pre-pruner Articles

  • Why consider pre-emergent herbicide?

    Resistant weeds, dicamba training, new EPA rules and regulations, and ag companies being bought or merging together have been a few of the topics found in many ag media and publications this winter. In summary, things are continually changing in agriculture and will continue to change. One of those changes that many, if not all growers, have experienced is how to deal with weed resistance. ...


    By Ag Leader Technology

  • WasteWastewater pre-treatment in a milk-processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from the production is buffered in a pump sump which is designed to buffer peaks of flow and load. The pump sump also works as a fat trap. From this stage, the water is lifted to the biological reactor where organic substances which are mainly milk sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by microbiological actifity. The ...

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Impact assessment of pre- and post-sown irrigation with Post Methanation distillery Effluent on soil health and crop yield

    Field experiments were conducted to assess the optimum dilution of Post Methanation distillery Effluent (PME) to utilise as an organic nutrient source for growing rice and wheat crops. Dilution levels of distillery effluent significantly affected the biomass production as well as grain yield of rice and wheat crops. Levels of organic carbon and NPK were significantly higher in effluent treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial Controls of Pre–Euro-American Wind and Fire Disturbance in Northern Wisconsin (USA) Forest Landscapes

    We elucidate spatial controls of wind and fire disturbance across northern Wisconsin (USA), where climatic and topographic gradients are not strong, using data from the original US Public Land Survey (PLS) notes. These records contain information on the location and extent of heavy windthrows and stand-replacing fires prior to Euro-American settlement. The spatial patterns of windthrow and fire ...


    By Springer

  • Student PowerPoint Presentation for Educators

    This presentation explores: The Environmental Profession, Academic & Pre-Career Resources, Job Search Strategies & Resources for Your Green ...


    By ECO Canada

  • Evaluation of in-season Nitrogen management strategies for corn production

    Nitrogen is an important and costly input for corn (Zea mays L.) production. With rising prices and environmental concerns, producers are looking for ways to better manage N fertilization. A project designed to evaluate in-season N management strategies for adjusting N rate was conducted in 30 Iowa cornfields from 2004 to 2006. Nitrogen rates applied preplant or early sidedress (PRE-N) and corn ...

  • Antioxidant and detoxification responses of oysters Crassostrea hongkongensis in a multi‐metal contaminated estuary

    The ‘colored’ oysters discovered in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) contained high levels of metals in their tissues, especially for Cu and Zn, indicating that this largest and densely urbanized estuary in Southern China suffered from serious metal pollution. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of multi‐metal pollution in the PRE on oyster antioxidant and detoxification systems. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Neuroscientific evidence: a criminal justice dream, or an adversarial nightmare?

    This exploratory paper seeks to examine the use of neuroscientific evidence in the criminal trial process. Such evidence is not currently employed in the pre–trial or trial stages in England and Wales. However, the first use of polygraph lie detectors during the pre–charge process has recently been trailed by Hertfordshire Police. More advanced techniques such as the BEOS test and the use of fMRI ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Adsorptive removal of textile reactive dye using Posidonia oceanica (L.) fibrous biomass

    Abstract: The Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) leaf sheaths were used as low cost, available and renewable biological adsorbent for the removal of reactive textile dye from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were carried out for sorption kinetics and isotherms. Operating variables studied were temperature, pH and chemical pre-treatment. Biosorption capacity seems to be enhanced ...

  • A sub-economy in Montreal

    This paper explores the size and socio-demographic characteristics of a Jewish sub-economy found in Montreal in the late 1970s and 1980s, along with other features of Jewish economic activity in Canadian cities. It is found that there is a much higher than expected degree of intra-group economic activity found linking Jewish entrepreneurs, employers, workers, suppliers, and customers. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Forest protection and regeneration under joint forest planning and management in Eastern Plains and Western Ghats of Karnataka, India

    Joint forest management in Karnataka, India was initiated in the Western Ghats and Eastern Plains. In Western Ghats, multispecies model was adopted, while in Eastern Plains 13 silvicultural models were adopted, of which assisted natural regeneration accounted for 43% of the plantation area that had rootstock. In addition, pre-JFPM plantations raised under social forestry were also included under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Market information feedback for the high-tech dominated IPO companies

    The prevalence of investment opportunities and the cost of capital are the two uncertainties that affect the managers' selection and judgment of future investment opportunities. This study investigates the effect of an IPO company's initial return on the investment policies of managers by examining the causal relationships among variables including pre- and post-IPO capital expenditure levels, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comparative study of biosorption of Cu using Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus

    In the present work a comparative study has been made to adsorb Cu ion from solution using pre–treated biomass of two fungal strains, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus. Several parameters such as pH, adsorbate and adsorbent concentration and fraction size of the fungal biomass were studied to observe their effect on the percentage of metal uptake by the treated biomass. Although both the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potato Cooked

    A large producer of pre-cooked potatoes was having a problem disposing of the wastewater from the washing and cooking process. The water was to be used on the growing field, but had a COD, TSS and nitrogen content in excess of allowable limits, see chart below. The water was at a pH of 6.5, so no pH adjustment was necessary. The stream was treated with Floccin 1105 at a dosage rate of 400 lbs/1M ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Another www/RESOURCE (DAF) Success in a DAIRY

    The dairy manufactures ice cream, fluid milk and other dairy products. Escalating sewer surcharges of over $30,000/month were a concern. World Water Works installed the www/RESOURCE Dissolved Air Flotation system to pre-treat the wastewater. Since startup, the facility has reduced its wastewater costs by over $15,000/month. This figure includes the cost of operating the system. The project ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Influence of post-harvest treatments on modified atmosphere low temperature stored Gladiolus cut spikes

    Influence of post-harvest treatments viz., pulsing and preservative solution comprising of 8-hydroxy quinoline (8-HQ) and sucrose on modified atmosphere low temperature (MALT) stored gladioli were investigated. MALT storage of Gladiolus comprised of polypropylene (60 µ) packaging and storage at 6-10°C temperature for a duration of 5, 10 and 15 days. The pre-storage pulse treatment (300 ppm 8-HQ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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