pre-pruner Articles

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact assessment of pre- and post-sown irrigation with Post Methanation distillery Effluent on soil health and crop yield

    Field experiments were conducted to assess the optimum dilution of Post Methanation distillery Effluent (PME) to utilise as an organic nutrient source for growing rice and wheat crops. Dilution levels of distillery effluent significantly affected the biomass production as well as grain yield of rice and wheat crops. Levels of organic carbon and NPK were significantly higher in effluent treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial Controls of Pre–Euro-American Wind and Fire Disturbance in Northern Wisconsin (USA) Forest Landscapes

    We elucidate spatial controls of wind and fire disturbance across northern Wisconsin (USA), where climatic and topographic gradients are not strong, using data from the original US Public Land Survey (PLS) notes. These records contain information on the location and extent of heavy windthrows and stand-replacing fires prior to Euro-American settlement. The spatial patterns of windthrow and fire ...


    By Springer

  • Evaluation of in-season Nitrogen management strategies for corn production

    Nitrogen is an important and costly input for corn (Zea mays L.) production. With rising prices and environmental concerns, producers are looking for ways to better manage N fertilization. A project designed to evaluate in-season N management strategies for adjusting N rate was conducted in 30 Iowa cornfields from 2004 to 2006. Nitrogen rates applied preplant or early sidedress (PRE-N) and corn ...

  • Ovivo MBR System -Arlington, WA Case Study

    Following a pre-selection (and pre-purchase) process, an Ovivo MBR System was selected to upgrade/expand an old SBR-based treatment system. The existing plant remained in service throughout construction that lasted roughly 22 months. The project was funded through a variety of sources including ARRA (Green Project Reserve) and SRF loans. Energy efficient design ...

  • A sub-economy in Montreal

    This paper explores the size and socio-demographic characteristics of a Jewish sub-economy found in Montreal in the late 1970s and 1980s, along with other features of Jewish economic activity in Canadian cities. It is found that there is a much higher than expected degree of intra-group economic activity found linking Jewish entrepreneurs, employers, workers, suppliers, and customers. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Connecticut company rounds out operation with track-mounted grinder: Saugatuck tree & logging increases productivity and versatility with the latest addition to its growing equipment list

    When it recently undertook a project to clear and excavate for a driveway up a fairly steep hillside, Saugatuck Tree & Logging found the grinding facet of the job one of the most challenging. The lot, owned by the CEO of a major internet travel site, featured sizeable trees — many in excess of 60 inches in diameter — which had to first be downsized, then painstakingly hauled down the hillside ...


    By Morbark, LLC

  • Another www/RESOURCE (DAF) Success in a DAIRY

    The dairy manufactures ice cream, fluid milk and other dairy products. Escalating sewer surcharges of over $30,000/month were a concern. World Water Works installed the www/RESOURCE Dissolved Air Flotation system to pre-treat the wastewater. Since startup, the facility has reduced its wastewater costs by over $15,000/month. This figure includes the cost of operating the system. The project ...


    By World Water Works, Inc.

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of post-harvest treatments on modified atmosphere low temperature stored Gladiolus cut spikes

    Influence of post-harvest treatments viz., pulsing and preservative solution comprising of 8-hydroxy quinoline (8-HQ) and sucrose on modified atmosphere low temperature (MALT) stored gladioli were investigated. MALT storage of Gladiolus comprised of polypropylene (60 µ) packaging and storage at 6-10°C temperature for a duration of 5, 10 and 15 days. The pre-storage pulse treatment (300 ppm 8-HQ ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Complexity of agricultural commodity cycle: a chaotic time series analysis

    Most empirical investigations of agricultural markets have been conducted using linear models. Therefore, nonlinear dynamic patterns of the market cannot be predicted based on these models under any circumstances. Consequently, little is known about the role of nonlinear dynamics and the whether we can predict the market both for short- and long-term in agriculture. We utilise the real world data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Client - Mushroom Production Facility, Edmonton, Canada

    Project - Steam Boiler Water Pre-Heating Faced with increasing energy costs this major mushroom production processor initiated a fundamental expenditure review. Rising energy costs quickly highlighted the three process boilers used to supply steam into the production process. After an extensive feasibility study three Econotherm® gas to water (GW) units were selected to ...


    By Econotherm UK Ltd

  • Novel computational fluid dynamics simulation software for thermal design and evaluation of horticultural packaging

    Good airflow patterns and appropriate temperature and relative humidity levels are essential for storage stability, good shelf life and quality of fresh produce inside ventilated packages. Although several types of commercial packaging are available for a wide range of commodities, the majority of these packages have evolved through industry practice and experience. With increasing volume, value ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Physico-Chemical P Removal from the Liquid Fraction of Pig Manure as an Intermediary Step in Manure Processing

    Abstract  Intensive animal farming has resulted in overproduction of manure in parts of the industrialized world. The localized excessive nutrient emission has detrimental effects on both ecology and economy. In response to European guidelines, Flanders (Belgium) has imposed obligations on the agricultural sector to process a portion of the produced animal manure. To achieve the stringent ...


  • Treatment and valorisation of winery wastewater by a new biophysical process (ECCF®)

    ABSTRACTTaking account of the high specificity of the organic load of winery effluents, a new biophysical treatment using the stripping of ethanol combined with a final concentration by evaporation has been studied. Two options are proposed: full treatment and pre-treatment. The study of the composition of winery wastewater has shown the large, dominant part of ethanol in the organic load (75 to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advancements In Algal Biomass Yield, Phase 2 Funding Announced

    On January 15, 2016, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $15 million in funding for the development of algal biofuel intermediate technologies. Technology applicants should be likely to produce 3,700 gallons of algal biofuel intermediate per acre per year on an annualized ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Local advice on managing blackgrass

    Blackgrass is a weed that troubles many, and controlling it is an increasing challenge, particularly with the small armoury of products available, and the growing issue with resistance. Paul Drinkwater, Crop Production Manager for Abbots Ripton Farming Company, explains how, in his 40 years of being in the Cambridgeshire area, the blackgrass problem has evolved. “My role sees me manage ...


    By Certis UK

  • Groundwater hydrochemistry in the crystalline laterites/forest loams of Kasargod district, Kerala, India

    Groundwater quality assessment for drinking and irrigation purposes in the specific hot spot areas of Kasargod District, Kerala, India, was conducted during July 2009 to January 2011. Groundwater samples were examined and quantified for the major cations and anions, microbiological parameters, irrigation quality parameters such as sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), residual Mg/Ca ratio and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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