straw plant Articles

  • Rice straw composting and its effect on soil properties

    In Egypt, recycling rice straw and organic wastes is of great concern as well as improvement of soil properties. Rice straw compost could improve both organic waste recycling and soil quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rice straw compost, with or without water treatment residuals (WTR), on soil chemical properties and dry weight of canola. The results showed that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rice straw composting and its effect on soil properties

    In Egypt, recycling rice straw and organic wastes is of great concern as well as improvement of soil properties. Rice straw compost could improve both organic waste recycling and soil quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rice straw compost, with or without water treatment residuals (WTR), on soil chemical properties and dry weight of canola. The results showed that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with rice straw: economic & energy feasibility

    Rice straw (RS) is one of the most abundant wastes generated in Valencia (Spain). Traditional waste disposal methods are harmful to the environment. The straw burning emits large amounts of toxic air pollutants and the straw burying produces uncontrolled anaerobic fermentation in the soil. The aim of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of cow manure anaerobic co-digestion with RS in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Uptake and distribution of Iodine in Rice plants

    Rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were cultivated in an experimental field and separated at harvest into different components, including polished rice, rice bran, hull, straw, and root. The contents of iodine in these components and the soil were determined by inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry and radiochemical neutron activation analysis, respectively. Iodine content varied by more than ...

  • A small plant with great success - case study

    The farm-based biogas plant operated by the Wienken family in Augustenfeld (near Löningen) is the first plant of its size built by bwe. Originally, the farm's operator had planned to install a straw heating element. However, since the input materials are available on the farm itself in their entirety, the decision to implement a biogas plant designed by bwe was obvious. One decisive aspect ...

  • Compost curing reduces suppression of plant diseases

    Prolonged curing of compost reduces risks of phytotoxicity but may also have an undesirable effect on suppressiveness against soil-borne diseases. In a previous study, this effect was demonstrated for a compost produced from a mixture of yard waste and biosolids, against Sclerotium rolfsii. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that similar effects of prolonged curing may be exhibited ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Corn stover using as a fuel in america

    In the world, US, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, Egypt, Kenya, Ghana, Zimbabwe, and so on, many countries grow corn, Case Study of Mozambique. Mozambique's main food crops are corn, rice, sorghum and cassava, corn is the staple food of Africans across the country are producing. Both of Corn stover and Corncob can be biomass fuel like straw, Corn stover biomass fuel boiler and corncob ...

  • Rice growth, grain yield, and floodwater nutrient dynamics as affected by nutrient placement method and rate

    The loss of major nutrients can be high in rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields, particularly rainfed rice, where water flowing from field to field during periods of high rainfall not only reduces the nutrient use efficiencies but also has the potential for environmental degradation. We examined the influence of deep point placement of N, P, and K briquettes compared to broadcast incorporation of N, P, ...

  • RMDF Case Study - Compost Mulch a Plum Choice

    ReMaDe Kent and Medway is managing a series of WRAP (the Waste & Resources Action Programme) funded trials on top fruit and other horticultural crops in Kent, the ‘Garden of England’, in order to develop the market for compost as a soil improver, and in this trial, as a mulch for young fruit trees. Twelve farms are taking part in the trials growing a wide range of crops, including strawberries, ...

  • The California rice cropping system: agronomic and natural resource issues for long-term sustainability

    California rice is produced on approximately 200,000 ha mostly in the Sacramento Valley. The crop is planted in April/May and harvested in September/October. The growing season is characterized by a Mediterranean climate with negligible rainfall, high solar radiation, and relatively cold nighttime temperatures, thus yields may exceed 9 t ha−1, 20% above the US average. California is a ...


    By Springer

  • Establishment and growth of self-seeded winter cereal cover crops in a soybean–corn rotation

    Perpetuating cereal cover crops through self-seeding may increase adoption by reducing risk and cost. Winter rye (Secale cereale L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) were used to develop self-seeding cover crop systems in a soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]–corn (Zea mays L.) rotation. Cereals were planted and managed chemically and mechanically in varying ...

  • Redefining ag-wastes as coproducts

    Alan Doering doesn’t have the word “waste” in his vocabulary. As the scientist heading up the Agricultural Utilization Research Institute’s (AURI) coproduct utilization program, Doering sees crop residue, agricultural processing leftovers and biomass as products with value worth exploring. “Every leftover or coproduct has a value,” Doering says. “Our goal is to find the best use with the highest ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization current research March 2007

    Crop Response Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost Investigators: William F. Brinton and Eric Evans, Woods End Research Laboratory, Inc., Mt. Vernon, Maine Objectives: To determine the quantity of total and water-soluble boron in compost and other sources and their relationship to plant performance and toxicity symptoms; and to establish toxicity thresholds ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Two Great Brands Grow Together as ECBVerdyol

    ErosionControlBlanket.com and Verdyol Plant Research are pleased to announce that merging of their operations, resulting in the launch of a single, more customer focused brand, ECBVerdyol. “ECBVerdyol represents the bringing together of two strong organizations, and an incredible depth of established products”, said Mark Myrowich, CEO, ECBVerdyol. “As a unified company, ...


    By Erosion Control Blanket

  • Conservation versus conventional tillage on performance of three different crops

    Conservation tillage, besides being more economical, prevents soil erosion and has other beneficial effects on our environment, but few studies have been conducted on differential responses of different crops to conservation tillage. The main objective of this study was to examine the interaction of tillage with crop species. Rainfed field experiments in a strip-plot design with four replicates ...

  • Minimizing Festival Trash

    The Whole Earth Festival at the University of California-Davis is a student-organized event that takes place annually in early May. The weekend attendance is approximately 30,000 people, with 16 food vendors and 100-plus craft booths. One major emphasis of the festival is environmental sustainability. To minimize waste generation, an integrated solid waste prevention strategy was conceptualized ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization: Current research

    Materials and Methods Composting To Eradicate Fusarium Graminearum From Infested Livestock FeedInvestigators: Francis J. Larney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada; T. Kelly Turkington, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada Objectives: Fusarium head blight, caused by Fusarium graminearum, could potentially become a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • One Year Later · Persistent Herbicides in Compost

    ONE YEAR has passed since the Washington State University (WSU) composting facility and the Spokane Regional Compost Facility discovered traces of persistent herbicides in their composts. In Spokane, the source of contamination is a compound called clopyralid. Compost contamination at WSU initially involved the herbicide picloram, but clopyralid has since been detected in the compost also. In ...


  • Current research projects

    Phosphorus availability as influenced by organic residues in five calcareous soilsInvestigator: Mohsen Jalali, Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, IranObjectives: To investigate the effect of time and organic residue addition on P availability in some calcareous soils. The use of organic residue is appropriate in maintaining long-term ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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