windrow temperature Articles

  • Windrow Turner Equipment Review

    Untitled Document IN TODAY'S modern composting world, there is “windrow composting,” ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Open-air windrows for winter disposal of frozen cattle mortalities: effects of ambient temperature and mortality layering

    After imposition of fees for disposal of cattle carcasses by the rendering industry, on-farm methods of mortality disposal are being investigated. Three open-air mortality compost windrows were constructed in January (JAN) and February (FEB) of 2004 in the cold, semiarid climate of southern Alberta, Canada. Windrow A included a base of barley straw a minimum of 46 cm thick, a layer of cattle ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The relevance of moisture control in organic municipal Solid waste windrow composting process

    The valorisation of the Municipal Solid Waste composting fraction assumes importance in management strategies of the MSW and constitutes a way of producing an organic material such as humus to improve the soil aeration, the water holding capacity and valuable product when used as soil amendment because it is a source of nutrients (N, P, K) and useful for recovery of poor and degraded soils. It is ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Windrow co-composting of shredded office paper and Broiler Litter

    The co-composting of shredded waste office paper with Broiler Litter (BL) in windrows was analysed in this study. Two compost mixes were monitored for five weeks; Mix 1 comprised 322kg BL, 117 kg shredded paper and 310L water and Mix 2 consisted of 112 kg BL, 265 kg shredded paper and 290 L water. The initial wet moisture content, initial porosity and initial wet bulk density for Mix 1 were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of time-temperature probes for tracking pathogen inactivation during composting

    Pathogen inactivation is expected to occur in compost if temperatures over 55°C (131°F) are maintained for at least 3 days, or 15 days in windrows. However, a literature review revealed pathogen survival in a significant number of processes appearing to meet the prescribed time-temperature criteria. It was hypothesized that pathogen survival may be due to the existence of undetected temperature ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Leaf composting in cold climates: a theoretical and an experimental evaluation

    There are many factors influencing the process of composting organic waste. This paper provides an experimental and theoretical evaluation of the leaf composting process to elucidate the importance of these various factors during composting of leaves. The analysis is performed specifically for the environmental conditions encountered in cold climates. Theoretical models are developed to evaluate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental Risk Assessment of compost prepared from salvinia, egeria densa, and alligator weed

    Approximately 70,000 m3 of salvinia (Salvinia molesta) was removed from the Hawkesbury-Nepean River, New South Wales (NSW), Australia, during 2004. This study assessed the risks associated with applying compost prepared from aquatic weeds (AWC) to land, namely, survival and spread of aquatic and terrestrial weeds, eutrophication of waterways, accumulation of heavy metals and phytotoxicity. The ...

  • Organic Fertilizer Production Process

    Organic fertilizer Production Process   Mixing original and auxiliary materials   Mixing livestock manure,biogas residue or crop stalks and ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Minimizing Festival Trash

    The Whole Earth Festival at the University of California-Davis is a student-organized event that takes place annually in early May. The weekend attendance is approximately 30,000 people, with 16 food vendors and 100-plus craft booths. One major emphasis of the festival is environmental sustainability. To minimize waste generation, an integrated solid waste prevention strategy was conceptualized ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting

    Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting This overview of systems and operational projects describes factors which contribute to their success as well as the challenges that have forced sites to close. Many different approaches are being used to process large volumes of organic residuals with earthworms, ranging from relatively simple land and labor-intensive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Edmonton is a world-class composting city

    State-of-the-art compost facility draws visitors from around the world A Canadian composting facility has become a hub for industry experts from around the world. Visitors from virtually every continent have visited the Edmonton Composting Facility to learn how this state-of-the art facility is combining sewage sludge (biosolids) with residential solid waste, to create a high-quality ...


    By Vermeer

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Selected antimicrobial resistance during composting of manure from cattle administered sub-therapeutic antimicrobials

    Received for publication December 10, 2007. Composting is being increasingly employed for the recycling of nutrients in manure from the livestock industry. However, composting manure from animals fed antimicrobials has not been well characterized. In this study, compost windrows were prepared using manure collected from cattle (Bos Taurus L.) fed tylosin (TY), chlortetracycline-sulphamethazine ...

  • Classification of Compost Turners

    Compost turner can be divided into 3 kinds. I would like to introduce them to you one by one. 1. Self-propelled Compost Turner Our self-propelled organic fertilizer turner is with 4 wheels. The whole body of the compost ...


    By Allance Fertilizer Machinery

  • Disposal Company Expands Composting Operations

    Since 1997, Texas Disposal Systems, Inc. (TDS) - an independently owned solid waste company located near Austin, Texas - has operated a composting division, Texas Organic Products (TOP). In our previous BioCycle report ( -Composting Is Alive and Well In Central Texas, - October, 1997), we described how TOP evolved after starting an initial grinding and static pile composting operation at our ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Logistics of composting urban yard trimmings

    GROVER Landscape Services, Inc. operates several composting facilities in northern California. Its site in Vernalis receives yard trimmings and food waste from various communities around the San Francisco Bay area, between 70 and 100 miles to the east. These include the City of Berkeley, portions of Alameda County, City of San Francisco, City of Livermore and others. Materials also arrive from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor

    Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor When the Hawaii Department of Health tightened its restrictions on landfilling biosolids by requiring the lining of sludge drying beds, the U.S. Navy Public Works Center (PWC) at Pearl Harbor decided to look for a less expensive alternative to landfilling. Biosolids composting became the Navy’s answer. A pilot project was started in July, 1997, and the full-scale ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Large-Scale Composting Facility Thrives in ST. Louis Suburbs

    Untitled Document DANG! That makes me mad,” says ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you