potato pathogen Articles

  • Molecular genetics of pathogenic oomycetes

    Parasitic and pathogenic lifestyles have evolved repeatedly in eukaryotes (93). Several parasitic eukaryotes represent deep phylogenetic lineages, suggesting that they feature unique molecular processes for infecting their hosts. One such group is formed by the oomycetes. Traditionally, due to their filamentous growth habit, oomycetes have been classified in the kingdom Fungi. However, modern ...

  • Soil microbial, fungal, and nematode responses to soil fumigation and cover crops under potato production

    Abstract  Sodium N-methyldithiocarbamate (metam sodium) and 1,3 dichloropropene are widely used in potato production for the control of soil-borne pathogens, weeds, and plant parasitic nematodes that reduce crop yield and quality. Soil fumigation with metam sodium has been shown in microcosm studies to significantly reduce soil microbial populations and important soil processes such as C ...


  • Comparative mycotoxin profiles of gibberella zeae populations from barley, wheat, potatoes, and sugar beets

    Gibberella zeae is one of the most devastating pathogens of barley and wheat in the United States. The fungus also infects noncereal crops, such as potatoes and sugar beets, and the genetic relationships among barley, wheat, potato, and sugar beet isolates indicate high levels of similarity. However, little is known about ...

  • Tests of taxonomic and biogeographic predictivity: Resistance to disease and insect pests in wild relatives of cultivated potato

    A major justification for taxonomic and biogeographic research is its assumed ability to predict the presence of traits in a group for which the trait has been observed in only a representative subset of the group. Such predictors are regularly used by breeders interested in choosing potential sources of disease and pest resistant germplasm for cultivar improvement, by genebank managers to ...

  • Anaerobic Digester

    An ultra modern waste-to-energy plant near Chin, Alberta, will be built using Highmark's patented IMUS technology.  It will be a multi-feedstock system, capable of digesting potatoes, cattle manure and other nearby waste while killing off pathogens.  The whole community will benefit from the Perry family's innovation and forward-thinking stewardship of their century-old farming ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Microbial communities of Solanum tuberosum and magainin-producing transgenic lines

    Antimicrobial peptide magainin II, isolated from the skin of the African clawed toad, has shown activity in vitro against a range of micro-organisms. Transgenic potato lines expressing a synthetic magainin gene show improved resistance to the bacterial plant pathogen, Erwinia carotovora. Culturable bacterial and fungal communities associated with magainin-producing potato plants were compared ...


    By Springer

  • Bulk carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen stable isotope composition of recent resins from amber-producing Hymenaea

    Antimicrobial peptide magainin II, isolated from the skin of the African clawed toad, has shown activity in vitro against a range of micro-organisms. Transgenic potato lines expressing a synthetic magainin gene show improved resistance to the bacterial plant pathogen, Erwinia carotovora. Culturable bacterial and fungal communities associated with magainin-producing potato plants were compared ...


    By Springer

  • Crop protection 2.0: reducing environmental impact in the EU Is it feasible?

    By 2023 all EU member states must be complying with more stringent guidelines related to Integrated Pest Management (IPM). “The essence of the new guideline is reducing the environmental impact of pesticides,” says Piet Boonekamp, manager of the Bio-interactions and Plant Health business unit at Wageningen UR. “In principle this European goal can be achieved, as has been shown ...

  • Food security faces growing pest advance

    Coming soon to a farm near you: just about every possible type of pest that could take advantage of the ripening harvest in the nearby fields. By 2050, according to new research in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography, those opportunistic viruses, bacteria, fungi, blights, ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Talking turkey: How bird flu outbreaks are playing out

    A deadly strain of bird flu has reached the Midwest, killing or requiring hundreds of thousands of turkeys to be euthanized. Some questions and answers about the outbreak: WHAT KIND OF FLU IS THIS, EXACTLY? H5N2 is a highly contagious virus that kills commercial poultry quickly once it gets into a barn. It can spread through an infected bird's droppings or nasal discharges - yes, ...


    By Associated Press

  • What is it about this soil that protects plants from devastating disease?

    Figuring out why certain soils keep plant parasites at bay could be a boon for agriculture around the globe Plants around the world are constantly under attack — often with big implications for humans. In the 1960s, millions of elm trees in Britain, France and the U.S. fell victim to Dutch elm disease, which clogs the vessels that carry life-giving water to the trees’ leaves. ...


    By Ensia

  • Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2016

    Sector Consultation The Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association partnered with Vineland to host a research strategy workshop in November 2014 with the goal of defining the top five research priorities for each crop group. Grower organizations were invited to nominate two representatives to participate on their behalf and a number of researchers from relevant fields were invited to ...

  • Understanding Compost Tea

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Commercial Experiences :Time for (compost) Tea in the Northwest

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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