Poultry production in Southeast Asia
In Southeast Asia, half of the poultry production takes place on intensive medium to large scale commercial farms. The other half are raised in back yards of small farmers who keep a few dozen chickens, geese, ducks or turkeys. This will be a source of income for small farmers.
Southeast Asia is driving poultry consumption growth by rising incomes, and changing demographics and tastes. Southeast Asia’s poultry production expanded by 56% in the last decade, growing from 5.9 million metric tons (mmt) to 9.2 mmt in 2018. It is expected to reach 12.3 mmt by 2028.
Poultry Production in the Philippines
Poultry production in the Philippines is classified into “commercial” and “backyard” production. A poultry farm is classed as “commercial” if it has more than 100 birds. Backyard produced chickens face more risk of disease as there is little to no bio security in place.
Commercial production is when the chickens are produced and bred on a farm in large quantities, with better technology to control temperatures. Commercial production is for major food suppliers, such as supermarkets, which account for 65% of the total broiler supply in the country.
As of 1st January 2019, the total chicken inventory was estimated at 186.37 million birds. It went up by 6.03 percent compared with the previous year’s record of 175.77 million birds. The increase in demand for poultry meat is due to an increase in population with a demand for better quality products.
In the Philippines, there has been an increase in street food kiosk chains, with the majority selling chicken products. As it is a cheap, fast way to get food, it is making poultry more accessible daily.
Poultry Production in Indonesia
Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia. It has a fast growing, relatively young population of almost 250 million. As poultry products are one of the most affordable sources of protein, the demand for high quality products increases. this is because the population are increasingly becoming more urbanised with a desire for a healthy lifestyle.
The majority of Indonesia’s birds are farmed in small open houses, housing 3,000-20,000 birds. These types of farms see a higher number of fallen stock, compared to commercial farms, as a result of disease and high temperatures.
Chicken meat demand in Indonesia this year is projected to increase by 6.2% to 3.25mt. to keep up with the demands, investments in technologies and production capacity must be made.