US EPA - Environmental Protection Agency

National management strategy for Methyl Bromide


Courtesy of US EPA - Environmental Protection Agency

The United States has supported the objectives of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Protocol, or Montreal Protocol) since before the inception of this landmark environmental treaty in 1987. The United States developed this strategy on methyl bromide (MeBr) in accordance with Decision Ex. I/4 (3) which requests a Party nominating a Critical Use Exemption (CUE) after 2005 to provide a national management strategy on the use of MeBr. The information upon which this strategy was developed is the result of a collaborative research effort at the national, state, and local levels. The relevant provision of this decision taken in March 2004 requests “each Party which makes a critical-use nomination after 2005 to submit a national management strategy for phase-out of critical uses of methyl bromide to the Ozone Secretariat before 1 February 2006.”

The criteria for the critical use exemption are delineated in Decision IX/6. In that Decision, the Parties agreed that “a use of methyl bromide should qualify as ‘critical’ only if the nominating Party determines that: (i) The specific use is critical because the lack of availability of methyl bromide for that use would result in a significant market disruption; and (ii) there are no technically and economically feasible alternatives or substitutes available to the user that are acceptable from the standpoint of environment and public health and are suitable to the crops and circumstances of the nomination.“ The Critical Use Nomination for which this strategy has been developed involved careful review of the circumstances and research surrounding the individual conditions and sectors identified.

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