pre-pruner Articles

  • Seasonality & optimal calf care

    Changing seasons, and challenging seasonal extremes (cold, heat and humidity), add extra challenges for a young calf and the caregivers management must be dynamic in order to provide optimal care. A reminder of calf needs should be outlined, especially with the primary calf worker(s). Topics of focus should involve: Optimal nutrition, the importance of access to clean water, clean and dry resting ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Beef Farmer Spring 2017 `Trace elements are key to growth rates`

    Iodine has a direct impact on growth rates as it is incorporated into the thyroid hormones which control metabolism, promoting efficient live weight gain. Annie Williams, Animal Scientist with Agrimin says that many beef units fall short on achieving optimum growth rates because animals do not receive adequate levels of trace elements at grass. She says that with increased feed costs, many ...


    By Agrimin Limited

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Impact assessment of pre- and post-sown irrigation with Post Methanation distillery Effluent on soil health and crop yield

    Field experiments were conducted to assess the optimum dilution of Post Methanation distillery Effluent (PME) to utilise as an organic nutrient source for growing rice and wheat crops. Dilution levels of distillery effluent significantly affected the biomass production as well as grain yield of rice and wheat crops. Levels of organic carbon and NPK were significantly higher in effluent treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial Controls of Pre–Euro-American Wind and Fire Disturbance in Northern Wisconsin (USA) Forest Landscapes

    We elucidate spatial controls of wind and fire disturbance across northern Wisconsin (USA), where climatic and topographic gradients are not strong, using data from the original US Public Land Survey (PLS) notes. These records contain information on the location and extent of heavy windthrows and stand-replacing fires prior to Euro-American settlement. The spatial patterns of windthrow and fire ...


    By Springer

  • Student PowerPoint Presentation for Educators

    This presentation explores: The Environmental Profession, Academic & Pre-Career Resources, Job Search Strategies & Resources for Your Green ...


    By ECO Canada

  • Evaluation of in-season Nitrogen management strategies for corn production

    Nitrogen is an important and costly input for corn (Zea mays L.) production. With rising prices and environmental concerns, producers are looking for ways to better manage N fertilization. A project designed to evaluate in-season N management strategies for adjusting N rate was conducted in 30 Iowa cornfields from 2004 to 2006. Nitrogen rates applied preplant or early sidedress (PRE-N) and corn ...

  • Antioxidant and detoxification responses of oysters Crassostrea hongkongensis in a multi‐metal contaminated estuary

    The ‘colored’ oysters discovered in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) contained high levels of metals in their tissues, especially for Cu and Zn, indicating that this largest and densely urbanized estuary in Southern China suffered from serious metal pollution. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of multi‐metal pollution in the PRE on oyster antioxidant and detoxification systems. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A sub-economy in Montreal

    This paper explores the size and socio-demographic characteristics of a Jewish sub-economy found in Montreal in the late 1970s and 1980s, along with other features of Jewish economic activity in Canadian cities. It is found that there is a much higher than expected degree of intra-group economic activity found linking Jewish entrepreneurs, employers, workers, suppliers, and customers. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Forest protection and regeneration under joint forest planning and management in Eastern Plains and Western Ghats of Karnataka, India

    Joint forest management in Karnataka, India was initiated in the Western Ghats and Eastern Plains. In Western Ghats, multispecies model was adopted, while in Eastern Plains 13 silvicultural models were adopted, of which assisted natural regeneration accounted for 43% of the plantation area that had rootstock. In addition, pre-JFPM plantations raised under social forestry were also included under ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Violence in Spanish divorce and prenuptial agreements

    Prenuptial agreements appeared in the USA, where they are very popular. These agreements are considered effective in protecting the spouse’s assets from the financial consequences of divorce. In recent years, some European countries like Spain have started to introduce prenuptial agreements due to the social and legal changes caused by divorce. Prenuptial agreements can reduce and eliminate the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ovivo MBR System -Arlington, WA Case Study

    Following a pre-selection (and pre-purchase) process, an Ovivo MBR System was selected to upgrade/expand an old SBR-based treatment system. The existing plant remained in service throughout construction that lasted roughly 22 months. The project was funded through a variety of sources including ARRA (Green Project Reserve) and SRF loans. Energy efficient design ...

  • Market information feedback for the high-tech dominated IPO companies

    The prevalence of investment opportunities and the cost of capital are the two uncertainties that affect the managers' selection and judgment of future investment opportunities. This study investigates the effect of an IPO company's initial return on the investment policies of managers by examining the causal relationships among variables including pre- and post-IPO capital expenditure levels, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Another www/RESOURCE (DAF) Success in a DAIRY

    The dairy manufactures ice cream, fluid milk and other dairy products. Escalating sewer surcharges of over $30,000/month were a concern. World Water Works installed the www/RESOURCE Dissolved Air Flotation system to pre-treat the wastewater. Since startup, the facility has reduced its wastewater costs by over $15,000/month. This figure includes the cost of operating the system. The project ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Potato Cooked

    A large producer of pre-cooked potatoes was having a problem disposing of the wastewater from the washing and cooking process. The water was to be used on the growing field, but had a COD, TSS and nitrogen content in excess of allowable limits, see chart below. The water was at a pH of 6.5, so no pH adjustment was necessary. The stream was treated with Floccin 1105 at a dosage rate of 400 lbs/1M ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Influence of post-harvest treatments on modified atmosphere low temperature stored Gladiolus cut spikes

    Influence of post-harvest treatments viz., pulsing and preservative solution comprising of 8-hydroxy quinoline (8-HQ) and sucrose on modified atmosphere low temperature (MALT) stored gladioli were investigated. MALT storage of Gladiolus comprised of polypropylene (60 µ) packaging and storage at 6-10°C temperature for a duration of 5, 10 and 15 days. The pre-storage pulse treatment (300 ppm 8-HQ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Characteristics of rural smallholder communities in northern Vietnam, with particular emphasis on dairy farming

    The objective of this field questionnaire survey was to provide information about the characteristics of rural smallholder farming communities, which have been targeted by the Vietnamese government's dairy development policy. The results from this study suggest that the adoption of dairy farming is partly determined by pre-existing wealth of the farming households. It is, therefore, more likely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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