seed plant Articles

  • Soybean seed yield response to planting date and seeding rate in the upper Midwest

    Planting date and seeding rate are agronomic decisions that producers can use to maximize soybean [Glycine max (L) Merr.] seed yield and economic return. Current information on the response to planting date and seeding rate may underestimate the yield penalty for delayed planting in northern climates and overestimate the seeding rate required to optimize yield. The objective was to determine the ...

  • Salinity effects on seed germination and plant growth of guar

    The potential of guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.] as a feasible crop for saline soils was tested in this study by evaluating seed germination of 42 accessions of guar in sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The seeds were germinated in 200 mM NaCl or double-distilled water (control). There were significant differences in salt tolerance among the accessions tested. Percentages of seeds ...

  • FLAX SEED LEAFLET

    Flaxseed (Linum usitatissiumum) also known as linseed, is thought to be one of the world’s oldest cultivated crops with evidence of cultivation dating back thousands of years. The crop is prized for its fibre and oil. The fibre, obtained from the stocks of the plant, is used to make fine linen and paper. The oil is used primarily for industrial purposes. The oil is probably best ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Planting date and seed treatment effects on soybean in the northeastern United States

    Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] production is limited in the northeastern United States so research on optimum planting date is scarce. Soybean production in this region may increase because of biodiesel demand so we initiated a 2-yr study in New York that compared soybean planting dates with and without seed-applied fungicide/insecticide treatments. Soybean planted in mid- compared with late ...

  • Effect of seeding rate and planting arrangement on rye cover crop and weed growth

    Weed growth in winter cover crops in warm climates may contribute to weed management costs in subsequent crops. A 2-yr experiment was conducted on an organic vegetable farm in Salinas, California, to determine the impact of seeding rate and planting arrangement on rye (Secale cereale L. ‘Merced’) cover crop growth and weed suppression. Each year, rye was planted in October at three rates (90, ...

  • Grow to Order and Seed Collection

    Local provenance planting is important to help restore our natural habitats and retain the genetic integrity of plant populations and is strongly recommended for projects within or near environmentally sensitive areas. Forward planning is essential when undertaking local provenance seed collection as there are seasonal constraints such as seed maturation time, finding seed donor sites and gaining ...


    By BritishFlora

  • Plant growth regulator effects on balancing vegetative and reproductive phases in alfalfa seed yield

    The use of plant growth regulators (PGRs) has opened new prospects for increased seed production in grasses and legumes, but little information is available on the effects of PGRs on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seed production. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of applying chlormequat chloride (CCC) (2-chloroethyl-trimethyl-ammonium chloride) in combination with five PGRs ...

  • Environmental effects on oleic acid in soybean seed oil of plant introductions with elevated oleic concentration

    Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] oil with oleic acid (18:1) content >500 g kg–1 is desirable for a broader role in food and industrial uses. Seed oil in commercially grown soybean genotypes averages about 230 g kg–1 oleic acid. Some maturity group (MG) II to V plant introductions (PIs) have elevated oleic concentrations of 300 to 500 g kg–1. Temperature of the growing environment during the ...

  • Effects of planting pattern and fungicide application systems on ascochyta blight control and seed yield in chickpea

    Improved cultural practices can be used to manage ascochyta blight in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a disease caused by Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labrousse. This study examined the effect of planting pattern, seeding rate, and fungicide application systems on ascochyta blight severity and crop yield of chickpea at Swift Current (50°25' N, 107° 44' W), SK, Canada, in 2004 and 2005. Crop was grown ...

  • Seeds of change in sub-Saharan Africa

    In the late 1900s, as per-acre grain yields moved to 3 metric tons per hectare in South and Southeast Asia and Latin America, 5 metric tons per hectare in China, and 10 metric tons per hectare in North America, Europe and Japan, there’s one place where production stagnated big time: sub-Saharan Africa, where loss of soil fertility on small farms trapped grain production at an unsustainable ...


