Keywords: agreement on agriculture, agriculture, development box, Doha, Doha Agenda, food, food security, human rights, human rights covenants, non-trade concerns, NTCs, security box, United Nations, UN, World Trade Organisation, WTO
Non-trade concerns in WTO trade negotiations: legal and legitimate reasons for revising the "box" system
The extent to which non-trade concerns fit with the overall, long-term WTO Doha Agenda objective "to establish a fair and market-oriented trading system for world agricultural trade" is considered from both a legal and economic viewpoint. Human rights guarantees in United Nations covenants related to non-trade concerns are evaluated in light of WTO rules. Proposals are presented for a non-trade concerns "box" to be added in a final agreement on agriculture, in line with world-wide calls for food security and development of poor countries, and demands by developed countries for recognition of multifunctionality of agriculture as a way to protect their resources in a sustainable manner.