soil research program Articles

  • College Composting Program Matures

    Untitled Document To meet the need for quality compost, Berea College now processes 35 tons of food residuals each year, providing jobs for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • “Soil Health” And Compost

    In my quest to better understand how compost improves the chemical, physical and biological attributes of soil, I came across a training course created by the Rodale Institute, with support from the Northeast Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) Program called “An Introduction to Soil Health.” The course emphasized that if we can improve the overall quality of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Current research projects

    Phosphorus availability as influenced by organic residues in five calcareous soilsInvestigator: Mohsen Jalali, Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, IranObjectives: To investigate the effect of time and organic residue addition on P availability in some calcareous soils. The use of organic residue is appropriate in maintaining long-term ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Digested Dairy Manure To High-End Potting Soil

    Robert Joblin and Ted Sniegocki of Cenergy USA based in Little Rock, Arkansas, are not horticulturalists or agronomists. But they are anaerobic digester developers and when falling rates for renewable energy and the loss of the federal Investment Tax Credit grant hit at the same time, the financial models they had been using “fell down.” The need for additional revenue streams for AD ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Soil science gains voice in the US government

    The Soil Science Society of America’s (SSSA) Science Policy Office, started in 1986 and based in Washington, DC, educates United States (US) federal government policymakers about and advocates for soil and the soil sciences. As a result, US agricultural, natural resources and environmental legislation and corresponding federal rules and regulations are more scientifically sound and appropriately ...

  • Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2016

    Sector Consultation The Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association partnered with Vineland to host a research strategy workshop in November 2014 with the goal of defining the top five research priorities for each crop group. Grower organizations were invited to nominate two representatives to participate on their behalf and a number of researchers from relevant fields were invited to ...

  • This Kansas farmer fought a government program to keep his farm sustainable

    When federal crop insurance rules stymied Gail Fuller’s attempts to innovate, he knew something had to change. In 2012, Gail Fuller’s 2,000-acre farm was at ground zero for the drought that decimated corn production throughout the Midwest. His corn and soybeans had barely squeaked through the previous dry summer, even as many of his neighbors in Lyon County, Kansas, saw their ...


    By Ensia

  • Strategies to mitigate diffuse phosphorus pollution during rewetting of fen peat soils

    The cultivation of fen peat soils (Eutric Histosols) for agricultural purposes, started in Europe about 250 years ago, resulting in decreased soil fertility, increased oxidation of peat and corresponding greenhouse gas fluxes to the atmosphere, nutrient transfer to aquatic ecosystems and losses in total area of the former native wetlands. To prevent these negative environmental effects set-aside ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Getting Down to the Roots: Why Soil Matters for Climate Stabilization (and More)

    Following 2015’s designation as the International Year of Soils by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, soil carbon sequestration is experiencing something of a renaissance among policy and scientific circles. Farmers are also getting involved, most recently through the Climate Leaders program of the National ...


    By The Climate Trust

  • Soil and Water Benefits: Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms

     Composting Reduces Fuel and Labor Costs on Family Farms Jeff and Pam Riesgraf — who manage a certified organic dairy and crop operation near Jordan, Minnesota — began composting manure from their dairy herd in 1993. They had two major objectives. First, they wanted to reduce weed seeds naturally present in manure. At the same time, they understood the need to protect water quality by ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Need for national soil policies for developing countries - some facts

    As a soil scientist working for more than 25 years, I am very much concerned with soil protection and conservation. In this process, I started collecting information related to national soil policies of different countries. To my surprise I could not get a well defined national soil policy for any one of the developing country? A developing country can be defined as , that country which has a ...

  • Compost Users Forum : Compost Research On Wisconsin Organic Farm

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Implementing Research : Georgia Takes Many Routes to Recycle Food Residuals

     PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines and tanks — which go back to 1941 — ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Marine Resources : Chitin Research Opens Up Crab Shell Profits

     Building Human Resources Instead of Landfills “The product originally designed was a chipboard four-drawer dresser that retailed for $20,” explains McDonald. The material used was chipboard “blows” or imperfect boards that would normally go to the dump. While durable, it was suitable only for garage or storage use. Manufacturing this dresser allowed the woodshop to learn the process and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Seed quality assurance in maize breeding programs: tests to explain variations in maize inbreds and populations

    Maize (Zea mays L.) breeders are interested in evaluating the seed quality of their inbred lines, as seed quality has a strong relationship to field emergence. There is little information, however, on the influence of the seed quality of the inbred on field emergence of the hybrid. The objectives of this research were to (i) determine whether seed quality tests and a seed quality index of the ...

  • Summer dormancy in Australian perennial grasses: historical background, a simulation study, and current research

    The need for summer-dormant, perennial, temperate grass cultivars in Australia has increased since European-style agriculture arrived and began to push further inland into the drier pastoral zones. Early attempts to breed cultivars for marginal environments resulted in a few notable successes, but many failures resulted due to poor marketing, a lack of understanding of the environment, and ...

  • Benefits of minimum tillage case study

    In Hungary, the MARGINS project is being conducted near Lake Balaton - the largest lake in Central Europe. The lake is renowned for its beauty and wildlife. Its surrounding hilly landscape is covered with rich brown forest soil. This landscape is, however, prone to soil erosion -in particular, rills develop when soil is weakened by excessive tillage and exposed to intense rainstorms. If not ...


    By Syngenta

  • One crop, two ways, multiple benefits

    Nitrogen fixation is one of the best examples of cooperation in nature. Soil microbes – naturally occurring bacteria in the soil – work with plants to pull nitrogen from the air. They turn the nitrogen into a form the plant is able to use. In return, the plant lets the microbes eat some of the sugars it makes. Faba beans (also called fava beans) are one example of plants that work ...

  • Family farms can be competitive by focusing on conservation and stewardship

    While the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports a 40 percent decline in U.S. cropland soil erosion rates from 1982 to 2007, recent trends appear to challenge this progress. Record prices for corn and soybeans have diverted acres out of conservation programs and encouraged intensive production on a wide scale. Tree lines are cleared and wet areas drained, turning 120-acre farms into ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Assessing agroforestry`s advantages

    Agroforestry, the deliberate placement of trees into crop and livestock operations, can help capture substantial amounts of carbon on agricultural lands while providing production and conservation benefits. However, we currently lack tools for accurately estimating current and projected carbon values in these systems. In North America, windbreaks are an effective carbon-capturing option. Only ...

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