windrow temperature monitoring Articles

  • Windrow Turner Equipment Review

    Untitled Document IN TODAY'S modern composting world, there is “windrow composting,” ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Windrow co-composting of shredded office paper and Broiler Litter

    The co-composting of shredded waste office paper with Broiler Litter (BL) in windrows was analysed in this study. Two compost mixes were monitored for five weeks; Mix 1 comprised 322kg BL, 117 kg shredded paper and 310L water and Mix 2 consisted of 112 kg BL, 265 kg shredded paper and 290 L water. The initial wet moisture content, initial porosity and initial wet bulk density for Mix 1 were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of time-temperature probes for tracking pathogen inactivation during composting

    Pathogen inactivation is expected to occur in compost if temperatures over 55°C (131°F) are maintained for at least 3 days, or 15 days in windrows. However, a literature review revealed pathogen survival in a significant number of processes appearing to meet the prescribed time-temperature criteria. It was hypothesized that pathogen survival may be due to the existence of undetected temperature ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Environmental Risk Assessment of compost prepared from salvinia, egeria densa, and alligator weed

    Approximately 70,000 m3 of salvinia (Salvinia molesta) was removed from the Hawkesbury-Nepean River, New South Wales (NSW), Australia, during 2004. This study assessed the risks associated with applying compost prepared from aquatic weeds (AWC) to land, namely, survival and spread of aquatic and terrestrial weeds, eutrophication of waterways, accumulation of heavy metals and phytotoxicity. The ...

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Minimizing Festival Trash

    The Whole Earth Festival at the University of California-Davis is a student-organized event that takes place annually in early May. The weekend attendance is approximately 30,000 people, with 16 food vendors and 100-plus craft booths. One major emphasis of the festival is environmental sustainability. To minimize waste generation, an integrated solid waste prevention strategy was conceptualized ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Site Remediation Success

    Dorchester County, Maryland agreed to a remediation plan that involved composting the 140,000 tons of unprocessed feedstocks stored on site. An aggressive strategy has ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Edmonton is a world-class composting city

    State-of-the-art compost facility draws visitors from around the world A Canadian composting facility has become a hub for industry experts from around the world. Visitors from virtually every continent have visited the Edmonton Composting Facility to learn how this state-of-the art facility is combining sewage sludge (biosolids) with residential solid waste, to create a high-quality ...


    By Vermeer

  • Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor

    Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor When the Hawaii Department of Health tightened its restrictions on landfilling biosolids by requiring the lining of sludge drying beds, the U.S. Navy Public Works Center (PWC) at Pearl Harbor decided to look for a less expensive alternative to landfilling. Biosolids composting became the Navy’s answer. A pilot project was started in July, 1997, and the full-scale ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Disposal Company Expands Composting Operations

    Since 1997, Texas Disposal Systems, Inc. (TDS) - an independently owned solid waste company located near Austin, Texas - has operated a composting division, Texas Organic Products (TOP). In our previous BioCycle report ( -Composting Is Alive and Well In Central Texas, - October, 1997), we described how TOP evolved after starting an initial grinding and static pile composting operation at our ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Logistics of composting urban yard trimmings

    GROVER Landscape Services, Inc. operates several composting facilities in northern California. Its site in Vernalis receives yard trimmings and food waste from various communities around the San Francisco Bay area, between 70 and 100 miles to the east. These include the City of Berkeley, portions of Alameda County, City of San Francisco, City of Livermore and others. Materials also arrive from ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Large-Scale Composting Facility Thrives in ST. Louis Suburbs

    Untitled Document DANG! That makes me mad,” says ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Pragmatic farm composters forge new path to resource recovery

    AG CHOICE is an on-farm composting operation located in the scenic countryside of Andover, New Jersey. On the drive to tour their site, it was astounding just how much of New Jersey, our most densely populated state, is still rural. Jay and Jill Fischer operate the two-year-old facility, which is one of a kind in New Jersey. Jay also owns and operates a sawmill in the area, and it was while ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Food Residuals on Campus

    Two professors at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls (UW-RF) have used their knowledge of organics recycling projects to implement a food residuals composting program on campus. “It just makes sense in the long run to divert these materials now and lay the groundwork for the future,” says Bob Butler of the Agricultural Engineering Department, who is working closely with Jerry Nolte, an ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Closed loop system takes manure and methane

    A CONVERSION plant in Mead, Nebraska is processing manure and methane to create ethanol and compost. According to Nebraska Governor Dave Heineman: “This plant sets a new standard for ethanol production in this state and our nation, and is an example of the innovation needed to take this industry to the next level. It lets America get its automotive fuel from the croplands of the Midwest instead ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composters Build Strong Links to California Farms

    The rapidly increasing amounts of compost applied to California farms can be traced to numerous factors — better crops, fewer disease problems, greater emphasis on product quality, mandated state recycling goals, savings in disposal costs and savings in chemical inputs. And then there’s the factor of friendship, longtime personal relationships that build trust between composters and farm ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Special Event Strategies: Recovering Compostables at Iowa Festivals

    Summer festivals offer food, entertainment, cultural enrichment and learning to Iowa residents. They also bring an increase in landfilled material due to the convenience of single use products and the diverse assortment of specialty food items. Last year, three Iowa agencies, the Butler County Solid Waste Commission (BCSWC), Bluestem Solid Waste Agency in Cedar Rapids and the Clinton County Area ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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