding the health of the fishery, but rice irrigation water abstraction dries up water bodies at a rapid rate. Having reviewed various aspects of this water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aerated biofilter with seasonally varied operation modes for the production of irrigation water

    Water reuse for agricultural irrigation can contribute to the conservation of valuable water resources and opens the possibility to reuse the wastewater's nutrients (N and P) at the same time. As irrigation is usually limited to vegetation periods, effluent requirements for treated wastewater may vary seasonally. A process concept for wastewater treatment with variable operation modes for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Raising water productivity

    With water shortages emerging as a constraint on food production growth, the world needs an effort to raise water productivity similar to the one that nearly tripled land productivity during the last half of the twentieth century. Worldwide, average irrigation water productivity is now roughly 1 kilogram of grain per ton of water used. Since it takes 1,000 tons of water to produce 1 ton of grain, ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Coffee production systems

    Types of production systems Roughly, five types of coffee production systems can be distinguished (Moguel, 1996, in Courville, forthcoming): 1)Traditional rustic coffee system: coffee production under forest trees by substitution of plants growing on the floor of a (sub)-tropical forest with coffee. There is a minimal impact on the original forest ecosystem; 2)Traditional polyculture system ...


  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • Cultivating energy crop production

    A NEW Farm Bill is moving through the Congressional legislative process. Along the way, commercial agriculture is debating the energy impacts of future corn and soybean production. The growth of corn-based ethanol and soybean-based biodiesel has created competition for the feed inputs into animal agriculture, namely corn and soybeans. While most of agriculture discusses energy production from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The effect of rigid scheduling on productivity and water-use of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown under small-scale irrigation

    This paper evaluates the results of a study highlighting the effect of rigid scheduling on crop water use and soil water extraction patterns, crop coefficients, crop response functions and water-use efficiency (WUE). The cumulative Penman potential evapotranspiration (Etp) at the end of the season reached around 400 mm and the total depth of water applied between planting and harvest through ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clock House Farm: optimising growing conditions and irrigation efficiency in high volume soft fruit production - Case Study

    Clock House farm nestles in the rolling hills of Kent a few miles south of Maidstone in the UK. The expansive 250 acre farm grows a variety of fruit, including strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

  • Rice production with minimal irrigation and no nitrogen fertilizer by intensive use of treated municipal wastewater

    We designed a new cultivation system of rice with circulated irrigation to remove nitrogen from treated municipal wastewater effectively and assessed the possibility of nitrogen removal in the new system without any adverse effects on rice production through bench-scale experiments through two seasons. Overgrowth of the rice plant, which can lead to lodging and tasteless rice, was found in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Net biome productivity of irrigated and rainfed maize–soybean rotations: modeling vs. Measurements

    Estimates of agricultural C sequestration require an understanding of how net ecosystem productivity (NEP) and net biome productivity (NBP) are affected by land use. Such estimates will most likely be made using mathematical models that have undergone well-constrained tests against field measurements of CO2 exchange as affected by management. We tested a hydraulically driven soil–plant–atmosphere ...

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

  • Deficit irrigation optimization of cotton with aquacrop

    Given the current pressures to reduce irrigation water use, it is important to optimize the use of water in irrigated agriculture. This work was aimed at determining the optimum level of applied irrigation water (AIW) for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in southern Spain under several climatic and agricultural policy scenarios. To generate the yield response to variations in AIW, we ...

  • Single irrigation can achieve relatively high production and water use efficiency of siberian wildrye grass in the semiarid agropastoral ecotone of North China

    Siberian wildrye grass (Elymus sibiricus L.) is widely planted in the agropastoral ecotone of North China (APENC). Scheduled irrigation is an important approach to increase the forage yield in this semiarid region. Based on field experiments conducted in Bashang Plateau in APENC during 2002 to 2004, we studied the feasibility of applying single irrigation (SI) to increase forage yield by bringing ...

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of deficit irrigation and fertilization on cucumber

    Soil water budgets are essential in determining the proper timing and amount of irrigation. Organic fertilizers can be substituted for commercial fertilizers; however, information is sparse on the interaction of irrigation management and nutrient source on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) production. This study evaluated nutrient source and irrigation management on growth and yield of cucumber grown ...

  • LCA of integrated orange production in the Comunidad Valenciana (Spain)

    In order to perform an LCA of integrated orange production in the Comunidad Valenciana two representative areas were studied. The functional unit was 1 kg oranges at the farm gate. Eight scenarios were considered according to type of irrigation, the origin of water and the tillage practice. The production of agrochemicals, the production and use of energy in agriculture (for irrigation and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Household water constraints and agricultural labour productivity in Tanzania

    While previous research has analysed the links between drinking water access and health, and to some extent between health and agriculture, the direct impact of household water access on agricultural productivity has hardly been studied. We address this research gap, using survey data from Tanzania. Regression models show that water access constraints significantly decrease labour productivity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Corn Production in the Bowen Food Basin - Case Study

    In Bowen, Queensland, in 2010, Hibrix was compared with a high NPK mineral fertiliser program for the production of maize cv. Hycorn 675IT on an alluvial sandy loam soil irrigated via sub-surface drip tape. At commercial harvest, cobs from 20 randomly selected plants per plot from were harvested, weighed and the length, girth at the cob base and length of tip not filled with kernels was measured. ...


    By NW Solutions

  • Development of Indonesian Fish Farming & Aquaculture Production

    Part 1.Fish Farms Market Overview in Indonesia Part 2.Reasons Why Fishery Industry Develops Fast in Indonesia Part 3.Fish Farm Types in Indonesian Part 4.Sustainable Development of the Fishery in Indonesia Fish Farms Market Overview in Indonesia Fish farming is the ...

  • Biocontrol of aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin b1 production in corn

    Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus are the most important aflatoxin-producing filamentous fungi. They can occur in several plant products, like spices, cereals and oily seeds (Jelinek 1998, Pittet, 1998 and Lewellyn, 1992). Aflatoxins (AF) are secondary metabolites with a high carcinogenic potential, especially in liver tissue. In addition the aflatoxins possess an acute toxicity at ...


    By University of Tehran

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