small composting plant Articles

  • Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost

    Boron (B) is a trace element essential to crop growth in small soil concentrations (0.2-1.5ppm), yet may produce plant toxicity symptoms readily as the amount in the soil solution increases over 2ppm. Boron is present in significant amounts in recycled materials such as municipal solid waste (MSW) and coal fly ash, and therefore composts containing these ingredients may potentially exceed ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Understanding Compost Tea

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • January Composting Roundup

    St. Paul, Minnesota: State DOT Issues New Compost Specs The Minnesota Department of Transportation (MNDOT) updated its specifications for using finished compost in MNDOT projects in the 2018 Edition of its “Standard Specifications For Construction.” The two main changes to the specs, explains Kayla Walsh of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, are: 1) Inclusion of food ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum: The Applied Thoughts Of A Compost Theorist

    WITHIN a 60-mile radius of my office here in central California, there are 1,000 dairies — each having an average of 2,000 cows. They generate over four million tons of manure annually, so we are pretty much in the manure business whether we want to be or not. Somebody has to manage this material and help the farmers utilize it properly, fulfilling its potential monetary value. That’s what we ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum: Compost Marketing Trends In The U.S.

    “We know there are limiting factors in this sector,” acknowledges Hans Van Dusen, who is on the contract implementation staff for Seattle Public Utilities. “Transient populations as well as space in downtown and older buildings are problematic, but multifamily recycling has emerged as a priority for the city.” Seattle has taken a number of steps to make its program more user friendly and flexible ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Phosphorus And Compost Use Dynamics

    Organic forms of phosphorus, such as biosolids and compost products, contain low to very low levels of water extractable phosphorus, but increasingly are regulated like inorganic P sources. Phosphorus is one of the 16 essential plant nutrients, and is considered one of the three major plant nutrients (along with nitrogen and potassium). Phosphorus is not only important in root development, but ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • College Composting Program Matures

    Untitled Document To meet the need for quality compost, Berea College now processes 35 tons of food residuals each year, providing jobs for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Food Residuals on the Farm

    A county agency and a farmer in Vermont have teamed up to collect and compost food residuals and other organics. The Rutland County Solid Waste District (RCSWD), which is responsible for managing MSW for 16 cities and towns, began planning the food residuals composting program in December, 1996 with the Rutland Natural Resource Conservation District, one of 14 districts in Vermont that promotes ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Advances in Oregon and Washington

    Over the years, different forces have served as drivers to help grow the composting industry. For example, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the perceived landfill crisis that led to state bans on disposal of yard trimmings. Composting also has benefitted from a push to meet recycling goals, which has prompted states and local governments to go beyond yard trimmings and into such ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum : Compost Research On Wisconsin Organic Farm

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Quality of compost: the experience of veneto region

    The Regional Administration of Veneto Region (Italy) established in 1991 the rules for authorisation of composting plants for treatment of pre-selected organic wastes, including urban sludges, organic fraction of municipal solid wastes and animal manure. Also chemical composition of compost were regulated (Table 1). Some composting plants started working in 1994; at the moment seven farms are ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Landscaping Compost Fact sheet 4 - Compost use in turf establishment and renovation

    Untitled Document Establish and maintain good quality grass with compost Compost can be used in a ...

  • Commercial composting provides food for thought

    The retail sector and food manufacturers produce a mountain of waste but, unlike householders, they cannot simply throw it in the compost and wait for it to rot down. The Compost Association told edie about the obstacles in the way of recycling waste from the commercial sector. Compared to household domestic waste, biodegradable matter from the retail and catering sector represents only a small ...

  • Source separated residential composting in the US

    THE Field of Dreams movie theme, “if you build it they will come,” is definitely à propos to source separated residential organics composting. While conducting this year's survey, we asked program managers what they think the key ingredients are to offering households the ability to divert more than just yard trimmings at the curb - a practice that is widely adopted in some Canadian provinces and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • College, University and Correctional Facility Composting

    DURING THE summer of 2006, BioCycle launched a survey of food residuals composting activity in the United States. Survey groups were divided as follows: Institutions, including colleges, universities, correctional facilities and school districts; Commercial and municipal composting operations processing food residuals; and Supermarkets. It had been six years since BioCycle had undertaken a food ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Setting up a composting system at school

    THE Portland, Oregon metropolitan area generates an estimated 280,000 tons per year of organic residuals — comprised of plants, food and food-soiled paper. To reclaim this material, the Portland Office of Sustainable Development launched the “Portland Composts” program. Since its inception in 2005, Portland Composts has recruited over 250 participants and this year will capture a projected 12,000 ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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