subsurface irrigation Articles

  • Cotton subsurface drip and overhead irrigation efficiency, maturity, yield, and quality

    Subsurface drip (SSD) is used as a water-efficient alternative to overhead irrigation in many crops. This study compared soil water, water use, crop maturity, lint yield, and fiber quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown with SSD to cotton grown with overhead irrigation. Three experiments were conducted at two Georgia locations in 2004 and 2005. Treatments consisted of overhead irrigated, ...

  • Subsurface drip and overhead irrigation: a comparison of plant boll distribution in upland cotton

    Although subsurface drip (SSD) is used as a water-efficient alternative to overhead irrigation in many crops, the effects of SSD on the distribution of bolls on cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.) have not been thoroughly examined. The purpose of this study was to add to the current knowledge about the effects of SSD on cotton yield dynamics. Cultivar DP 488 BG/RR was grown in three studies ...

  • Intake and digestibility of ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass hay from treated swine waste using subsurface drip irrigation

    Waste handling systems for confined swine production in the upper South (approximately 32–37° N and 79–93° W) depend mainly on anaerobic lagoons and application of the waste effluent to cropland. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of ‘Coastal’ bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] hay receiving effluent generated from a raw swine waste treatment system designed to ...

  • Minimizing health risks during secondary effluent application via subsurface drip irrigation

    Health risks posed on consumers due to the use of agricultural products irrigated with reclaimed wastewater were assessed by numerical simulation. The analysis is based on defining of an Exposure Model (EM) which takes into account several parameters: (i) the quality of the applied wastewater, (ii) the irrigation method, (iii) the elapsed times between irrigation, harvest, and product ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of recycled water applied by surface and subsurface irrigation on the growth, photosynthetic indices and nutrient content of young olive trees in central Iran

    Water shortage has encouraged the quest for alternative sources of water for food production and agricultural development. Recycled water (RW) is one of the most available water resources with great potential for use in farm irrigation. This experiment was carried out to investigate the use of RW as the irrigation source and its application method, subsurface leaky irrigation (SLI) system or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of constructed wetland performance for irrigation reuse

    Most of the wastewater treatment systems in small rural communities of the Cova da Beira region (Portugal) consist of constructed wetlands (CW) with horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF). It is believed that those systems allow the compliance of discharge standards as well as the production of final effluents with suitability for reuse. Results obtained in a nine-month campaign in an HSSF bed pointed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops

    The book entitled Water Quality, Soil and Managing Irrigation of Crops comprises three sections, specifically: Reuse Water Quality, Soil and Pollution which comprises five technical chapters, Managing Irrigation of Crops with four, and Examples of Irrigation Systems three technical chapters, all presented by the respective authors in their own fields of expertise. This text should be of interest ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse of constructed wetland effluents for irrigation of energy crops

    The aim of this study was to evaluate biomass production of promising ‘no-food’ energy crops, Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. and Arundo donax (L.), irrigated with low quality water at different evapotranspiration restitutions. Two horizontal subsurface flow (H-SSF) constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

  • Performance evaluation of condensation–irrigation solar system under arid climate conditions

    Scarcity of water, major critical concern in arid areas, has led to the use of low–quality irrigation water in agriculture in most of arid climate areas. The quality of water used for agriculture has to be reduced to a sustainable level that is also adapted to the environment. This paper presents the performance of a pilot condensation irrigation (CI) solar system in Tunisia under arid ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The response of phytoplankton and microlayer-adapted bacteria to monolayer application in a humic, eutrophic irrigation dam

    Repeat applications of artificial monolayers to farm irrigation dams to reduce evaporative loss may adversely affect water quality by enhancing populations of microlayer-adapted bacteria and blue-green algae. The microlayer, subsurface and water column of a 16 ha dam were monitored every two weeks for 18 months, to benchmark the seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and microlayer-adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of constructed wetlands for the treatment and reuse of urban wastewater for the irrigation of two warm-season turfgrass species under Mediterranean climatic conditions

    Constructed wetlands (CWs) represent low-cost technology for the treatment and reuse of wastewater in urban areas. This study aimed to evaluate the pollutant removal efficiency of a CW system and to assess the effects of irrigation using treated urban wastewater on soil and on two warm-season turf species. The research was carried out in Sicily (Italy) on a pilot-scale horizontal subsurface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Precision application of water for peri-urban horticulture

    Vegetables are grown in the peri-urban zone throughout Australia on various soil types and in various climates. In order to grow vegetables throughout the year, irrigation is generally needed to supplement natural precipitation. Peri-urban horticulture in the Sydney region supplies fresh vegetables, cut flowers, turf and other farm produce. Competition for water and environmental impacts (e.g. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Omaha beach golf course

    The rich green swathes of the new extension of Omaha Golf Course are visual proof of high technol¬ogy at its best, enabling lush ungated grass to survive all year round despite being bordered on two sides by ocean and estuary and buitt on a combination of sand dunes and wetlands. It is a world first, and an international success story for the three main players - local drainlayer Ivor Jones, ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Root intrusion prevention

    Nothing spells the death of a subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) system taster than root intrusion. With more growers placing drip irrigation lines below the soil surface, the need for a better understanding of how to keep roots out of drip emitters has also become more important. Work done at The ("enter for Irrigation Technology (GIT) over the past 10 years has given us some insight into how to ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Reducing agriculture’s water footprint

    Decentralized Water Reuse Can Help Preserve Sources of Fresh Water As the world population grows, so does the demand for food and the need to grow more crops. In many regions of the world, water has become a scarce resource, with supplies affected by climatic changes. Not only does water scarcity limit farmers’ ability to irrigate their crops, but overdrawing groundwater supplies ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Stealth reuse Ocala`s airport solution

    Abstract In 1996, the City of Ocala constructed a subsurface reuse irrigation project in the clear zone at the local airport. This site is the first reuse project permitted on an airport property by FAA in the southeast in over 20 years. The site is a key element in Ocala’s reuse system, which was recently named the MOST INNOVATIVE AND EFFECTIVE REUSE SYSTEM in EPA Region 4. The ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Reuse of dairy lagoon wastewater through SDI in forage crops

    Abstract California has become the leading dairy products producing state in the USA. This has resulted in farms commonly milking several thousand cows per day. The care and feeding of the animals has produced large waste streams commonly collected and stored in lagoons. Environmentally safe handling and reuse of the lagooned wastewater is the objective of this study. A system of ...


    By Geoflow, Inc.

  • Landscape trees benefit from potassium-based superabsorbent polymer-amended backfill soil

    Weiner (1975) put it aptly when he stated that “However rewarding the act of tree planting may be, watching a young tree slowly die can be spiritually defeating.” Landscape plants, noted Richard Harris (1983) in his well-known “Arboriculture” book, “probably suffer more from moisture-related problems than from any other cause.” The success of tree planting ...

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