Keywords: corporate alliance, inter-organisational intelligence, organisational intelligence, alliance community, business planning capability, knowledge sharing, Japan
Knowledge sharing in inter-organisational intelligence: R&D-based venture alliance community cases in Japan
It is important for corporate alliances not only to make up for lack of resources but also to share knowledge among members effectively. Based on previous studies by Nonaka (1990) and Matsuda (1990), we develop the concept of 'inter-organisational intelligence', to analyse the knowledge-sharing mechanism in an alliance community. Through some case studies and the results of questionnaires, this paper shows that inter-organisational intelligence is different from the individual organisational intelligence in creating business planning capability, which is related to the success of alliances. The paper also shows that inter-organisational intelligence is formed through two steps.