pre-pruning Articles

  • American Dried Prunes Processing Industry

    In America, plum is not only a kind of snack, and it can also match all kinds of raw materials and be made all kinds of delicious food such as salad, cake and so on. Plum has many processed products such as dried prunes, prune juice, prune pudding and so on. But the most popular is dried prunes because of its advantages. Dried prunes are often eaten right from the package as a convenient, ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • Why consider pre-emergent herbicide?

    Resistant weeds, dicamba training, new EPA rules and regulations, and ag companies being bought or merging together have been a few of the topics found in many ag media and publications this winter. In summary, things are continually changing in agriculture and will continue to change. One of those changes that many, if not all growers, have experienced is how to deal with weed resistance. ...


    By Ag Leader Technology

  • WasteWastewater pre-treatment in a milk-processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from the production is buffered in a pump sump which is designed to buffer peaks of flow and load. The pump sump also works as a fat trap. From this stage, the water is lifted to the biological reactor where organic substances which are mainly milk sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by microbiological actifity. The ...

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Effect of loblolly pine root pruning on alley cropped herbage production and tree growth

    Tillage to disrupt (prune) tree roots is an intensive practice which could improve herbage productivity at the crop–tree interface by reducing competition for water. We compared tillage effects on 9- to 11-yr-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) growth and herbage yields of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] on a fragipan soil in Arkansas. ...

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Spatial Controls of Pre–Euro-American Wind and Fire Disturbance in Northern Wisconsin (USA) Forest Landscapes

    We elucidate spatial controls of wind and fire disturbance across northern Wisconsin (USA), where climatic and topographic gradients are not strong, using data from the original US Public Land Survey (PLS) notes. These records contain information on the location and extent of heavy windthrows and stand-replacing fires prior to Euro-American settlement. The spatial patterns of windthrow and fire ...


    By Springer

  • Impact assessment of pre- and post-sown irrigation with Post Methanation distillery Effluent on soil health and crop yield

    Field experiments were conducted to assess the optimum dilution of Post Methanation distillery Effluent (PME) to utilise as an organic nutrient source for growing rice and wheat crops. Dilution levels of distillery effluent significantly affected the biomass production as well as grain yield of rice and wheat crops. Levels of organic carbon and NPK were significantly higher in effluent treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of in-season Nitrogen management strategies for corn production

    Nitrogen is an important and costly input for corn (Zea mays L.) production. With rising prices and environmental concerns, producers are looking for ways to better manage N fertilization. A project designed to evaluate in-season N management strategies for adjusting N rate was conducted in 30 Iowa cornfields from 2004 to 2006. Nitrogen rates applied preplant or early sidedress (PRE-N) and corn ...

  • Wine and economic development: technological and corporate change in the Australian wine industry

    The technological upgrading of existing industries is a key source of growth. An example is the Australian wine sector, which has exhibited sustained growth in its firms, output and trade. Growth rests on two technological advances mechanisation of pruning and harvesting, and new grape varieties. Upgrading required a shared strategic vision, a significant support infrastructure of research ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • European red spider mite - an environmental consequence of persistent chemical pesticide application

    The European red spider mite, Panonychus ulmi, is a major pest in almost all fruit growing regions of the world (Hardman et al., 1985). Spread of P. ulmi to most apple-growing areas has probably been caused by the distribution of nursery stock carrying winter eggs. This mite is stated to be an important secondary pest (due to the effects of chemical sprays killing natural enemies) of commercial ...

  • Farm Practices to Preserve Fruit Quality After Harvesting

    The success of a farmer’s effort in crop production depends largely on the final phase of production, which is often followed by post-harvest losses that can reach up to 50%. Reducing this waste could improve global food production, and increase overall farmer’s profit. Activities that are carried out just before harvesting may have a major influence on final production. Post-harvest ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Antioxidant and detoxification responses of oysters Crassostrea hongkongensis in a multi‐metal contaminated estuary

    The ‘colored’ oysters discovered in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) contained high levels of metals in their tissues, especially for Cu and Zn, indicating that this largest and densely urbanized estuary in Southern China suffered from serious metal pollution. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of multi‐metal pollution in the PRE on oyster antioxidant and detoxification systems. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Daily precipitation mapping and forecasting using data driven techniques

    Accurate prediction of precipitation is a challenging task because of the non–linearity and randomness involved in the processes. Most of the conventional models fail to capture this non–linearity and randomness. In the present study, data driven techniques like artificial neural network (ANN) and model tree (MT) are used for predicting the short–term precipitation. Several models are developed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is Topsoil costing you the Earth?

    BROWNFIELD REGENERATION remains key to the government’s plan for creating sustainable communities. However, crucial to brownfield regeneration is the issue of restoring the land to a high quality as quickly and cost effectively as possible. There is also the matter of ensuring that the regeneration process and resutting development is sustainable, given the increasing concern over global warming. ...

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A sub-economy in Montreal

    This paper explores the size and socio-demographic characteristics of a Jewish sub-economy found in Montreal in the late 1970s and 1980s, along with other features of Jewish economic activity in Canadian cities. It is found that there is a much higher than expected degree of intra-group economic activity found linking Jewish entrepreneurs, employers, workers, suppliers, and customers. This ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Neuroscientific evidence: a criminal justice dream, or an adversarial nightmare?

    This exploratory paper seeks to examine the use of neuroscientific evidence in the criminal trial process. Such evidence is not currently employed in the pre–trial or trial stages in England and Wales. However, the first use of polygraph lie detectors during the pre–charge process has recently been trailed by Hertfordshire Police. More advanced techniques such as the BEOS test and the use of fMRI ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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