plant root damage Articles

  • Root-knot nematode-resistant alfalfa suppresses subsequent crop damage from the nutsedge-nematode pest complex

    Southern root-knot nematode [RKN, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood], yellow nutsedge (YNS, Cyperus esculentus L.), and purple nutsedge (PNS, C. rotundus L.) occur together as a mutually beneficial pest complex in sandy soils. All crops grown in infested soils are affected due to the wide host range of the nematode, the perennial life cycle of the nutsedges, their interactions, ...

  • Copper induced root growth inhibition of Allium cepa var. Agrogarum L. involves disturbances in cell division and DNA damage

    Copper (Cu) is considered an indispensable microelement for plants. However, excessive Cu is toxic and disturbs several processes in the plant. The present study addressed the effects of ionic Cu (2.0 µM and 8.0 µM) on mitosis, microtubule cytoskeleton and DNA in root tip cells of Allium cepa var. agrogarum L., in order to better understand Cu toxicity on plant root systems. Results indicated ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effects of Bisphenol A on antioxidant system in soybean seedling roots

    Bisphenol A (BPA), an emerging pollutant in the environment, with potential toxic effects on plants; however, the toxicity mechanism remains largely unknown. The antioxidant system plays an important role in protecting plants against the damage of stress. Here, the effects of BPA on the antioxidant system [superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), ascorbic acid (AsA), ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Damage suffered by swamp morning glory (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk) exposed to vanadium(V)

    To elucidate the physiological and morphological responses generated by vanadium (V) in plants, hydroponic culture experiments were performed with swamp morning glory (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk) exposed to 0 to 2.50 mg L−1 pentavalent V [V(V)] in Hoagland nutrient solutions. The concentration of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and carotene peaked at a V(V) concentration of 0.05 mg L−1 and gradually ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The Best Practices for Using Plant Residues

    Plant residue are crop materials such as stems, leaves, and roots, that are left on the field after the harvest. In the past, farmers considered crop residue to be trash, that was usually destroyed by fire. However, today this practice is not recommended and highly is not used by farmers. There are two different ways to manage crop residues. The first method is tillage prior planting when plant ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Sand abrasion injury and biomass partitioning in cotton seedlings

    Wind blown soil particle abrasion negatively impacts millions of hectares of crops annually. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of wind and wind blown sand abrasion damage on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedling biomass partitioning to leaves, stems, and roots. Seedlings of three cotton cultivars were exposed to no wind (untreated controls) or sand abrasive flux densities of 0, ...

  • Biological responses of Vicia faba seedlings to the imidazolium‐based ionic liquid 1‐hexyl‐3‐methylimidazolium chloride in soil

    Although there are a few studies on the toxicity of ionic liquid (ILs), relatively little is known about the toxic effects of these liquids in the soil on plants. In the present study, the toxic effects of 1‐hexyl‐3‐methylimidazolium chloride ([Hmim]Cl) in the soil on Vicia faba (V. faba) seedlings and the influences of [Hmim]Cl on the physicochemical properties of the soil were studied. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Nano silicon dioxide mitigates the adverse effects of salt stress on Cucurbita pepo L

    Nanotechnology, an emerging science, has advanced research in almost all fields of technology. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of nano silicon dioxide (nSiO) in plant resistance to salt stress through improving the antioxidant system of squash (Cucurbita pepo L. cv. White Bush Marrow). We found that seeds treated with NaCl showed reduced germination percentage, vigor ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Kinetic evaluation of chromium(VI) sorption by water lettuce (Pistia)

    An investigation was performed to evaluate the uptake capacity of Pistia in living condition for adsorptive removal of chromium(VI) from spiked solution for examining a remedial measure for disposal of chrome-laden wastewater in an urban wetland system. Kinetics results show about 78% removal was achieved for 3 mg/L initial concentration of Cr(VI). Experimental data showed that the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potassium and winter hardiness

    The role of Potassium in metabolic processes such as protein synthesis and the movement of sugars within the plant is now well understood and recognised as crucial for maximising quality and yield. But it is now known Potassium also plays a significant role in helping crops resist disease and environmental stresses during winter dormancy and ensuring optimum supplies of Potassium to see crops ...


    By Ilex EnviroSciences Limited

  • Biopesticides Examined for Role in Field Production

    Biopesticides deserve respect. Once derided as snake oil, today’s products have proven benefits in suppressing pest organisms. Whether they activate plant defenses, parasitize or inhibit pathogen growth or make the environment less favourable to disease, they can play an integral role in crop protection. While the greenhouse sector first excelled at incorporating biopesticides in controlled ...

  • Stevens Water and US Farm Bill Helps Farmers Optimize Crop Irrigation & Fertilization

    Agriculture is a major element for survival of the human race and of the economic system. 42 percent of the world’s laborers are employed in agriculture, making it by far the most common occupation. With agriculture using approximately 60 percent of available fresh water withdrawals, concerns continue to grow over farmers implementing water conservation practices. Also, increasing contamination ...

  • Evaluation of a simple method to screen soybean genotypes for salt tolerance

    Excessive salt can reduce soybean yield [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in grower fields. Salt-tolerant cultivars are needed to prevent field yield losses where excess salt is a problem. Soybean genotypes have primarily been evaluated for reaction to salt in the greenhouse using a labor-intensive and costly hydroponics method. A reliable, inexpensive method to screen soybean lines for salt tolerance ...

  • Liquid Ice Melter for Healthier Landscapes after the Thaw

    During the spring and summer months many homeowners and groundskeepers expend great effort on keeping lawns and landscapes healthy and beautiful.  Yet, as winter arrives in many regions of the country snow and ice begin to blanket walkways, driveways and landscapes.  While fresh layers of fallen snow can be beneficial to your lawn and gardens by helping to ...


    By Interstate Products Inc

  • A Decade After Asian Tsunami, New Forests Protect the Coast

    The tsunami that struck Indonesia in 2004 obliterated vast areas of Aceh province. But villagers there are using an innovative microcredit scheme to restore mangrove forests and other coastal ecosystems that will serve as a natural barrier against future killer waves and storms. On the day that the Indian Ocean tsunami hit his village a decade ago, fisherman Hajamuddin was at sea. It was ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Consider Cable Concrete Erosion Control Solutions for Natural and Manmade Causes of Ground Erosion

    The weather is a powerful force that’s capable of leaving all types and levels of destruction in its wake. Shifting soil is one of the most common results of wet or windy weather, and it’s a natural event needed to maintain the environment. Something to note, however, is that although soil erosion is a naturally occurring process, there are times when erosion situations are influenced ...

  • LG Sound, controlling algae in irrigation reservoirs

    Algae growth in irrigation water can cause a serious problem. Algae in irrigation tanks can clog the entire irrigation system, such as the pumps, filters, drip-installation and sprinkler nozzles. Besides that the algae and their by-products can also be spread over the irrigated area. In addition, some types of fungi, also present in these waters, can be harmful for the plants grown. Typical ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Public agencies refine grinding strategies

    From coast to coast, municipal agencies operate yard trimmings composting facilities. In many cases, they are on the front line when storms hit that leave downed trees and branches in their wake, opening their gates to a flow of feedstocks of all shapes and sizes. On the other end of the processing chain, these facilities are refining their capabilities to transform the incoming wood, storm ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluating Microbiology of Compost

    The fact that not all compost is created equal has both producers and growers looking for ways to successfully evaluate compost quality. Traditional compost analysis has focused on NPK and micronutrient concentrations in an effort to mirror fertilizer analysis. Compost, however, is much more complex than fertilizer and its most significant value to the grower may be far more than its mineral ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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