plant moisture Articles

  • The Best Practices for Using Plant Residues

    Plant residue are crop materials such as stems, leaves, and roots, that are left on the field after the harvest. In the past, farmers considered crop residue to be trash, that was usually destroyed by fire. However, today this practice is not recommended and highly is not used by farmers. There are two different ways to manage crop residues. The first method is tillage prior planting when plant ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Physiological interaction of soil moisture deficit and plant population on yield and yield components relationships of maize ( Zea mays L.)

    Maize ( Zea mays L.) crops were grown at Coimbatore in the years 2009 and 2010 during the kharif season. The treatments imposed were three soil moisture levels: 100% irrigation water supply (0.8 IW/CPE ratio), 75% irrigation water supply (0.6 IW/CPE ratio) and 50% irrigation water supply (0.4 IW/CPE ratio). The plant density treatments adopted were normal spacing (60 × 20 cm), narrow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil moisture dynamics modeling considering multi-layer root zone

    The moisture uptake by plant from soil is a key process for plant growth and movement of water in the soil–plant system. A non-linear root water uptake (RWU) model was developed for a multi-layer crop root zone. The model comprised two parts: (1) model formulation and (2) moisture flow prediction. The developed model was tested for its efficiency in predicting moisture depletion in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Light and moisture competition effects on biomass of red clover underseeded to winter wheat

    Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) use as an underseeded cover crop in winter cereals has declined due to inability of growers to consistently establish uniform stands. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of light and soil moisture competition on underseeded red clover establishment and end of season dry matter production. Field trials were conducted at multiple locations in 2005 ...

  • In-situ soil moisture conservation: utilisation and management of rainwater for crop production

    The salient results of in-situ soil water conservation technologies that have been found suitable for increasing soil moisture in the arid and semiarid lands of eastern Kenya are reviewed. The results showed that Zai pits, tumbukiza and deep tillage when used together with soil fertility improvement can increase crop yields by 4–10 times in comparison to conventionally ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal Processing Plant and Machines

    Coal Preparation plant generally use gravity process equipment to separate the refuse from the product (coal). Coal has a specific gravity between 1.35 and 1.5, while the refuse rock has a Specific Gravity of 2.1 to 2.3. Heavy Media is the most popular method of cleaning coarse sizes, jig plants are probably the second most common ...


  • Distribution of moisture and salinity under deficit irrigation and irrigation water salinity in an alternative trickle irrigation system of tape

    This study was performed to investigate the horizontal and vertical distribution of soil moisture and salinity using an alternative trickle irrigation system of drip tape. Four main treatments consisting of 100, 80, 70, and 60% of the plants’ water requirements and three sub-treatments of 2.1, 4.6, and 10.2 dS/m, were conducted. Following irrigation, the soil moisture and salinity ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HCBD uptake into edible plant

    Client: Confidential Location: UK Services: Research and Development, Human Health Risk Assessment Summary: This research programme increased the knowledge base regarding uptake of HCBD, enabling a better understanding of exposures to this compound in the environment During discussions with the public and within ...

  • Kinetic distribution of 14C-Metsulfuron-Methyl residues in paddy soils under different moisture conditions

    Rice paddy soils undergo several cycles of drying and wetting during a growing season. A laboratory study was conducted to determine the effect of soil moisture conditions on the distribution and kinetics of extractable and bound residues of 14C-metsulfuron-methyl in six Chinese paddy soils during 84 d of incubation at 15°C with moisture contents varying from 20 to 50% of the field water-holding ...

  • Technology that is making plants grow bigger and better

    This article outlines new and improved technology that is enabling growers to increase their yield and output of their crops. The technology includes carbon dioxide (CO2) monitors and controllers, soil moisture sensors, plant based sensors such as sap flow and dendrometers, and nutrient sensors such as EC and TDS sensors. All of the equipment can be automated and data sent to your smart phone or ...


    By Edaphic Scientific

  • Case Study - Onion and Garlic Dehydration Plant

    Empire, Washoe County, Nevada, USA Geothermal Development Associates (GDA) designed a geothermal heating system for a large commercial vegetable dehydration plant located in the remote San Emidio Desert, about 160 kilometers north of Reno, Nevada, USA. Phase I of this project utilizes 63 l/sec of geothermal brine at 150°C to dehydrate either onions or garlic, depending ...

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Subsurface drip and overhead irrigation: a comparison of plant boll distribution in upland cotton

    Although subsurface drip (SSD) is used as a water-efficient alternative to overhead irrigation in many crops, the effects of SSD on the distribution of bolls on cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.) have not been thoroughly examined. The purpose of this study was to add to the current knowledge about the effects of SSD on cotton yield dynamics. Cultivar DP 488 BG/RR was grown in three studies ...

  • Improving the fermentation characteristics of corn through agronomic and processing practices

    This study determined the influence of corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids, N availability, grain harvest moisture, and drying temperatures on dry-mill ethanol production. Six hybrids, ranging from 92 to 108 d in relative maturity (RM), were planted at two locations over 2 yr. One of four N fertilizer treatments were applied. Grain was hand-harvested at grain moistures of 20 and 25%. Grain was dried to ...

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of management practices for grain amaranth production in eastern canada

    Grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is a C4 dicotyledonous pseudocereal crop that was widely cultivated in pre-Columbian America. It was successfully introduced in many regions with contrasting environmental conditions. The introduction of grain amaranth in eastern Canada would represent an opportunity for diversification. A study was conducted to evaluate management practices for grain amaranth ...

  • Impact of biosolids on hormone metabolism in drought-stressed tall fescue

    The presence of biologically active substances (BAS) in biosolids may enhance plant stress tolerance and growth, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. This greenhouse study investigated the effects of untreated biosolids, containing 2.1 µg indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) g–1, and tryptophan-treated biosolids, containing 15.4 µg IAA g–1, on tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) ...

  • Scalewatcher Banishes Limescale In Gardens And Greenhouses

    In hard water areas, automated watering systems, sprinkler irrigation systems and greenhouse-misting systems clog with limescale, plant leaves develop white scale deposits and over-spray causes limescale build-up on greenhouse windows. Scalewatcher North America, manufacturers of the original, patented and award-winning computerized electronic water-conditioner, Scalewatcher®, has a range of ...

  • Optimizing stocking rate for maximum return to a wheat–cattle enterprise using model simulation and economics

    Managing dual-purpose wheat is complex because of the tradeoff relationship between cattle (Bos taurus) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Stocking rate (SR) and planting date are key decision variables of the dual systems. The objective was to develop decision support information that help farmers boost profits by adapting SR and planting date to particular production and market ...

  • Tropical earthworm biomass and density production

    Earthworms, as ecosystem engineers (Jones et al. 1994), are important soil components capable of enhancing plant growth (Lee 1985; Brown et al. 1999; Scheu 2003). Searching their inoculation in managed lands, we cultured three tropical endogeic earthworm species (Balanteodrilus pearsei, Pontoscolex corethrurus and Lavellodrilus bonampakensis) in mesocosms (boxes of 35x28x13 cm) and controlled ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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