plant biology Articles

  • The DNA of the U.S. Regulatory System: Are We Getting It Right For Synthetic Biology?

    U.S. regulatory oversight of synthetic biology across the board needs to be modernized to reflect and address the promising technologies routinely entering the market. From a statutory perspective, the pertinent laws appear sufficiently broad to empower federal agencies to address potential risks and promote the potential benefits of synthetic biology. The regulatory infrastructure, however, is ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • How plants grow and develop

    How does a complete plant with stems, leafs and flowers develop from a tiny clump of seemingly identical cells? For a very long time, the mechanism of tissue formation in plants remained unclear. The biochemists from Wageningen University also would not have come up with the answer if it wasn’t for their model building colleagues that simulated plant development with their mathematical ...

  • Five Ways to Manage the Soil for Planting

    The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production. Proper soil management ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Using Compost To Control Plant Diseases

    Losses due to soilborne diseases on some greenhouse, nursery and vegetable crops can amount to thousands of dollars per acre annually. Until the 1930s, organic amendments — consisting of animal and green manures, coupled with crop rotation — were principal methods of control. But these approaches were largely abandoned for reasons of cost and inconvenience after commercial fertilizers and the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Exploring photosynthesis and plant stress using inexpensive chlorophyll fluorometers

    Mastering the concept of photosynthesis is of critical importance to learning plant physiology and its applications, but seems to be one of the more challenging concepts in biology. This teaching challenge is no doubt compounded by the complexity by which plants alter photosynthesis in different environments. Here we suggest the use of chlorophyll fluorometers in the undergraduate plant ...

  • The influence of soil on vegetation structure and plant diversity in different tropical savannic and forest habitats

    Abstract Aims Soil plays an important role in the formation and heterogeneity of habitats and thus can cause changes in vegetation structure and plant diversity. The differentiation between Cerrado/savanna and forest is well known, but the relationship between soil and habitats from savannic or forest formations still needs to be better understood, particularly in tropical ...


    By Jansen Poultry Equipment

  • A New Generation of GMOs

    Is synthetic biology on its way to our farms, markets and tables? Thousands of researchers will descend on Boston this fall for an event billed as the world’s largest gathering of synthetic biologists. The field is evolving so rapidly that even scientists working in it  ...


    By Ensia

  • Molecular genetics of pathogenic oomycetes

    Parasitic and pathogenic lifestyles have evolved repeatedly in eukaryotes (93). Several parasitic eukaryotes represent deep phylogenetic lineages, suggesting that they feature unique molecular processes for infecting their hosts. One such group is formed by the oomycetes. Traditionally, due to their filamentous growth habit, oomycetes have been classified in the kingdom Fungi. However, modern ...

  • Statistical modelling of the hormetic dose zone and the toxic potency completes the quantitative description of hormetic dose responses

    Quantifying the characteristics of hormesis provides valuable insights into this low‐dose phenomenon and helps to display and capture its variability. A prerequisite to do so is a statistical procedure allowing to quantify general hormetic features, namely the maximum stimulatory response, the ‘dose range of hormesis’, and the distance from the maximum stimulation to the dose where hormesis ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Implication of microRNA deregulation in the response of vertebrates to endocrine disrupting chemicals

    MicroRNAs are recently discovered small regulatory molecules that control messenger RNA (mRNA) translation in plants and animals and have been implicated in a variety of hormone‐related physiological pathways. Estrogens, thyroid hormones, and gonadotropins all are known to act on miRNA abundance to cause major shifts in cellular activity, physiology, and homeostatic control mechanisms. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Release of transgenic bacterial inoculants - rhizobia as a case study

    The current debate on the release of genetically modified organisms to the environment must be informed by scientific data obtained from field studies. Many of the microorganisms that have potential applications outside the laboratory, especially in agriculture and horticulture, could be improved by genetic modification. Rhizobia, the bacteria that form N2-fixing symbioses with leguminous plants, ...


    By Springer

  • Clonal variation in reproductive response to temperature by a potential bulking control agent, Lecane inermis (Rotifera)

    The novel idea of using rotifers Lecane inermis (Rotifera, Monogononta) as a tool to overcome activated sludge bulking generates an on-going need to study rotifer biology. The results of biological research on rotifers can serve to improve the method so that it can be most effective when applied in treatment plants. The aim of this study was to test the effect of temperature on four selected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cheap chemicals entice caterpillar-eating wasps to crops

    It may be a win-win situation: treating seeds with commercially available growth promoters before planting could have the added benefit of attracting parasitic wasps that feed on caterpillar pests, suggests a study. The protective effect of these cheap, commercially available chemicals, known as ‘plant strengtheners’, can help protect young ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Affordable Orlando Organic Fertilizers, Healthy Soil for Vegetables & Crops

    The success of a garden or crops is directly affected by the health of the soil ecosystem, creating a bounty of delicious vegetables and beautiful flowers. For true sustainability, maximum nutrition and amazing flavor, organic fertilizers and black worm castings are the the answer. How to Create Healthy Soil? Don’t use synthetic fertilizer or harmful chemicals. “When ...


    By Vermitechnology Unlimited

  • Biopesticides Examined for Role in Field Production

    Biopesticides deserve respect. Once derided as snake oil, today’s products have proven benefits in suppressing pest organisms. Whether they activate plant defenses, parasitize or inhibit pathogen growth or make the environment less favourable to disease, they can play an integral role in crop protection. While the greenhouse sector first excelled at incorporating biopesticides in controlled ...

  • Genetically engineered flax: potential benefits, risks, regulations, and mitigation of transgene movement

    Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) has been grown for more than 6000 years, primarily for oil and fiber. Advances in plant biotechnology have resulted in flax cultivars with increased herbicides resistance and there is potential to produce transgenic flax with seed oil containing fatty acids with nutraceutical properties. Flax oil is a rich source of -linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3cis9,12,15), a precursor ...

  • Analyzing Biomass Dynamics and changes in species composition across a California Grassland with the UniSpec-DC

    A research group from Michigan State University (Department of Plant Biology) is using the UniSpec-DC to analyze biomass dynamics and changes in species composition across a California grassland system, as they relate to management techniques including prescribed burning, prescribed grazing, and reseeding of native grasses. They are interested in enhancing the understanding of grassland dynamics ...


    By PP Systems

  • Hyphal growth: a tale of motors, lipids, and the spitzenkorper

    Filamentous fungi are a large and evolutionarily successful group of organisms of enormous ecological importance (27, 114). Fungi also have a considerable impact on our economy because they serve as bio-factories for the industrial production of proteins (90, 130) and because many fungi are human and plant pathogens that pose a threat to public health and agriculture (1, 105, 124). The basic ...

  • Better photosynthesis for a better world?

    There’s no question that plants are better than most other life forms at converting carbon dioxide and sunlight into the sugars that form the basis of our global food web — and eventually, humans’ entire food supply. But fact of the matter is, with conversion rates hovering around 2 percent for our best crop fields, they’re by no means great. Even a slight increase in the ...


    By Ensia

  • Compost Science & Utilization current research March 2007

    Crop Response Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost Investigators: William F. Brinton and Eric Evans, Woods End Research Laboratory, Inc., Mt. Vernon, Maine Objectives: To determine the quantity of total and water-soluble boron in compost and other sources and their relationship to plant performance and toxicity symptoms; and to establish toxicity thresholds ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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