Articles

  • On-farm evaluation of the improved soil nmin–based nitrogen management for summer maize in North China plain

    The improved soil Nmin–based N management is a promising approach to precision N management, which determines the optimum side-dress N rates based on N target values and measured soil nitrate N content in the root soil layer at different growth stages. A total of 148 on-farm N-response experiments, in seven key summer maize (Zea mays L.) production regions of North China Plain (NCP) from 2003 to ...

  • Cocoa industrial debris composting in soil and earthworm breeding

    Toasted husk, the main cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) industrialization by-product, was added to pots in different husk doses with 1 kg of topsoil from a cocoa plantation (Umbrisol) and then treated with 5 earthworms (Pontoscolex corethrurus) during 60 days, in a greenhouse experiment. Amendment enhanced (p < 0.5) soil organic matter, water retention, bulk density. Best dose for earthworms ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rice straw composting and its effect on soil properties

    In Egypt, recycling rice straw and organic wastes is of great concern as well as improvement of soil properties. Rice straw compost could improve both organic waste recycling and soil quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rice straw compost, with or without water treatment residuals (WTR), on soil chemical properties and dry weight of canola. The results showed that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Tomra Helps Food Manufacturers Lower The Danger Of Lethal Aflatoxin

    The threat of deadly aflatoxin is being reduced by food manufacturers across the world, through the use of TOMRA’s innovative laser technology and sorting machines Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world, behind only heart disease, and rising mortality rates make it a significant public health threat. The World ...


    By TOMRA Sorting GmbH.

  • Advancements In Algal Biomass Yield, Phase 2 Funding Announced

    On January 15, 2016, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $15 million in funding for the development of algal biofuel intermediate technologies. Technology applicants should be likely to produce 3,700 gallons of algal biofuel intermediate per acre per year on an annualized ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • The karez of the Sauran region of Central Asia

    A large number of lines of water collection wells were identified by aerial surveys in the arid region near the ancient city of Sauran on the Middle Syr Darya (South Kazakhstan, Central Asia). They are locally called karez, which in Persian means ‘water uplift’. Initially these were assumed to be qanat, a water collection and distribution system that is widespread in the Middle East, North Africa ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Growing cool-season crops could save California water

    Farmers base their decisions on which crops to grow based on a number of factors, including yield, water availability, and return on investment. In California, farmers most often decide to plant crops that thrive between March and October. Cool-season crops — those grown between October and June — may ultimately use less irrigation water according to new research from the University ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Biosorption of methylene blue by nonliving biomass of the brown macroalga Sargassum hemiphyllum

    The ability of Sargassum hemiphyllum to remove methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution was evaluated. Batch experiments were conducted to examine the effects of parameters such as initial pH, contact time, biomass dose and initial dye concentration on adsorption capacity. S. hemiphyllum before and after MB adsorption was characterized by Fourier transform infrared ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EPA Releases Preliminary Risk Assessment for Neonicotinoid Insecticide Imidacloprid

    On January 6, 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with California’s Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) announced the release of a preliminary pollinator risk assessment for the neonicotinoid insecticide, imidacloprid (Preliminary Risk Assessment or Assessment). In its assessment, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Quantification of soil surface evaporation under micro-scale advection in drip-irrigated fields

    The objective of this study is to quantify soil surface evaporation under micro-scale advection in drip-irrigated fields. A numerical model for estimating soil surface evaporation under micro-scale advection, assuming drip-irrigated fields, is introduced. Results indicate that the soil surface evaporation changes spatially. Soil surface evaporation at the upwind edge of wet soil portions adjacent ...


    By Springer

  • Microencapsulation of Flavors and Fragrances by Spray Drying

    Recently, encapsulation of active ingredients in powder has gained much attraction. This technology could enable novel formulations for products in many fields, such as pharma, biology, food and cosmetics. The main purpose of encapsulation is to protect the sensitive compound in a solid matrix against the damage of the surrounding environment during the shelf life. Encapsulation has also been ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Bacterial communities associated with the rhizosphere of transgenic Bt 176 maize (Zea mays) and its non transgenic counterpart

    The effect of transgenic Bt 176 maize on the rhizosphere bacterial community has been studied with a polyphasic approach by comparing the rhizosphere of Bt maize cultivated in greenhouse with that of its non transgenic counterpart grown in the same conditions. In the two plants the bacterial counts of the copiotrophic, oligotrophic and sporeforming bacteria, and the community level catabolic ...


    By Springer

  • Bt-cotton and production risk: panel data estimates

    The farm-level success of Bt-cotton in developing countries is well documented. However, the literature has only recently begun to recognise the importance of accounting for the effects of the technology on production risk, in addition to the mean effect estimated by previous studies. The risk effects of the technology are likely very important to smallholder farmers in the developing world due ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Green tea catechins applied to susceptible hosts inhibit parasitic plant attachment success

    Parasitic plants utilize cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) to penetrate their host plant and attach to host vasculature. Inhibition of CWDEs may confer resistance on susceptible hosts, offering a strategy for parasitic plant control. Here, exogenous application of green tea catechins, which inhibit pectin methylesterase (a CWDE), was used to delay parasitic plant attachment. Texas bluebonnet ...

  • Dynamics of atmospheric nitrogen deposition in a temperate calcareous forest soil

    In temperate forest ecosystems, soil acts as a major sink for atmospheric N deposition. A 15N labeling experiment in a hardwood forest on calcareous fluvisol was performed to study the processes involved. Low amounts of ammonium (15NH4+) or nitrate (15NO3–) were added to small plots. Soil samples were taken after periods ranging from 1 h to 1 yr. After 1 d, the litter layer retained approximately ...

  • Insights from the field: forests for water

    In the Neuse River Basin in North Carolina, WRI is working with partners to identify beneficiaries and their water-related dependencies. We learned that clear documentation of the risks that beneficiaries face from water pollution, drought, and watershed degradation will help jump-start their participation in emerging PWS programs. In the Sebago Lake Watershed in Maine, WRI is finalizing a ...

  • Cover Page :The Search For Better Bugs and Better Mousetraps

     The Search For Better Bugs and Better Mousetraps The organics recycling industry sees a constant stream of new ideas, products, mechanisms, and systems, each attempting to improve the way organic residuals are handled, processed or turned into a value-added commodity. Some of these innovations seek to improve the process biology and biochemistry. Let’s call these “Better Bugs.” Others ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • South Korea Agribusiness Report Analysis Q1 2014

    While we are sanguine towards the long-term outlook of South Korea's agricultural sector, we are concerned about the short-term restructuring of the industry due to a mismatch of domestic demand and supply of livestock. Our positive outlook towards the sector is predicated on the government's decision to gradually remove barriers to trade and move up the value chain. Indeed, the expansion of ...


  • Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises: Key Players in Climate Adaptation

    In most developing economies, Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) employ up to 78 percent of the population and account for approximately 29 ...

  • Case study - Tapioca farming in Thailand

    The group has five factories located throughout Thailand; on a typical day, they produce 2,800 tons of tapioca between them.  The crop is processed within 24 hours with their state of the art production process and turned into tapioca starch or fibre for use in the paper industry, plywood, textiles, glue and the food and beverage industry. The process of crop cleaning produces a substantial ...


    By Geotech

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