    By Ensia

  • Sowing the seeds of smarter transport policy

    Did we miss something? Last year, the European Commission didn’t propose a single new legislative measure to clean up transport. To be fair, it has been spending most of its time worrying about the future of the Eurozone. As a result, for T&E this was the sort of year where seeds for smarter transport policy were sown. We’re optimistic that next year could bring a decent crop of ...

  • Feasibility of seed production from nonflowering orchardgrass

    Nonflowering or sparse flowering orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) would greatly simplify management of intensive rotational grazing systems. Our objective was to quantify seed production on nonflowering orchardgrass clones selected in cold-winter climates, but grown for seed in mild-winter climates. We evaluated 98 orchardgrass clones for seed production traits at four locations. Most plants ...

  • Habitat-specific responses in the flowering phenology and seed set of alpine plants to climate variation: implications for global-change impacts

    The timing of the snowmelt is a crucial factor in determining the phenological schedule of alpine plants. A long-term monitoring of snowmelt regimes in a Japanese alpine area revealed that the onset of the snowmelt season has been accelerated during the last 17 years in early snowmelt sites but that such a trend has not been detected in late snowmelt sites. This indicates that the global warming ...


    By Springer

  • Nonfood Biodiesel Seed Leaflet: Moringa oleifera

    Moringa oleifera is an essential plant in meeting global food security and sustain the livelihoods of many millions of people.�Climate change provides both opportunities and challenges for attaining the potential contribution of the wonderful tree for sustainable human development. Strategies need to be developed to address key issues in productivity, crop plant-soil/water/energy resources ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • How biotechnology is changing the structure of the seed industry

    The seed industry has been in a state of restructuring for many years now. New firms have entered the industry and old players have merged. Firms from various backgrounds now compete in supplying seed to agriculture and horticulture traditional seed companies, new biotechnology firms, agrochemical companies, food processors and wholesalers/retailers. As biotechnology enables the enhancement of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seeding rate and planting arrangement effects on growth and weed suppression of a legume-oat cover crop for organic vegetable systems

    Winter cover crops can add soil organic matter, improve nutrient cycling, and suppress weeds in organic vegetable systems. A 2-yr study was conducted on organic farms in Salinas and Hollister, CA, to evaluate the effect of seeding rate (SR) and planting arrangement on cover crop density, ground cover, and cover crop and weed dry matter (DM) with a mixed cover crop. The mix contained legumes (35% ...

  • The value of seed harboured in Mediterranean temporary ponds

    Temporary ponds and their varying water levels provide the conditions for valuable wildlife habitat. A study in Crete, conducted under the LIFE-Nature project1 Actions for the Conservation of Mediterranean Temporary Ponds in Crete, has demonstrated these ponds contain varied collections of seeds and that these ‘seed banks’ could play an important role in vegetation recovery after ...

  • Predicting outcrossing in maize hybrid seed production

    Controlling pollination of the female inbred is critical to achieve maximum kernel set and high levels of genetic purity in maize (Zea mays L.) hybrid seed production. Although kernel set associated with inbred flowering dynamics is fairly predictable, it has not been possible to predict the level of outcrossing resulting from adventitious pollen entering the seed field. Our objective was to ...

  • Nonfood Biodiesel Seed Leaflet: Pongamia Pinnata

    Pongamia Pinnata is one of the few nitrogen fixing trees (NFTS) to produce seeds containing 30-42% oil. The seed oil is an important asset of this tree having been used as lamp oil, in soap making, and as a lubricant for thousands of years. It is often planted as an ornamental and shade tree but CJP has honor to establish this untapped resource as alternative source for Bio- Diesel industry of ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Plant Sciences in Agriculture

    Plant pathogens Microorganisms, also called as microbes, live in every part of the biosphere, including soil, water, and air. Plant pathogens are the microbes that infect plants and cause diseases. In history, some plant diseases led to tremendous negative impacts on society. In 1845, potato blight disease was prevalent in all potato growing regions in Ireland. Phytophthora infestans, a ...

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