sub-irrigation Articles

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Keyhole Gardens; Positive Impact on Food Security

    World hunger is a constant problem. It has been one of the most widely discussed topics in recent years. Rapidly increasing global population, limited natural resources, and climatic changes, has resulted in the need for a sustainable increase in food production. Scientists, governments, and organizations across the world are working together to bring innovations and good farming practices which ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • A novel synthesis method for TiO2 particles with magnetic Fe3O4 cores

    TiO2@(AC/Fe3O4) (AC is activated carbon) was prepared by using AC and Fe3O4 as joint support. The morphological features, crystal structure, and magnetism of the final product were characterized. The results indicate that TiO2 particles formed on the surface of AC and Fe3O4; the sizes of TiO2 and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Degradation of Orange II in aqueous solution by a novel electro/Fe3O4 process

    The removal of Orange II in aqueous solution by Fe3O4 enhanced anode oxidation (EC/Fe3O4 process) was performed in an electrochemical reactor. The process involved the use of a dimensionally stable anode and a stainless steel cathode. Fe3O4 was performed as particle electrodes to increase mass transfer coefficient and reduce energy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seeds of change in sub-Saharan Africa

    In the late 1900s, as per-acre grain yields moved to 3 metric tons per hectare in South and Southeast Asia and Latin America, 5 metric tons per hectare in China, and 10 metric tons per hectare in North America, Europe and Japan, there’s one place where production stagnated big time: sub-Saharan Africa, where loss of soil fertility on small farms trapped grain production at an unsustainable ...


    By Ensia

  • Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of 1D TiO2 nanostructures

    Nanowire/nanorod TiO2 structures of approximately 8 nm in diameter and around 1,000 nm long were synthesized by alkaline hydrothermal treatment of two different TiO2 nanopowders. The first precursor was TiO2 obtained by the sol-gel process (SG-TiO2); the second was the well-known commercial TiO2 P-25 (P25-TiO2). Anatase-like 1D TiO2 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arsenic in irrigated paddy soils

    Natural arsenic pollution of drinking water has been reported from over 70 countries world-wide, affecting an estimated 150 million people (Ravenscroft et. al., 2008). About 50 million of these people live in Bangladesh, 30 million in India and 33 million in six other countries of south and south-east Asia. It has recently been recognised that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation ...

  • Incentives and instruments for sustainable irrigation

    This book looks at Sustainable Irrigation in a holistic way, considering the multidisciplinary objectives of sustainable agriculture, sustainable water management, sustainable water infrastructure, sustainable irrigation communities and a sustainable environment, the need to reallocate water between competing users, and the need for water and food security in an environment of scarcity. It does ...


    By WIT Press

  • Variable Demand Irrigation

    2,000 GPM Turbine pump supplies four 500 GPM pivot sprinklers After three VFD’s failed in less than five years, this farmer decided to try a Cycle Stop Valve. Three years later there have been no problems with the CSV. The system is able to supply one pivot just as easily as all four pivots when ...


    By Cycle Stop Valves, Inc.

  • Irrigation by Sewage Effluents in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle East Countries in the sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents comply with the effluent quality regulations. The oxidation and stabilization ponds are considered the most appropriate for the warm climate conditions in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Empowering Women in Irrigation Management

    This case study aims to highlight, within the context of a Gender Pilot of the Peru Sierra Irrigation Project, how women's different needs were identified to facilitate their access to training and to increase their participation in the management of water users' organizations. It follows the diagnostic participatory discussions around the importance for communities to include women in water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • National Technology Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa

    There is an increasing concern among policy-makers in many countries about national 'competitiveness' and the technological dynamism required to be competitive. In developing countries, industrial and technological performance is closely linked to their capacity to use technologies efficiently. This reflects the fact that they are seldom 'innovators' in a narrow sense, but they crucially need to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Environmental Impacts of Irrigation in the European Union

    The purpose of the studies is to explore the relationship generally between agricultural sectors and practices and the environment. The sectoral studies describe the environmental relationship, the practical possibilities to improve that relationship and the various options (with agri-environmental measures) to establish environmental gains. They should contribute to an informal debate and ...

  • Deficit irrigation optimization of cotton with aquacrop

    Given the current pressures to reduce irrigation water use, it is important to optimize the use of water in irrigated agriculture. This work was aimed at determining the optimum level of applied irrigation water (AIW) for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in southern Spain under several climatic and agricultural policy scenarios. To generate the yield response to variations in AIW, we ...

  • British rail - track sub-ballast, England

    Soft sub-soils created problems for the highspeed British Rail Eastern Region rail line in Northumberland, England. Rail speed on the Intercity line from Edinburgh to London had to be significantly reduced because of the soft peat sub-base. The GEOWEB cellular confinement system was installed to stabilize the sub-ballast over soft soils, reduce subsoil movement by stiffening the sub-ballast and ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • The effect of winter flood irrigation with saline water on groundwater in a typical irrigation area

    Flood irrigation in the winter has been widely applied in northwest China for several years, but little attention has been paid to the flood irrigation program to date. In order to seek a reasonable irrigation quota, a flood irrigation experiment using two common quotas (1,800 and 1,200 m3 ha−1) was conducted in an area irrigated by saline water in the Nanjiang basin with shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of the CERES-wheat model for variations in CO2 and meteorological factors in Northwest Turkey

    Plant growth is very sensitive to variations in atmospheric factors. Possible effects of climate change on plant growth can be estimated and evaluated using the crop growth simulation models. In this study, the CERES (Crop Environment Resource Synthesis)-wheat model was applied to two consequent growing seasons (1997–1998 and 1998–1999) in order to determine the model sensitivity on the changes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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