pipe root control Articles

  • Combined particle swarm optimization and fuzzy inference system model for estimation of current-induced scour beneath marine pipelines

    In this paper the capability of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is employed to deal with an Adaptive Network based Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) model's inherent shortcomings to extract optimum fuzzy if–then rules in noisy areas arising from the application of nondimensional variables to estimate scour depth. In the model, a PSO algorithm is employed to optimize the clustering parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scalewatcher Banishes Limescale In Gardens And Greenhouses

    In hard water areas, automated watering systems, sprinkler irrigation systems and greenhouse-misting systems clog with limescale, plant leaves develop white scale deposits and over-spray causes limescale build-up on greenhouse windows. Scalewatcher North America, manufacturers of the original, patented and award-winning computerized electronic water-conditioner, Scalewatcher®, has a range of ...

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • How to grow more food with less water

    Scientists and farmers collaborate on a quest for more efficient irrigation This story was co-published with Civil Eats, a daily news source for critical thought about the American food system. From reading the weather to choosing a ...


    By Ensia

  • Compost science journal of advocacy and foresight

    SEVERAL months ago, I started on a journey through the pages of Compost Science, beginning with the Spring, 1960 inaugural issue. I was confident that I could whip through the articles and news items in the several hundred issues of the magazine between 1960 and 2009, and be prepared to write this article for BioCycle’s 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition. Granted, there were interruptions, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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