straw bedding Articles

  • Seasonality & optimal calf care

    Changing seasons, and challenging seasonal extremes (cold, heat and humidity), add extra challenges for a young calf and the caregivers management must be dynamic in order to provide optimal care. A reminder of calf needs should be outlined, especially with the primary calf worker(s). Topics of focus should involve: Optimal nutrition, the importance of access to clean water, clean and dry resting ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Barley yield and nutrient uptake for soil amended with fresh and composted cattle manure

    Limited research exists on the long-term effect of fresh (FM) versus composted manure (CM) from beef cattle on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) yield and nutrient uptake. Barley was grown (1999–2007) as silage on an irrigated clay loam soil in southern Alberta where organic amendments and fertilizer were annually applied for 9 yr in the fall of 1998 to 2006. The treatments were three rates (13, 39, 77 ...

  • Barley yield and nutrient uptake for soil amended with fresh and composted cattle manure

    Limited research exists on the long-term effect of fresh (FM) versus composted manure (CM) from beef cattle on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) yield and nutrient uptake. Barley was grown (1999–2007) as silage on an irrigated clay loam soil in southern Alberta where organic amendments and fertilizer were annually applied for 9 yr in the fall of 1998 to 2006. The treatments were three rates (13, 39, 77 ...

  • Forced ammonia stripping from livestock wastewater: the influence of some physico-chemical parameters of the wastewater

    In highly alkaline aqueous solutions (pH >10), the main form of dissolved ammoniacal nitrogen is the unionized free ammonia. Free ammonia, being a gaseous molecule, is easily stripped out from the solution. Increasing wastewater pH is frequently used to force ammonia removal. Herein, the effect of the variation of some physico-chemical characteristics of liquid cattle wastewater on ammonia ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Grober Calf Coat

    Keep them warm and they will grow Did you know…when a calf is comfortable they will turn feed into gain more efficiently. In other words, a calf that isn’t comfortable will need more milk. Since keeping warm is energetically expensive it’s important to understand that a warm calf has more energy to grow! By using a Calf Coat they will use less energy for body ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Development of time-temperature probes for tracking inactivation during composting

    Performing compost quality assessment such as compost stability is quite necessary for rating the quality of horse manure and biowaste composts and meeting specific regulatory requirements on the composition and compost process. The aim of this study was to identify an appropriate feedstock composition for use in the production of high quality compost. The objectives were to (1) identify an ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting

    Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting This overview of systems and operational projects describes factors which contribute to their success as well as the challenges that have forced sites to close. Many different approaches are being used to process large volumes of organic residuals with earthworms, ranging from relatively simple land and labor-intensive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Zoos, farms, companies converting manure to compost, biofuel

    Dan Corum calls himself “the doctor of doo,” the “minister of muck” and the “number one of number two.” Even though he enjoys making fun of his role as compost/recycling coordinator at the Woodland Park Zoo in Seattle, he — and others involved in using manure for compost or biofuel — are deadly serious about their efforts. Composting of manure from ...

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • 5 Essential Farm Implements For Smallholders

    What are your top tools or farm implements that make life as a smallholder that much easier? What’s on your Christmas wish list or gets regular use around your plot? We asked our team to share their essential implements and have created the Farm Tech Supplies Top 5 List of Farm Implements! If you have a trusted piece of farm equipment you couldn’t do without, ...


    By Farm Tech Supplies Ltd.

  • One Year Later · Persistent Herbicides in Compost

    ONE YEAR has passed since the Washington State University (WSU) composting facility and the Spokane Regional Compost Facility discovered traces of persistent herbicides in their composts. In Spokane, the source of contamination is a compound called clopyralid. Compost contamination at WSU initially involved the herbicide picloram, but clopyralid has since been detected in the compost also. In ...


  • 5 C’s Of Calf Care

    Every producer has individual opportunities and challenges due to their housing environment and management strategy. The key to maximizing growth, health, and long-term profitability is establishing a sound system of care for your pre-ruminant livestock. No matter the system you choose, ensuring these 5 keys to management are acknowledged and defined for you and your team will enhance the ...


    By Grober Nutrition USA

  • Cost-Benefit Analyses: Exploring the Economics of On-Farm Composting

    When exploring the merits of on-farm composting, the question most often raised is: What are the economics? How do the savings or revenues from on-farm composting compare to the costs? Of course, the answer is the ever present “it depends.” Expenses, resources, revenue opportunities, environmental constraints and circumstances vary greatly from one farm to the next. Most people would agree that ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Dairy Digester Opens Doors On Maryland Farm

    Kilby Inc., a 600-cow dairy operation located in Colora, Maryland, has the only operational commercial anaerobic digestion (AD) system in the state. In 2009, Kilby Inc. (the dairy farm and milk production business) began construction of a covered lagoon digester, which started operating in March 2011. The digester input consists of flushed cow manure (98% by volume) and food waste (2%), including ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Chicken Manure Management, Recycling, and Composting

    Chicken Manure Fertilizer Manufacturing Process If you have chickens, you will have manure. Fortunately, chicken manure is among the most prized of manures. Fresh chicken manure is considered a “hot” manure, which is unsuitable for immediate use. Chicken manure needs to be composted and aged at least two to three months before you add it to your garden. If you don’t wait ...

  • College Composting Program Matures

    Untitled Document To meet the need for quality compost, Berea College now processes 35 tons of food residuals each year, providing jobs for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Special Event Strategies: Recovering Compostables at Iowa Festivals

    Summer festivals offer food, entertainment, cultural enrichment and learning to Iowa residents. They also bring an increase in landfilled material due to the convenience of single use products and the diverse assortment of specialty food items. Last year, three Iowa agencies, the Butler County Solid Waste Commission (BCSWC), Bluestem Solid Waste Agency in Cedar Rapids and the Clinton County Area ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Preconsumer Collection : Composting Food Service Scraps at Resort

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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