plant genetic Articles

  • Players, property rights and research in the plant sector: a historical perspective

    Before we can speak about the different options for the future of management and the definition of property rights for living organisms in terms of property rights, access and benefit-sharing linked to genetic resources, it is necessary to analyse past developments. This gives us a better understanding and thus allows us to anticipate for the future, the links that could exist between the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Patent in genetic technology

    Genetic technology, as a newly emerging technology, has brought a profound impact on the world. The achievement of genetic technology necessitates legal protection. Patent law protection will greatly promote science and genetic economy development. However, patent law protection also raises numerous questions and disputes. Starting from the concept of gene, this paper analyses the gene sequence, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The dissemination of genetically modified organisms in Brazil

    Authorised for commercialisation in the USA since 1994, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) were quickly disseminated in this country as well as in Canada, Mexico and Argentina. However, Brazil has remained outside of this process of diffusion. The objective of this article is to analyse the factors that limit the diffusion process of GMOs in Brazil. The article emphasises the polarisation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Are genetically modified (GM) crops a commercial risk for Africa?

    What risks might Africa face if it decided to plant genetically modified (GM) agricultural crops? A rough calculation based on current export profiles for one sampling of eastern and southern African countries suggests that the commercial export risks incurred outside of Africa would be quite small. Most of Africa's exports of goods that might be considered GM currently go to other African ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The evolving rights to intellectual property protection in the agricultural biosciences

    Pressures from the USA and Europe have resulted in the proliferation of stronger intellectual property protection worldwide, as a condition for continued access to world markets. The failure of crops other than soybeans, cotton, maize and canola in developed countries to benefit from the major innovations in genetic modification raises questions regarding the implications of increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomethanol From Sugar Beet Pulp

    According to Atlantic Biomass Conversions, sugar beet pulp, currently of low value to sugar beet growers and processors, could become a significant source of renewable fuel methanol. Nearly 700 million liters of fuel cell quality methanol could be produced annually from sugar beet pulp produced by existing EU and US sugar beet refineries. Atlantic Biomass Conversions, a company based in ...

  • Plant biotechnology and agricultural supply industry restructuring

    The strategic horizon of the agricultural supply industry (pesticides and seeds) is darkened by grave uncertainties. These are the result of the growing multiform resistance of society to the present or potential risks of genetically modified organisms to health and the environment. They are also the consequences of counter-strategies implemented by economic players who are close to final ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A GM subsistence crop in Africa: the case of Bt white maize in South Africa

    The Republic of South Africa (RSA) is the first developing country to plant genetically modified staple food – Bt white maize. The following paper describes the development and spread of Bt maize in RSA that started in 1998. After that, based on surveys of 33 large commercial Bt maize farmers and 368 smallholders in 2001/2, it shows that Bt maize gives higher yields for both groups and reduces ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Social resistance to biotechnology: attempts to create a Genetically Modified-free territory in Brazil

    This paper looks at the attempt to create a territory free of transgenic crops in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Although the state government had legal grounds under federal law and court decisions that banned these crops in Brazil, resistance by groups representing local farmers managed to disseminate the planting of transgenic soybeans in the state. The reasons for the government's ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How biotechnology is changing the structure of the seed industry

    The seed industry has been in a state of restructuring for many years now. New firms have entered the industry and old players have merged. Firms from various backgrounds now compete in supplying seed to agriculture and horticulture traditional seed companies, new biotechnology firms, agrochemical companies, food processors and wholesalers/retailers. As biotechnology enables the enhancement of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Do national access regimes promote the use of genetic resources and benefit sharing?

    This paper examines the implementation of national regimes on access to genetic resources in a number developing countries, particularly in the members of the Andean Community. It discusses the principles of the Convention on Biological Diversity that inspired such regimes, the main aspects of the adopted legislation, the expectations that countries had while introducing it and the problems faced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing the precautionary principle in the regulation of genetically modified organisms

    This article seeks to clarify and then assess the regulatory legitimacy of the Precautionary Principle (PP). The investigation proceeds by way of an example, the commercialisation of genetically modified pest protected plants (GMPPPs). First, I sort the various formulations of the PP into two categories - weak and strong. Weak versions afford regulators significant latitude as to what counts as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impact of using GM insect resistant maize in Europe since 1998

    Genetically Modified (GM) insect resistant (Bt) maize crops have been grown commercially in the European Union (EU) since 1998, and in 2006, there were plantings in seven EU member states. This paper reviews the specific economic impacts on yield and farm income as well as the environmental impact in respect of insecticide usage (where data exists). The analysis shows that there have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An analysis of Bt corn's benefits and risks for national and regional policymakers considering Bt corn adoption

    This paper examines important factors for policymakers to consider when making a decision to adopt Bt corn planting and commercialisation, by analysing the market, environmental, and health benefits and risks of Bt corn as well as current regulatory policies that may affect trade. Bt corn, genetically modified to produce a pesticidal protein, has benefits that include improved yield, decreased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Full-sib reciprocal recurrent selection with the use of doubled Haploids

    Doubled haploids are increasingly used in plant breeding, especially in maize (Zea mays L.) breeding. Their use can deeply change the interest of recurrent selection for the development of new hybrids. To show this, a full-sib reciprocal recurrent selection scheme using doubled haploids (DH FS-RRS) is proposed. Doubled haploid lines are derived from each population and they are then pair-crossed, ...

  • Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs): impacts on developing countries

    This paper sets out the potential impacts of GURTs on various developing countries. The impact on any country depends on a number of important factors existing biotechnology capability, capacity for developing biotechnology, and the country's suitability for planting non-hybridised modern varieties. For a large group of developing countries the potential impact from GURTs will be dependent on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genetics of leaf rust resistance in the soft red winter wheat ‘Caldwell’

    The soft red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) ‘Caldwell’ has effective resistance to leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina. To determine the genetic basis of this resistance, Caldwell was crossed with the leaf rust–susceptible spring wheat ‘Thatcher’, and the F1 plants were backcrossed to Thatcher to obtain backcross (BC) F2 (BC1F2) families. In the seedlings, the BC1F2 families segregated ...

  • Assessing quality, content, and accessibility of web information about plant biotechnology

    The ability to obtain reliable information is critical for decision makers. We examined sources of information about plant biotechnology available on the internet to identify credible, high calibre websites. Google–based searches were performed using: 'plant biotechnology', 'plant genetic engineering', 'genetically modified organisms', 'GMO', 'living modified organisms' and 'LMO'. Lists of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Intellectual property and biotechnology: trade interests of developing countries

    Biotechnology has the potential to provide the answers to some of the developing world's most intractable problems. There is scope for developing countries to interpret the provisions of the WTO TRIPS Agreement on biotechnology at different levels, as evidenced by differing interpretations in the developed world. Equally, however, demands of developing countries on biodiversity-related issues can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable utilisation of crop genetic diversity through property rights mechanisms: the case of coffee genetic resources in Ethiopia

    The legally binding 'International treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture' provides a framework to ensure access to crop genetic resources, technologies, and internationally agreed funding. However, this treaty applies only for a list of selected crops. Other crops, as for instance coffee, are not included. Besides other issues, the question arises how to design the access and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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