woody biomass Articles

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Projects on Woody Biomass to Benefit Industry Within a Few Years

    Making the stuff of bio-based plastics, identifying new value chains in "forest" biorefinery, finding the perfect method for quick drying sludge or pinning down the best kind of pine for making bio-based products. These are the topics of four research projects whose instigators, all Bio4Energy researchers based in northern ...


    By Bio4Energy

  • Scale of biomass production from new woody crops for salinity control in dryland agriculture in Australia

    There is scope internationally to utilise surplus and degraded agricultural land for biomass crops that might also be environmentally beneficial. For example, dryland salinity in southern Australian could be ameliorated using profitable woody biomass crops. A model was developed to predict biomass production from such woody crops. At a biomass price of A$35/t (green) and a water use efficiency of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Applying ERP to the biomass supply chain

    Green alternatives to hydrocarbon-based fuels are increasingly derived from recycled waste materials, including paper and packaging materials; residues from other industrial processes, and perhaps most importantly, biomass. Biomass comprises plant waste and plant by-products, and currently represents one of the most exciting avenues of research in the development of alternatives to fossil fuels. ...


    By MHG Systems Ltd

  • Regeneration of teak forests under joint forest management in Gujarat

    In order to understand the impact of JFM in Gujarat, a study was conducted in three divisions viz., Baria, Rajpipala and Sabarkantha covering 24 villages. Vegetation parameters such as species richness, density of trees, basal areas, Shanon Weiner's diversity index, woody biomass and MAI were observed and compared with control plots in a non-JFM village. Stem density, species richness, species ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Productivity of ephemeral headwater riparian forests impacted by sedimentation in the southeastern United States coastal plain

    Received for publication April 30, 2008. Riparian forests serve an essential function in improving water quality through the filtering of sediments and nutrients from surface runoff. However, little is known about the impact of sediment deposition on productivity of riparian forests. Sediment inputs may act as a subsidy to forest productivity by providing additional nutrients for plant uptake or ...

  • Evaluation of regeneration of Shorea robusta forests under joint forest management in West Bengal, India

    West Midnapore, West Bengal, is one of the pioneering localities for joint forest management experiments in India, imparting a momentum to such a large programme on community forestry. Thus, a review and understanding of the success and failures would help a long way in finetuning an already developed programme, particularly from the ecological point of view. Midnapore division has indicated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stocks, Chemistry, and Sensitivity to Climate Change of Dead Organic Matter Along the Canadian Boreal Forest

    Abstract Improving our ability to predict the impact of climate change on the carbon (C) balance of boreal forests requires increased understanding of site-specific factors controlling detrital and soil C accumulation. Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) and black spruce (Picea mariana) stands along the Boreal Forest Transect Case Study (BFTCS) in northern Canada have similar C stocks in aboveground ...


    By Springer

  • Evaluation of air pollution phytotoxicity downwind of a phosphate fertilizer factory in India

    The effects of air pollution on plants downwind of a fertilizer factory at Udaipur, India, were studied using three woody perennials. Seedlings of these species including a shrub (Carissa carandas L.), a leguminous avenue tree (Cassia fistula L.) and a fruit tree (Psidium guajava L.) were grown in earthen pots at different study sites receiving varying levels of air pollution input. Changes in ...


    By Springer

  • Soil Microbial Community Response to Land Use Change in an Agricultural Landscape of Western Kenya

    Tropical agroecosystems are subject to degradation processes such as losses in soil carbon, nutrient depletion, and reduced water holding capacity that occur rapidly resulting in a reduction in soil fertility that can be difficult to reverse. In this research, a polyphasic methodology has been used to investigate changes in microbial community structure and function in a series of tropical soils ...


    By Springer

  • Decadal changes in Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium in a deciduous forest soil

    Decadal changes in soil exchangeable K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ concentrations and contents from 1972 to 2004 in eight intensively monitored plots on Walker Branch Watershed were compared with estimates of increments or decrements in vegetation and detritus. The results from these eight plots compared favorably with those from a more extensive set from 24 soil sampling plots sampled in 1972 and 2004. ...

  • Mulch producers tune into biofuel boom

    The biofuels boom, spurred by government pursuit of energy independence, is a key factor in a congressional movement on alterative energy. Already the government is spending millions on biofuel research and development, and federal law is in place to increase usage of forest and timber resources for biofuel. In their 2005 “Billion Ton Report,” the US Department of Energy (DOE) and ...

  • Distribution of 15N tracers applied to the canopy of a mature spruce-hemlock stand, Howland, Maine, USA

    In nitrogen (N) limited ecosystems fertilization by increases in N deposition may enhance plant growth and thus impact carbon (C) sequestration. However in many experimental N fertilization experiments that test this interaction, soils and not plants are the main fate of additional N. A key methodological feature in many N deposition-C sequestration experiments is the addition of N directly to ...


    By University of Maine

  • The Role of Mangroves in Fisheries Enhancement

    In 2011 humans caught and consumed 78.9 million tonnes of fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other species groups from the world’s oceans, accounting for 16.6% of the world’s animal protein intake (FAO 2012). This is projected to increase further, to over 93 million tonnes by 2030 (World Bank 2013). Global demand for fish products has increased dramatically over recent decades. Fishing ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Closed-Loop Companies

    At Big Rock Brewery, spent grain is used as cattle feed. Pictured here is brewmaster Paul Gautreau. Alberta may not always get an A-grade when it comes to the environment, but in some areas the province’s enterprises are on the leading edge. In industries from agriculture to forestry to beer, Alberta businesses are taking their own initiative to become closed-loop producers – that ...


    By Himark bioGas Inc

  • Lignin: A Possible Substitute for Petrochemicals in Products - Videos

    Usually burnt to heat the facilities at pulp and paper-making operations after valuable carbohydrate components such as cellulose have been separated from the woody feedstock—and sometimes cursed for its tendency to stick like glue to the other components of the wood—the polymer lignin, making up almost a third of the wood in trees, has become hot property in research and development ...


    By Bio4Energy

  • Improving Performance · Processing Equipment Retrofit at Florida Composting Facility

    PALM Beach County, Florida may have been confused during the last presidential election but there is no confusion about management of the county’s organic waste stream. Palm Beach County has a population of approximately 1.2 million people and the Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County is responsible for the management and disposal of the solid waste that is generated here. The authority ...


  • Creating a Sustainable Food Future: Interim Findings - A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

    The world’s agricultural system faces a great balancing act. To meet different human needs, by 2050 it must simultaneously produce far more food for a population expected to reach about 9.6 billion, provide economic opportunities for the hundreds of millions of rural poor who depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, and reduce environmental impacts, including ecosystem degradation and ...

  • Preconsumer Collection : Composting Food Service Scraps at Resort

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Users Forum : Compost Research On Wisconsin Organic Farm

     Cocomposting at Pearl Harbor PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON LEVELS “One unique local characteristic (and treatment difficulty) we encountered in our composting program,” says Stan Konno, PWC environmental department director head, “is the high level of diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content in the sludge from the WWTF at Fort Kamehameha.” Oil from past leaks in pipelines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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